As filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on September 14, 2021

 

Registration No. 333-         

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

PARTS iD, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   441310   81-3674868

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

1 Corporate Drive, Suite C

Cranbury, New Jersey 08512

(866) 909-6699

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices) 

 

Antonino Ciappina

Chief Executive Officer

PARTS iD, Inc.

1 Corporate Drive, Suite C

Cranbury, New Jersey 08512

(866) 909-6699

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

 

Copies to:

Jonathan R. Zimmerman

James M. Fischer

Christine G. Long

Faegre Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP

2200 Wells Fargo Center

90 South Seventh Street

Minneapolis, Minnesota 55402

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this registration statement.

 

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, check the following box. ☒

 

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer
  Non-accelerated filer ☐ Smaller reporting company
    Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. 

 

 

 

 

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

Title of Each Class of Securities to be Registered  Amount to be registered(1)   Proposed maximum offering price per share(2)   Proposed maximum aggregate offering price   Amount of registration fee 
Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per share(3)   2,545,137   $

6.185

   $

15,741,672.35

   $

1,717.42

 

 

(1) The shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“Common Stock”), of PARTS iD, Inc. (the “Company”), are being registered for sale by the selling security holders named in the prospectus.
(2) Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee under Rule 457(c) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), based on the average of the high and low price per share for the Company’s Common Stock on September 13, 2021, as reported by the NYSE American.
(3) Pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act, the shares of Common Stock registered hereby also include an indeterminate number of additional shares of Common Stock as may from time to time become issuable by reason of stock split, stock dividends, recapitalizations, or other similar transactions.

 

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. The selling stockholders may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell securities, and the selling stockholders are not soliciting offers to buy these securities, in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS SUBJECT TO COMPLETION DATED: September 14, 2021

 

2,545,137 Shares of Common Stock

 

 

This prospectus relates to the offering and resale of up to 2,545,137 shares of our Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per share (“Common Stock”), by the selling stockholders identified herein (the “Selling Stockholders”), pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of November 20, 2020 (the “2020 RRA”), Section 4(e) of the Amended and Restated Sponsor Support Agreement, dated as of November 20, 2020 (such section, “SSA Section 4(e)”), and the Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of November 16, 2017 (the “2017 RRA”), each of which we entered into with certain of the Selling Stockholders (the 2020 RRA, SSA Section 4(e), and the 2017 RRA, together, the “Registration Rights Agreements”). See the section entitled “Selling Stockholders” for additional information regarding the Selling Stockholders and the specific Registration Rights Agreement(s) to which each Selling Stockholder is a party.

 

Our registration of the securities covered by this prospectus does not mean that the Selling Stockholders will offer or sell any of the shares. The Selling Stockholders may sell the shares of Common Stock covered by this prospectus in a number of different ways and at varying prices. We provide more information about how the Selling Stockholders may sell the shares in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution.” Additionally, in connection with such sales, Loop Capital Markets LLC, a Selling Stockholder, is a broker-dealer, and Interest Solutions, LLC, also a Selling Stockholder, is an affiliate of a broker-dealer, and each might be deemed an “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). In such event, any commissions received by Loop Capital Markets LLC or Interest Solutions, LLC and any profit on the resale of the shares purchased by each may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts under the Securities Act.

  

Our Common Stock is traded on the NYSE American under the symbol “ID.” Between February 19, 2021 and September 10, 2021, the closing price of our Common Stock ranged from $5.07 to $9.00 per share, and on September 10, 2021, the closing price of our Common Stock was $6.50.

 

We will not receive any proceeds from the sale by the Selling Stockholders of the shares of Common Stock being offered pursuant to this prospectus. We will pay for expenses related to the registration of the shares of our Common Stock to be offered and sold pursuant to this prospectus, and the Selling Stockholders will pay any underwriters’ commissions and discounts, brokerage fees, underwriter marketing costs, or equivalent expenses or expenses of their legal counsel applicable to the sale of such shares of Common Stock.

 

Investing in our securities involves various risks. You should review carefully the risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 6 of this prospectus, and under similar headings in any amendments or supplements to this prospectus.

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

The date of this prospectus is      , 2021

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

You should rely only on the information provided in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders have authorized anyone to provide you with different information. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders are making an offer of these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer is not permitted. You should not assume that the information in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement is accurate as of any date other than the date of the applicable document. Since the date of this prospectus, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed.

 

    Page
     
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS   ii
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS   iii
PROSPECTUS SUMMARY   1
THE OFFERING   5
RISK FACTORS   6
USE OF PROCEEDS   28
DETERMINATION OF OFFERING PRICE   29
MARKET FOR COMMON EQUITY AND DIVIDEND POLICY   30
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR PARTS iD, INC.   31
BUSINESS   44
MANAGEMENT   51
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION   59
SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT   64
SELLING STOCKHOLDERS   66
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS   73
DESCRIPTION OF COMMON STOCK   75
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION   79
MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES TO NON-U.S. HOLDERS   81
LEGAL MATTERS   84
EXPERTS   84
CHANGE IN INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM   84
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION   84

 

i

 

 

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

 

This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-1 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) using the “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, the Selling Stockholders may, from time to time, sell the securities offered by them described in this prospectus. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale by such Selling Stockholders of the Common Stock offered by them described in this prospectus.

 

Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders have authorized anyone to provide you with any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement or any free writing prospectuses prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders take responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders will make an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

We may also provide a prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement to add information to, or update or change information contained in, this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement together with the additional information to which we refer you in the sections of this prospectus titled “Where You Can Find More Information.”

 

On November 20, 2020 (the “Closing Date”), Legacy Acquisition Corp., our predecessor company (“Legacy”), consummated the previously announced merger pursuant to that certain Business Combination Agreement, dated September 18, 2020 (the “Business Combination Agreement”), by and among Legacy, Excel Merger Sub I, Inc., a Delaware corporation and an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of the Company and directly owned subsidiary of Merger Sub 2 (as defined below) (“Merger Sub 1”), Excel Merger Sub II, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and direct wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub 2”), Onyx Enterprises Int’l, Corp., a New Jersey corporation (“Onyx”), and Shareholder Representative Services LLC, a Colorado limited liability company, solely in its capacity as the stockholder representative pursuant to the terms of the Business Combination Agreement. At the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement (the “Closing”), (a) Merger Sub 1 merged with and into Onyx (the “First Merger”), with Onyx surviving as a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of Merger Sub 2, and (b) Onyx merged with and into Merger Sub 2 (the “Second Merger” and, together with the First Merger, the “Mergers”), with Merger Sub 2 surviving as a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the Mergers, collectively with the other transactions described in the Business Combination Agreement, the “Business Combination”). On the Closing Date, (i) Legacy changed its name from Legacy Acquisition Corp. to PARTS iD, Inc. and listed its shares of Common Stock on the NYSE American under the symbol “ID” and (ii) Merger Sub 2 changed its name to PARTS iD, LLC (“PARTS iD, LLC”).

 

Unless the context indicates otherwise, references in this prospectus to the “Company,” “PARTS iD,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to PARTS iD, Inc. (f/k/a Legacy Acquisition Corp.) and its consolidated subsidiaries (including PARTS iD, LLC). References to “Legacy” refer to our predecessor company prior to the consummation of the Business Combination.

 

ii

 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

All statements in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement that address events, developments or results that we expect or anticipate may occur in the future are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intends,” “project,” “forecast,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “seeks,” “scheduled,” or “will,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements relate to future periods, future events or our future operating or financial plans or performance, are made on the basis of management’s current views and assumptions with respect to future events, including management’s current views regarding the likely impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Any forward-looking statement is not a guarantee of future performance and actual results could differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statement. We operate in a changing environment where new risks emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all risks that may affect us, particularly those associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, which has had wide-ranging and continually evolving effects. The forward-looking statements, as well as our prospects as a whole, are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation:

 

  costs related to operating as a public company;
     
  difficulties in managing our international business operations, particularly in the Ukraine, including with respect to enforcing the terms of our agreements with our contractors and managing increasing costs of operations;
     
  the impact of health epidemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic, on our business and the actions we may take in response thereto;
     
  changes in our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenue and losses, product pricing, projected costs, prospects and plans;
     
  the outcome of actual or potential litigation, complaints, product liability claims, or regulatory proceedings, and the potential adverse publicity related thereto;
     
  the implementation, market acceptance and success of our business model, expansion plans, opportunities and initiatives, including the market acceptance of our planned products and services;
     
  competition and our ability to counter competition, including changes to the algorithms of Google and other search engines;
     
  developments and projections relating to our competitors and industry;
     
  our expectations regarding our ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection and not infringe on the rights of others;
     
  ability to maintain and enforce intellectual property rights and ability to maintain technology leadership;
     
  our future capital requirements, our ability to raise capital and utilize sources of cash;
     
  our ability to obtain funding for our operations;
     
  changes in applicable laws or regulations;
     
  the effects of current and future U.S. and foreign trade policy and tariff actions;
     
  disruptions in the marketplace for online purchases of aftermarket auto parts;
     
  disruptions in the supply chain; and
     
  the possibility that we may be adversely affected by other economic, business, and/or competitive factors.

 

See also the section titled “Risk Factors” in this prospectus, and subsequent reports and registration statements filed from time to time with the SEC, for further discussion of certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results and events to differ materially from our forward-looking statements. Readers of this prospectus are cautioned not to rely on these forward-looking statements, since there can be no assurance that these forward-looking statements will prove to be accurate. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we expressly disclaim any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. You are advised, however, to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K. This cautionary note is applicable to all forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus.

 

iii

 

 

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

 

This summary highlights information contained elsewhere in this prospectus and does not contain all of the information that you should consider in making your investment decision. Before investing in our securities, you should carefully read this entire prospectus, including our financial statements and the related notes and the information set forth under the headings “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for PARTS iD, Inc.” in each case included elsewhere in this prospectus. Unless otherwise stated or the context requires otherwise, references in this prospectus to “PARTS iD”, the “Company”, “we”, “us”, “our” and similar references refer to PARTS iD, Inc.

 

Business Overview

 

PARTS iD, Inc. is a technology-driven, digital commerce company focused on creating custom infrastructure and unique user experiences within niche markets. The Company was founded in 2008 with a vision of creating a one-stop digital commerce destination for the automotive parts and accessories market. Management believes that the Company has since become a market leader and proven brand-builder, fueled by its commitment to delivering an engaging shopping experience; comprehensive, accurate and varied product offerings; and continued digital commerce innovation.

 

At its core, the Company’s technology solution is a data and information platform that enables and facilitates a differentiated digital commerce experience within complex product markets, as opposed to a pure digital commerce or electronics retailer. The deep technology platform that we have built integrates software engineering with catalog management, data intelligence, mining and analytics, along with user interface development that utilizes distinctive rules-based parts fitment software capabilities. In order to handle the ever-growing need for accurate automotive product and parts data, the Company has utilized cutting-edge computational and software engineering techniques, including Bayesian classification, to enhance and improve data records and product information and also deliver an engaging user experience. The technology platform also offers the Company fungibility, which was demonstrated by the fact that it was able to launch seven new verticals in August 2018.

 

Through the journey of building a comprehensive and complex product portfolio with over 17 million SKUs, as well as building an end-to-end digital commerce platform, the Company has developed a platform for both digital commerce and fulfillment, relying on insights gleaned from nearly 14 billion data points related to vehicle parts, a virtual shipping network comprising over 2,500 locations, nearly 5,000 active brands, and machine-learning algorithms for complex fitment industries such as vehicle parts and accessories.

 

While the Company’s platform has been initially focused on automotive parts and accessories, management believes the Company’s platform is scalable and can be applied to other complex, multi-dimensional fitment, product portfolio industries, in addition to the seven new parts and accessories verticals — semi truck, motorcycle, powersports, RV/camper, boating, recreation and tools — that we launched in August 2018.

 

1

 

 

Recent Developments

 

The global spread of COVID-19 and related measures to contain its spread (such as government-mandated business closures and shelter-in-place guidelines) have created significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption. Recently, the extent and severity of the pandemic and such containment measures have abated somewhat due to the general public’s utilization of COVID-19 vaccines. However, public concern over COVID-19 remains, and related containment measures may increase in the future, especially due to the recent spread of COVID-19 variants.

 

Although the COVID-19 pandemic and related measures to contain its spread have not adversely affected the Company’s results of operations to date, they have adversely affected certain components of the Company’s business, including by increasing cancellations (which can result in an increase in advertisement costs), shipping times and costs and inefficiencies in sourcing products. In future periods, the pandemic might cause shipping difficulties, including slowed deliveries to customers; the potential for increased cancellations by customers; and the ability of consumers to pay for products. Although consumer demand for and the inventory of the Company’s products have remained stable, in future periods the COVID-19 pandemic could have an adverse impact on the Company through reduced consumer demand for or inventory of its products. If there is a prolonged impact of COVID-19, it could adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, perhaps materially. The future impact of COVID-19 and these containment measures cannot be predicted with certainty and may increase the Company’s borrowing costs, if any, and other costs of capital and otherwise adversely affect its business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the Company cannot assure that it will have access to external financing at times and on terms it considers acceptable, or at all, or that it will not experience other liquidity issues going forward.

 

Summary Risk Factors

 

Our business, financial condition, and operating results may be affected by a number of factors, whether currently known or unknown. Any one or more of such factors could directly or indirectly cause our actual results of operations and financial condition to vary materially from past or anticipated future results of operations and financial condition. Any of these factors, in whole or in part, could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and stock price. We have provided a summary of some of these risks below, with a more detailed explanation of the risks applicable to us in the section entitled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this prospectus.

 

  Our business is subject to risks arising from epidemic diseases, such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

  Our recent growth rates may not be sustainable or indicative of our future growth, which will depend on: (i) our customers’ experience, (ii) the economy and disposable income of our customers, (iii) our product offering, product pricing and fulfillment, (iv) shipping speed and cost optimization, (v) our competitive position in the aftermarket parts supply, (vi) changes in search engine algorithms affecting our website’s search engine optimization, and (vii) vendor supplies and vendor performance.

 

  We are primarily dependent on negative working capital to finance our business, and any adverse change in the availability of negative working capital, due to any factor, including a decrease in revenues or a reduction and/or withdrawal of credit terms from our key vendors, could severely impact the liquidity of the Company and its operations.

 

  Our business operates on thin operating margins, and even small changes in our operating scale, revenue growth rate, product costs, advertisement costs, customer traffic patterns, search engine algorithms, or selling and administrative overhead costs, or any one-time exceptional expense, could have a material impact on our profitability. If we fail to manage our growth or our cost effectively, our business, financial conditions and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.

 

  We may be unable to accurately forecast net sales and appropriately plan our expenses in the future.

 

2

 

 

  We depend on search engines and other online sources to attract visitors to our digital commerce platform, and if we are unable to attract these visitors and convert them into customers in a cost-effective manner, our business, financial condition and results of operations will be harmed.

 

  If we are unable to manage the challenges associated with its international operations, the growth of our business could be limited, and our business could suffer.

 

  Our growth strategy is dependent upon our ability to expand our “iD” branded store in industries outside automotive parts and accessories and to expand beyond our core “do-it-yourself” (“DIY”) customer base into “business to business” and “do-it-for-me” (“DIFM”) customers, and these expansion efforts may fail.

 

  We are highly dependent upon key product vendors. Sales of products sourced from our top ten product vendors represented approximately 33.4% of our total revenue during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. Our ability to source products from product vendors in amounts and on terms acceptable to the Company is dependent upon factors that are beyond our control.

 

  We source a majority of our private label products, and our product vendors acquire a majority of their products, from manufacturers and distributors located in Taiwan and China. We do not have any long-term contracts or exclusive agreements with our foreign product vendors that would ensure our ability to source the types and quantities of products we desire at acceptable prices and in a timely manner or that would allow us to rely on customary indemnification protection with respect to any third-party claims similar to some of our U.S. product vendors.

 

  We may not be able to properly enforce our agreements with contractors, service providers or product vendors in international markets.

 

  We face intense competition and operate in an industry with limited barriers to entry, and some of our competitors may have greater resources than us and may be better positioned to capitalize on the growing online automotive aftermarket parts and accessories market.

 

  Any failure to maintain the privacy and security of information, including personally identifiable information relating to our customers, employees and vendors, whether as a result of cybersecurity attacks on our information systems or otherwise, could damage our reputation, result in litigation or other legal actions against us, cause us to incur substantial additional costs, and materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

  System failures, including failures due to natural disasters or other catastrophic events, could prevent access to our digital commerce platform, which could reduce our net sales and harm its reputation.

 

  If we are unable to protect our intellectual property rights, our reputation and brand could be impaired and we could lose customers.

 

  Claims of intellectual property infringement by parts manufacturers, distributors or retailers to the validity of aftermarket parts and accessories or related marketing materials could adversely affect our business.

 

  We are subject to environmental laws, rules, and regulations, which may adversely impact our operations, and the failure to comply could result in harm to our reputation and could lead to fines and other penalties, including restrictions on the importation of our products into, or the sale of its products in, one or more jurisdictions until compliance is achieved.

 

  Our business could be adversely affected by an ongoing legal proceeding with certain stockholders, and because we are involved in litigation from time to time and is subject to numerous laws and governmental regulations, we could incur substantial judgments, fines, legal fees and other costs as well as reputational harm.

 

  We will incur significantly increased expenses and administrative burdens as a public company, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

  We depend on third-party delivery services to deliver products to our customers on a timely and consistent basis, and any deterioration in our relationship with any one of these third parties or increases in the fees that they charge could harm our reputation and adversely affect our business and financial condition.

 

3

 

 

  Shipping is a critical part of our business and any changes in, or disruptions to, our shipping arrangements could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Further, customers’ increasing demands for free shipping of products could adversely impact the growth of our business.

 

  We rely on our bandwidth and data center providers and other third parties to provide products to our customers, and any failure or interruption in the services provided by these third parties could disrupt our business and cause us to lose customers.

 

  Demand for the products we sell may be affected by the number of older vehicles in service. Vehicles seven years old or older are generally no longer under the original vehicle manufacturers’ warranties and tend to need more maintenance and repair than newer vehicles.

 

  Demand for the products we sell may be affected by the number of miles vehicles are driven annually. Higher vehicle mileage increases the need for maintenance and repair. Mileage levels may be affected by gas prices, ride sharing, the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions to slow its spread and other factors.

 

  If commodity prices such as fuel, plastic and steel increase, our margins may be negatively impacted.

  

Implications of Being a Smaller Reporting Company and an Emerging Growth Company

 

We are a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, and have elected to take advantage of certain of the scaled disclosure available to smaller reporting companies.

 

We also are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. Additionally, as an emerging growth company, we have elected to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies (as defined under Section 2(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act). As such, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates.

 

We will remain an emerging growth company until the earliest of (i) December 31, 2022, the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the completion of Legacy’s initial public offering on November 8, 2017; (ii) the last day of the fiscal year in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least $1.07 billion; (iii) the date on which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer under the rules of the SEC, which would be the last day of the fiscal year in which the market value of our common equity that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the end of the second fiscal quarter; or (iv) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt securities in the prior three-year period.

 

Corporate History

 

The Company was formed on November 20, 2020, upon the consummation of the Business Combination pursuant to that certain Business Combination Agreement between Legacy and Onyx, among other parties.

 

Onyx was incorporated in 2008 and is a one-stop eCommerce destination for the automotive parts and accessories market. Legacy was a blank check company incorporated in 2016 for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses.

 

For more information on the Business Combination Agreement, Onyx, and Legacy, please see the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 27, 2020 and the Company’s Definitive Information Statement on Schedule 14C filed with the SEC pursuant to Section 14 of the Exchange Act on October 30, 2020 (the “Information Statement”).

 

Corporate Information

 

Our corporate mailing address is 1 Corporate Drive, Suite C, Cranbury, New Jersey 08512. Our telephone number is (866) 909-6699, and our website is www.partsidinc.com. The information on our website is not part of this prospectus. The information contained in or connected to our website is not incorporated by reference into, and should not be considered part of, this prospectus. Any information about us on LinkedIn, Twitter or other social media platforms should not be considered part of this prospectus, nor should any information about us posted by others on blogs, bulletin boards, in chat rooms or in similar media.

 

4

 

 

THE OFFERING

 

Issuer  PARTS iD, Inc. (f/k/a Legacy Acquisition Corp.)
   
Common Stock Offered by the Selling Stockholders 2,545,137 shares.
   
Common Stock Outstanding(1) 33,173,456 shares.
   
Lock-Up Restrictions Certain Selling Stockholders are subject to restrictions on transfer until the termination of the applicable lock-up period. See “Selling Stockholders—Certain Relationships with Selling Stockholders” for further information.
   
Use of Proceeds We are not selling any shares of Common Stock in this offering and, as a result, will not receive any proceeds from this offering. See “Use of Proceeds.”
   
Terms of the Offering The Selling Stockholders will determine when and how it will sell the Common Stock offered in this prospectus.
   
Risk Factors You should read the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus beginning on page 6 for a discussion of factors to consider carefully before deciding to invest in our securities.
   
NYSE American Symbol “ID”

 

(1)The number of shares of our Common Stock outstanding is based on 33,173,456 shares of our Common Stock outstanding as of September 10, 2021, and excludes, as of such date:

 

  4,904,596 additional shares of Common Stock reserved and available for future issuances under the PARTS iD, Inc. 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 EIP”), of which 2,968,881 shares were subject to outstanding awards; 
     
  2,043,582 additional shares of Common Stock reserved and available for future issuances under the PARTS iD, Inc. 2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “2020 ESPP”);

 

  750,000 additional shares of Common Stock reserved for issuance pursuant to indemnification escrow obligations under the Business Combination Agreement (any unused portion of which reserved shares will be issued to Onyx Enterprises Canada Inc., Roman Gerashenko and Stanislav Royzenshteyn, each a Selling Stockholder, according to their pro rata share of common stock of Onyx prior to the Closing, pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement); and

 

  1,502,129 additional shares of Common Stock that will be issued to Legacy Acquisition Sponsor I LLC, a Selling Stockholder, should the price per share of Common Stock exceed $15.00 for any thirty-day trading period during the 730 calendar days after the Closing.

 

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RISK FACTORS

 

Any investment in our Common Stock involves a high degree of risk. Investors should carefully consider the risks described below and all of the information contained in this prospectus before deciding whether to purchase our Common Stock. Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected by these risks if any of them actually occur, including causing our actual results to differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements. The trading price of our securities could decline due to any of these risks, and, as a result, you may lose all or part of your investment. Additionally, the risks and uncertainties described in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement are not the only risks and uncertainties that we face. The following list of significant risk factors is not all-inclusive or necessarily in order of importance. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial also may materially adversely affect us in future periods.

 

Risks Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic

 

The global COVID-19 pandemic could harm the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

 

The global spread of COVID-19 and related measures to contain its spread (such as government-mandated business closures and shelter-in-place guidelines) have created significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption. Although the COVID-19 pandemic and related measures to contain its spread have not adversely affected the Company’s results of operations to date, they have adversely affected certain components of the Company’s business, including by increasing cancellations (which can result in an increase in advertisement costs) and shipping times. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity in the future will depend on numerous evolving factors that it cannot predict, including the duration and scope of the pandemic; any resurgence of the pandemic; governmental, business and individuals’ actions that have been and continue to be taken in response to the pandemic; the impact of the pandemic on national and global economic activity, unemployment levels and financial markets; the potential for shipping difficulties, including slowed deliveries to customers; the potential for increased cancellations by customers; and the ability of consumers to pay for products. Although consumer demand for and the inventory of the Company’s products have remained stable, the COVID-19 pandemic has generally resulted in a decrease in consumer spending with respect to the wider economy, which in the future could have an adverse impact on the Company through reduced consumer demand for or inventory of its products. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused the Company to require employees to work remotely for an indefinite period of time, which could negatively impact its business and harm productivity and collaboration. If there is a prolonged impact of COVID-19, it could adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, perhaps materially. The future impact of COVID-19 and these containment measures cannot be predicted with certainty and may increase the Company’s borrowing costs, if any, and other costs of capital and otherwise adversely affect its business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the Company cannot assure that it will have access to external financing at times and on terms it considers acceptable, or at all, or that it will not experience other liquidity issues going forward.

 

To the extent the COVID-19 pandemic adversely affects the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition or liquidity, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this “Risk Factors” section.

 

Risks Related to the Company’s Business and Industry

 

The Company depends on search engines and other online sources to attract visitors to its digital commerce platform, and if the Company is unable to attract these visitors and convert them into customers in a cost-effective manner, its business and results of operations will be harmed.

 

The Company’s success depends on its ability to attract customers in a cost-effective manner. The Company’s investments in marketing may not effectively reach potential consumers or those consumers may not decide to buy from it or the volume of consumers that purchase from it may not yield the intended return on investment. In order to drive traffic to its digital commerce platform, the Company relies on relationships with providers of online services, search engines, shopping comparison sites and marketplace sites to provide content, advertising banners and other links. In particular, the Company relies on Google as an important marketing channel, and if Google changes its algorithms or if competition increases for advertisements on Google or the Company’s other marketing channels, the Company may be unable to cost-effectively attract customers to its products. During the year ended December 31, 2020, 51.1% of the Company’s revenue was directly attributable to organic and paid traffic from Google.

 

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In addition, many of the parties with whom the Company has online-advertising arrangements could provide advertising services to other companies, including retailers with whom the Company competes. As competition for online advertising has increased, the cost for these services has also increased. With the growing awareness of the importance of digital commerce channels, many of the Company’s competitors are investing to acquire customers at a much higher cost and with a much lower profitability threshold, including through free shipping and other loss leaders. A significant increase in the cost of the marketing channels, including a change in the proportion of paid and free traffic upon which the Company relies, could adversely impact its ability to attract customers in a cost-effective manner and harm its business and results of operations. Further, while the Company uses promotions as a way to drive sales, these promotional activities may not drive sales and may adversely affect its gross margins.

 

Similarly, if any free search engine, price comparison and shopping engine, or marketplace site on which the Company relies begins charging fees for listing or placement, or if one or more of the search engines, price comparison and shopping engines, marketplace sites or other online sources on which the Company relies for purchased listings increases their fees, or modifies or terminates its relationship with the Company, including by restricting certain categories of products, the Company’s expenses could rise, it could lose customers, and traffic to its digital commerce platform could decrease. Moreover, if the use of price comparison and shopping engines by consumers continues to increase in popularity, the Company may face increased pricing pressure or suffer reduced sales as consumers are more readily able to price compare among online shopping platforms.

 

The Company’s recent growth rates may not be sustainable or indicative of its future growth.

 

The Company experienced significant growth in recent periods. This rate of growth may not be sustainable or indicative of the Company’s future rate of growth. The Company believes that its continued growth will depend upon the success of its multiple initiatives and continuation of higher traffic and conversion rates, which primarily depend on (i) customer experiences, (ii) the economy and customers’ disposable income, (iii) the Company’s product offerings, product pricing and fulfillment, (iv) shipping speed and cost optimization, (v) the Company’s competitive position in the aftermarket parts supply, (vi) changes in search engine algorithms affecting the Company’s website’s search engine optimization, and (vii) vendor supplies and vendor performance.

 

If the Company is unable to manage the challenges associated with its international operations, its operations and business could suffer and the growth of its business could be limited.

 

The Company maintains international business operations in Ukraine, Belarus, the Philippines and Costa Rica. These international operations include development and maintenance of the Company’s websites and call center and back-office support services. The Company is subject to a number of risks and challenges that specifically relate to its international operations. If the Company is unable to address and overcome these challenges, its operations could be interrupted or its growth could be limited, which may have an adverse effect on its business and operating results. These risks and challenges include:

 

  difficulties and costs of staffing and managing foreign operations, including any impairment to its relationship with contractors, including the lead contractor of the Company’s Ukraine operations, as well as service providers controlled by that lead contractor;
     
  concentration of knowledge and control held by the lead contractor of the Company’s Ukraine operations, his affiliate and service providers controlled by that lead contractor regarding material aspects of the Company’s information technology and cybersecurity frameworks;

 

  changes in operating costs charged by the Company’s Ukrainian service providers, who are controlled by the Company’s lead contractor in Ukraine;

 

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  increasing competition with respect to technology resources in Ukraine, leading to higher costs and higher attrition;

 

  restrictions imposed by local labor practices and laws on its business and operations;

 

  exposure to different business practices and legal standards;

 

  unexpected changes in regulatory requirements;

 

  the imposition of government controls and restrictions;

 

  political, social and economic instability and the risk of war, terrorist activities or other international incidents;

 

  the failure of telecommunications and connectivity infrastructure;

 

  natural disasters and public health emergencies, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic; and

 

  potentially adverse tax consequences, including the possible imposition of increased withholding taxes or the re-classification of contractors as employees under local law.

 

The Company’s growth strategy is dependent upon its ability to expand its “iD” branded store in industries outside automotive parts and accessories and to expand beyond its core DIY customer base into “business to business” and DIFM customers.

 

While the Company’s digital commerce platform initially focused solely on automotive parts and accessories, management believes its platform is scalable. Accordingly, management believes that its application to other complex product portfolio industries, including the seven parts and accessories verticals launched in August 2018 under the “iD” brand (i.e., semi-truck, motorcycle, powersports, RV/camper, boating, recreation and tools), will continue to drive brand loyalty among customers and reputation among vendors and increase customer orders from adjacent markets. However, the Company can provide no assurance that this strategy will continue to be successful. In future periods, the Company’s parts and accessories verticals may fail to attract new customers or appeal to the Company’s existing customers of automotive products, or the customers of each vertical may be more segmented than the Company expects, thereby limiting its ability to develop cross-vertical brand loyalty. The Company may also struggle to populate its new verticals with a comprehensive assortment of products, which management believes is important to attract and retain customers. Additionally, within the automotive parts and accessories space, the Company’s growth strategy is focused on expanding beyond its core DIY customer base by increasing business-to-business sales and sales to DIFM customers. These prospective customers may not be receptive to the Company’s marketing efforts, product offerings, or current speed of fulfillment or shipping, or may remain committed to using their existing product vendors. If for these or other reasons the Company is unable to continue to execute its growth strategy, its results of operations and financial conditions could be adversely affected.

 

Purchasers of aftermarket automotive parts and accessories may not choose to shop online, which would prevent the Company from acquiring new customers who are necessary to the growth of its business.

 

The online market for automotive parts and accessories is less developed than the online market for many other business and consumer products and currently represents only a small part of the overall automotive parts and accessories market. The Company’s success will depend in part on its ability to attract new customers and to convert customers who have historically purchased automotive parts and accessories through traditional retail and wholesale operations. Specific factors that could discourage or prevent prospective customers from purchasing from the Company include:

 

  concerns about buying automotive parts and accessories without face-to-face interaction with sales personnel;

 

  the inability to physically handle, examine and compare products;

 

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  delivery time associated with internet orders;

 

  concerns about the security of online transactions and the privacy of personal information;

 

  delayed shipments or shipments of incorrect or damaged products;

 

  increased shipping costs;

 

  the inconvenience associated with returning or exchanging items purchased online; and

 

  limited or no installation options or support for many products purchased online.

 

If the online market for automotive parts and accessories does not gain widespread acceptance, the Company’s sales may decline and its business and financial results may suffer.

 

If demand for the Company’s products slow, then its business may be materially adversely affected.

 

Demand for the products the Company sells may be affected by a number of factors it cannot control, including:

 

  the number of older vehicles in service. Vehicles seven years old or older are generally no longer under the original vehicle manufacturers’ warranties and tend to need more maintenance and repair than newer vehicles.

 

  the economy. In periods of declining economic conditions, consumers may reduce their discretionary spending by deferring vehicle maintenance or repair. Additionally, such conditions may affect the Company’s customers’ ability to obtain credit. During periods of expansionary economic conditions, more of the Company’s DIY customers may pay others to repair and maintain their vehicles instead of working on their own vehicles, or they may purchase new vehicles.

 

  the weather. Milder weather conditions may lower the failure rates of automotive parts, while extended periods of rain and winter precipitation may cause the Company’s customers to defer maintenance and repair on their vehicles. Further, drastic weather storms, such as hurricanes and winter storms, can have an immediate negative impact on the demand for the Company’s products.

 

  technological advances. Advances in automotive technology, such as electric vehicles, and parts design can result in cars needing maintenance less frequently and parts lasting longer.

 

  the number of miles vehicles are driven annually. Higher vehicle mileage increases the need for maintenance and repair. Mileage levels may be affected by gas prices, ride sharing, the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions to slow its spread and other factors.

 

  COVID-19 and the related increase in online shopping. Beginning in the second quarter of fiscal year 2020, the Company’s traffic and conversion rate increased substantially and its telephone calls to online traffic ratio decreased, each of which the Company’s management attributes to the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions to slow its spread. The Company’s financial projections assume its traffic and conversion rate will remain elevated going forward and its telephone calls to online traffic ratio will remain lower, so any reversal of these factors could cause the Company to fail to achieve its projections.

 

  the quality of the vehicles manufactured by original vehicle manufacturers and the length of the warranties or maintenance offered on new vehicles.

 

  restrictions on access to telematics and diagnostic tools and repair information imposed by the original vehicle manufacturers or by governmental regulation. These restrictions may cause vehicle owners to rely on dealers to perform maintenance and repairs.

 

  decrease in vehicle ownership due to wider adoption of on-demand transportation and ride sharing services.

 

These factors could result in a decline in the demand for the Company’s products, which could adversely affect its business and overall financial condition.

 

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The Company is dependent upon relationships with product vendors in Taiwan and China for the majority of its products.

 

The Company acquires a majority of its private label products, and its product vendors acquire a majority of their products, from manufacturers and distributors located in Taiwan and China. The Company does not have any long-term contracts or exclusive agreements with its foreign product vendors that would ensure its ability to acquire the types and quantities of products it desires at acceptable prices and in a timely manner or that would allow it to rely on customary indemnification protection with respect to any third-party claims similar to some of its U.S. product vendors.

 

In addition, because many of the Company’s direct and indirect product vendors are outside of the United States, additional factors could interrupt its relationships or affect the Company’s ability to acquire necessary products on acceptable terms, including:

  

  political, social and economic instability and the risk of war or other international incidents in Asia or abroad;

 

  fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates that may increase cost of products;

 

  imposition of duties, taxes, tariffs or other charges on imports;

 

  difficulties in complying with import and export laws, regulatory requirements and restrictions;

 

  natural disasters and public health emergencies, such as COVID-19;

 

  import shipping delays resulting from foreign or domestic labor shortages, slow-downs, or stoppages;

 

  the failure of local laws to provide a sufficient degree of protection against infringement of its intellectual property;

 

  imposition of new legislation relating to import quotas or other restrictions that may limit the quantity of its product that may be imported into the U.S. from countries or regions where it does business;

 

  financial or political instability in any of the countries in which its products are manufactured;

 

  potential recalls or cancellations of orders for any product that does not meet its quality standards;

 

  disruption of imports by labor disputes or strikes and local business practices;

 

  political or military conflict involving the United States or any country in which its product vendors are located, which could cause a delay in the transportation of its products, an increase in transportation costs and additional risk to product being damaged and delivered on time;

 

  heightened terrorism security concerns, which could subject imported goods to additional, more frequent or more thorough inspections, leading to delays in deliveries or impoundment of goods for extended periods;

 

  inability of its non-U.S. product vendors to obtain adequate credit or access liquidity to finance their operations; and

 

  its ability to enforce any agreements with its foreign product vendors.

 

If the Company were unable to import products from China and Taiwan in a cost-effective manner or at all, it could suffer irreparable harm to its business and be required to significantly curtail its operations, file for bankruptcy or cease operations. 

 

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From time to time, the Company may also have to resort to administrative and court proceedings to enforce its legal rights with foreign product vendors. However, it may be more difficult to evaluate the level of legal protection the Company enjoys in Taiwan and China and the corresponding outcome of any administrative or court proceedings than in comparison to its product vendors in the United States.

 

The Company depends on third-party delivery services to deliver products to its customers on a timely and consistent basis, and any deterioration in its relationship with any one of these third parties or increases in the fees that they charge could harm its reputation and adversely affect its business and financial condition.

 

The Company relies on third parties for the shipment of products, including a single carrier for the majority of its shipping needs, and it cannot be sure that these relationships will continue on terms favorable to it, or at all. Shipping costs have increased from time to time, and may continue to increase, and the Company may not be able to pass these costs directly to its customers. Any increased shipping costs could harm the Company’s business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations by increasing its costs of doing business and reducing gross margins, which could negatively affect its operating results. In addition, the Company utilizes a variety of shipping methods for outbound logistics. For outbound logistics, the Company relies on “Less-than-Truckload,” or LTL, and parcel freight based upon the product and quantities being shipped and customer delivery requirements. These outbound freight costs have increased on a year-over-year basis and may continue to increase in the future. The Company also ships a number of oversized automotive parts and accessories, which may trigger additional shipping costs by third-party delivery services. Any increases in fees or any increased use of LTL would increase the Company’s shipping costs, which could negatively affect its operating results.

 

In addition, if the Company’s relationships with these third parties, especially the single carrier the Company relies upon for the majority of its shipping needs, are terminated or impaired, or if these third parties are unable to deliver products for the Company, whether due to a labor shortage, slow down or stoppage, deteriorating financial or business conditions, responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, terrorist attacks or for any other reason, the Company would be required to use alternative carriers for the shipment of products to its customers. Changing carriers could have a negative effect on the Company’s business and operating results due to reduced visibility of order status and package tracking and delays in order processing and product delivery, and it may be unable to engage alternative carriers on a timely basis, upon terms favorable to it, or at all.

 

The Company relies on bandwidth and data center providers and other third parties to provide products to its customers, and any failure or interruption in the services provided by these third parties could disrupt its business and cause it to lose customers.

 

The Company relies on third-party vendors, including data center and bandwidth providers. Any disruption in the network access or co-location services, which are the services that house and provide internet access to the Company’s servers, provided by these third-party providers or any failure of these third-party providers to handle current or higher volumes of use could significantly harm the Company’s business. Any financial or other difficulties the Company’s providers face may have negative effects on the Company’s business, the nature and extent of which cannot be predicted. The Company exercises little control over these third-party vendors, which increases its vulnerability to problems with the services they provide.

 

The Company also licenses technology from third parties, including software packages, ERP systems, system applications, hosting services, and related databases, to facilitate elements of its digital commerce platform, back-office support and accounting systems. The Company has experienced and expects to continue to experience interruptions and delays in service and availability for these elements. Any errors, failures, interruptions or delays experienced in connection with these third-party technologies could negatively impact the Company’s relationship with its customers and adversely affect its business. The Company’s systems also heavily depend on the availability of electricity, which also comes from third-party providers. Information systems such as the Company’s may be disrupted by even brief power outages, or by the fluctuations in power. This could disrupt the Company’s business and cause it to lose customers.

 

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The Company is highly dependent upon key product vendors.

 

The Company’s top ten product vendors represented approximately 33.4% of its total revenue during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. The Company’s ability to acquire products from its product vendors in amounts and on terms acceptable to it is dependent upon a number of factors that could affect its product vendors and which are beyond its control. For example, financial or operational difficulties that some of the Company’s product vendors may face could result in an increase in the cost of the products the Company purchases from them. If the Company does not maintain its relationships with its existing product vendors or develop relationships with new product vendors on acceptable commercial terms, it may not be able to continue to offer a broad selection of merchandise at competitive prices and, as a result, it could lose customers and its sales could decline.

 

The Company outsources the distribution and fulfillment operation for most of the products it sells and is dependent on drop-ship product vendors to manage inventory, process orders and distribute those products to its customers in a timely manner. For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, products shipped by drop-ship product vendors represented the vast majority of the Company’s total revenue. Because the Company outsources a number of traditional retail functions to product vendors, it has limited control over how and when orders are fulfilled. The Company also has limited control over the products that its product vendors purchase or keep in stock. The Company’s product vendors may not accurately forecast the products that will be in high demand or they may allocate popular products to other resellers, resulting in the unavailability of certain products for delivery to the Company’s customers. Any inability to offer a broad array of products at competitive prices and any failure to deliver those products to the Company’s customers in a timely and accurate manner may damage the Company’s reputation and brand and could cause it to lose customers and its sales to decline.

 

In addition, the increasing consolidation among automotive parts and accessories product vendors may disrupt or end the Company’s relationship with some product vendors, result in product shortages and/or lead to less competition and, consequently, higher prices. Furthermore, as part of its routine business, product vendors extend credit to the Company in connection with its purchase of their products. In the future, the Company’s product vendors may limit the amount of credit they are willing to extend to the Company in connection with its purchase of their products, including as a result of the Company’s public disclosure of its financial statements. If this were to occur, it could impair the Company’s ability to acquire the types and quantities of products that it desires from the applicable product vendors on acceptable terms, severely impact its liquidity and capital resources, limit its ability to operate its business and could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Company is dependent on its product vendors to supply it with products that comply with safety and quality standards at competitive prices and to comply with the terms of their stated customer warranties.

 

The Company is dependent on its vendors continuing to supply quality products at favorable prices. If the Company’s merchandise offerings do not meet its customers’ expectations regarding safety and quality, it could experience lost sales, increased costs and exposure to legal and reputational risk. All of the Company’s product vendors must comply with applicable product safety laws, and the Company is dependent on them to ensure that the products its customers buy comply with all safety and quality standards. Events that give rise to actual, potential or perceived product safety concerns could expose the Company to government enforcement action and private litigation and result in costly product recalls and other liabilities. To the extent the Company’s product vendors are subject to additional governmental regulation of their product design and/or manufacturing processes, the cost of the merchandise it purchases may rise. In addition, negative customer perceptions regarding the safety or quality of the products the Company sells could cause its customers to seek alternative sources for their needs, resulting in lost sales. In those circumstances, it may be difficult and costly for the Company to regain the confidence of its customers.

 

The Company is also dependent on its product vendors to comply with the terms of their stated customer product warranties. To the extent that the Company’s product vendors fail to satisfy legitimate warranty claims asserted by the Company’s customers, the Company may be directly responsible for reimbursing such customers, which could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition and results of operations, particularly if one or more of the Company’s larger product vendors fails to honor its warranty obligations.

 

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The Company is dependent on entities controlled by a lead contractor in Ukraine to recruit and manage its development team and back-office support, to provide a physical facility to its contractors and to manage the Company’s information technology and cybersecurity frameworks.

 

Based on management’s knowledge, the Company’s lead contractor and his affiliate have sole authority to recruit and retain the Company’s information technology subcontractors, and own the physical facility in Ukraine at which such subcontractors report to work. Because substantially all of the Company’s information technology functions are performed in Ukraine and because, based on management’s knowledge, the Company’s lead contractor in Ukraine, his affiliate and the service providers controlled by that lead contractor have exclusive knowledge and control of certain material aspects of the Company’s information technology and cybersecurity frameworks, the Company is dependent on the lead contractor and his affiliate with respect to such functions and frameworks. If these contractors or subcontractors fail to perform according to agreed-upon terms and timetables or terminate the arrangements under which they perform these functions, the Company’s operations may be disrupted or unable to function until the Company is able to engage a substitute, which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. This could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

If the Company fails to offer a broad selection of products at competitive prices or fails to locate sufficient inventory to meet customer demands, its revenue could decline.

 

In order to expand its business, the Company must successfully offer, on a continuous basis, a broad selection of automotive parts and accessories that meet the needs of its customers. Products sold by the Company are used by consumers for a variety of purposes, including repair, performance, improved aesthetics and functionality. In addition, to be successful, the Company’s product offerings must be broad and deep in scope, competitively priced, well-made, innovative and attractive to a wide range of consumers. The Company cannot predict with certainty that it will be successful in offering products that meet all of these requirements. Moreover, even if the Company offers a broad selection of products at competitive prices, it must maintain access to sufficient inventory to meet consumer demand. If the Company’s product offerings fail to satisfy its customers’ requirements or respond to changes in customer preferences or if the Company otherwise fails to locate sufficient inventory to meet customer demands, its revenue could decline.

 

Shifting online consumer behavior regarding automotive parts and accessories could adversely impact the Company’s financial results and the growth of its business.

 

Shifting consumer behavior indicates that the Company’s customers are becoming more inclined to shop for automotive parts and accessories through their mobile devices. For the year ended December 31, 2020, approximately 49% of the Company’s revenue and 64% of its traffic was attributable to mobile customers. Mobile customers exhibit different behaviors than more traditional desktop-based e-commerce customers. User sophistication and technological advances have increased consumer expectations around the user experience on mobile devices, including speed of response, functionality, product availability, security, and ease of use. If the Company is unable to continue to adapt its mobile device shopping experience in ways that improve its customers’ mobile experience and increase the engagement of its mobile customers, the Company’s sales may decline and its business and financial results may suffer.

 

If commodity prices such as fuel, plastic and steel increase, the Company’s margins may be negatively impacted.

 

Increasing prices in the component materials for the parts the Company sells may impact the availability, the quality and the price of its products, as product vendors search for alternatives to existing materials and increase the prices they charge. The Company cannot ensure that it can recover all the increased costs through price increases, and its product vendors may not continue to provide a consistent quality of product as they may substitute lower cost materials to maintain pricing levels, all of which may have a negative impact on the Company’s business and results of operations.

 

The Company faces intense competition and operates in an industry with limited barriers to entry, and some of its competitors may have greater resources than it and may be better positioned to capitalize on the growing online automotive aftermarket parts and accessories market.

 

The parts and accessories industries in which the Company sells its products are competitive and fragmented, and products are distributed through multi-tiered and overlapping channels. The Company competes with both online and offline sellers that offer parts and accessories, repair parts and original equipment manufacturer parts to either the DIY or the DIFM consumer segments. Current or potential competitors include (i) online retailers, including both niche retailers of uncommon, highly specialized products and general retailers of a larger number of broadly available products; (ii) national parts retailers such as Advance Auto Parts, AutoZone, NAPA and O’Reilly Auto Parts; (iii) internet-based marketplaces such as Amazon.com and eBay.com; (iv) discount stores and mass merchandisers; (v) local independent retailers; (vi) wholesale parts distributors and (vii) manufacturers, product vendors and other distributors selling online directly to consumers.

 

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Barriers to entry are low, and current and new competitors can launch websites at a relatively low cost. Many of the Company’s current and potential competitors have longer operating histories, larger customer bases, greater brand recognition and significantly greater financial, marketing, technical, management and other resources than it does. For example, in the event that online marketplace companies such as Amazon or eBay, who have larger customer bases, greater brand recognition and significantly greater resources than the Company does, focus more of their resources on competing in the automotive parts and accessories market, it could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and results of operations. In addition, some of the Company’s competitors have used and may continue to use aggressive pricing tactics and devote substantially more financial resources to website and system development than the Company does. The Company expects that competition will further intensify in the future as internet use and online commerce continue to grow worldwide. Increased competition may result in reduced sales, lower operating margins, reduced profitability, loss of market share and diminished brand recognition.

 

Additionally, the Company has experienced significant competitive pressure from certain of its product vendors who are now selling their products directly to customers. Since the Company’s product vendors have access to merchandise at very low costs, they can sell products at lower prices and maintain higher gross margins on their product sales than the Company can. The Company’s financial results have been negatively impacted by direct sales from its product vendors to its current and potential customers, and the Company’s total number of orders and average order value may decline due to increased competition. Continued competition from the Company’s product vendors may also continue to negatively impact its business and results of operations, including through reduced sales, lower operating margins, reduced profitability, loss of market share and diminished brand recognition. The Company has implemented and will continue to implement several strategies to attempt to overcome the challenges created by its product vendors selling directly to its customers and potential customers, including optimizing its pricing, continuing to increase its mix of private label products and improving its diligence commerce platform, which may not be successful. If these strategies are not successful, the Company’s results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.

 

The Company relies on key personnel and may need additional personnel for the success and growth of its business.

 

The Company’s business is largely dependent on the personal efforts and abilities of highly skilled executive, technical, managerial, merchandising, marketing, and call center personnel. Competition for such personnel is intense, and the Company cannot assure that it will be successful in attracting and retaining such personnel. The loss of any key employee or the Company’s inability to attract or retain other qualified employees could harm its business and results of operations.

 

The Company generates a portion of its revenue from advertising, and reduced spending by advertisers or new and existing technologies that block ads online could harm its business.

 

The Company generates a portion of its revenue from the display of ads online. Expenditures by advertisers tend to be cyclical, reflecting overall economic conditions and budgeting and buying patterns. Adverse macroeconomic conditions can have a material adverse effect on the demand for advertising and cause the Company’s advertisers to reduce the amounts they spend on advertising, which could harm the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.

 

Changes to the automotive industry and consumer views on vehicle ownership could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

The automotive industry is predicted to experience rapid change in the years to come, including increases in ride-sharing services, advances in electric vehicle production and driverless technology. Ride-sharing services such as Uber and Lyft provide consumers with mobility options outside of traditional vehicle ownership. Manufacturers also continue to invest in increasing production and quality of battery-electric vehicles, which generally require less maintenance than traditional cars and trucks and may be more difficult for DIY customers to repair. Technological advances are also facilitating the development of driverless vehicles, which may further reduce the need for vehicle ownership. If sales of automotive parts and accessories decline as a result of these or other changes to the automotive industry, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.

 

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Risks Related to the Company’s Finances

 

The Company has a history of losses.

 

The Company has a history of low operating margins and losses. The Company continues to focus on growing its business in the near term, with increasing investments in its business, which may result in the incurrence of additional losses. During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, the Company had net income of $2.1 million before a cash and non-cash deemed distribution to preferred stockholders (and after such distribution, a net loss of $13.3 million available to common stockholders), compared to a net loss of $0.7 million (and a net loss of $1.2 million available to common stockholders) for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. If the Company incurs substantial net losses in the future, it could impact the Company’s liquidity, as it may not be able to provide positive cash flows from operations in order to meet its working capital requirements. The Company may need to sell additional assets or seek additional equity or additional debt financing in the future. In such case, there can be no assurance that the Company would be able to raise such additional financing or engage in such asset sales on acceptable terms, or at all. If the Company’s net losses were to continue, and if the Company is not able to raise adequate additional financing or proceeds from asset sales to continue to fund its ongoing operations, it will need to defer, reduce or eliminate significant planned expenditures, restructure or significantly curtail its operations, file for bankruptcy or cease operations.

 

The Company may not generate sufficient cash flows to cover its operating expenses, and any failure to obtain additional capital could jeopardize its operations and the cost of capital may be high.

 

As of December 31, 2020, the Company had negative working capital of approximately $25.8 million. In the event that the Company is unable to generate sufficient cash from its operating activities or obtain financing, it could be required to delay, reduce or discontinue its operations and ongoing business efforts. Further, if for any reason, the revenues of the Company decline or there are unfavorable changes in the credit terms from its key product vendors, it could have an adverse impact on the availability of working capital to the Company. Even if the Company is able to raise capital, it may raise capital by selling equity securities, which will be dilutive to existing stockholders. If the Company incurs indebtedness, costs of financing may be extremely high, and the Company will be subject to default risks associated with such indebtedness, which may harm its ability to continue its operations.

 

Changes in customer, product, vendor or sourcing sales mix could cause the Company’s gross margin and ultimately operating margins to decline; failure to mitigate these pressures could adversely affect its results of operations and financial condition.

 

The Company’s gross margins are dependent on the mix of products it sells, decisions to drop-ship rather than stock products in its distribution centers, decisions to offer private label alternatives or branded offerings, price changes by its vendors, pricing actions by competitors, and the mix of paid and organic traffic to its e-commerce platform. In addition, the Company’s margin could be adversely affected by any consumer shift away from its private label products.

 

We may be unable to accurately forecast net sales and appropriately plan our expenses in the future.

 

Net sales and results of operations are difficult to forecast because they generally depend on the volume, timing and type of orders we receive, all of which are uncertain. We base our expense levels and investment plans on our estimates of net sales and gross margins. We cannot be sure the same growth rates, trends, and other key performance metrics are meaningful predictors of future growth. If our assumptions prove to be wrong, we may spend more than we anticipate acquiring and retaining customers or may generate lower net sales per active customer than anticipated, either of which could have a negative impact on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

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Risks Related to Regulation and Tax

 

Regulation in the areas of privacy and protection of user data could harm the Company’s business.

 

The Company is subject to laws relating to the collection, use, retention, security, and transfer of personally identifiable information about its users around the world. Much of the personal information that the Company collects, especially customer identity and financial information, is regulated by multiple laws. User data protection laws may be interpreted and applied inconsistently from country to country. These laws continue to develop in ways the Company cannot predict and that may harm its business.

 

Regulatory scrutiny of privacy, user data protection, use of data and data collection is increasing on a global basis. The Company is subject to a number of privacy and similar laws and regulations in the countries in which it operates, and these laws and regulations will likely continue to evolve over time, both through regulatory and legislative action and judicial decisions. In addition, compliance with these laws may restrict the Company’s ability to provide services to its customers that they may find to be valuable. For example, the EU General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) applies to all of the Company’s activities conducted from an establishment in the European Union or related to products and services offered in the European Union, and imposes significant compliance obligations regarding the handling of personal data. If the Company fails to comply with the GDPR, or if regulators assert the Company has failed to comply with the GDPR, it may lead to regulatory enforcement actions, which can result in monetary penalties of up to 4% of worldwide revenue, private lawsuits, or reputational damage. In the United States, California has adopted the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (“CCPA”), which became effective January 1, 2020 and which provides a private right of action for data breaches and requires companies that process information on California residents to make new disclosures to consumers about their data collection, use and sharing practices and allows consumers to opt out of certain data sharing with third parties. Moreover, on November 3, 2020, Californians voted to approve a ballot measure that created the California Privacy Rights Act (“CPRA”), which amends and expands the rights and obligations under the CCPA. Most of the CPRA’s substantive provisions will not take effect until January 1, 2023. Once the CPRA takes effect, it will replace the CCPA, although in the interim, businesses must comply with the CCPA. In addition to the CCPA and CPRA, several other U.S. states have or are considering adopting laws and regulations imposing obligations regarding the handling of personal data. Compliance with the GDPR, the CCPA, the CPRA and other current and future applicable international and U.S. privacy, cybersecurity and related laws can be costly and time-consuming. Complying with these varying national and international requirements could cause the Company to incur substantial costs or require it to change its business practices in a manner adverse to its business, and violations of privacy-related laws can result in significant penalties.

 

A determination that there have been violations of laws relating to the Company’s practices under communications-based laws could also expose it to significant damage awards, fines and other penalties that could, individually or in the aggregate, materially harm its business. In particular, because of the enormous number of emails and other communications the Company sends to its users, communications laws that provide a specified monetary damage award or fine for each violation (such as those described below) could result in particularly large awards or fines.

 

For example, the Federal Communications Commission amended certain of its regulations under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, or TCPA, in 2012 and 2013 in a manner that could increase the Company’s exposure to liability for certain types of telephonic communication with customers. Under the TCPA, plaintiffs may seek actual monetary loss or statutory damages of $500 per violation, whichever is greater, and courts may treble the damage award for willful or knowing violations. Given the enormous number of communications the Company sends to its users, a determination that there have been violations of the TCPA or other communications-based statutes could expose the Company to significant damage awards that could, individually or in the aggregate, materially harm its business.

 

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The Company posts on its websites its privacy policies and practices concerning the collection, use and disclosure of user data. Any failure, or perceived failure, by the Company to comply with its posted privacy policies or with any regulatory requirements or orders or other federal, state or international privacy or consumer protection-related laws and regulations, including the GDPR and the CCPA, could result in proceedings or actions against it by governmental entities or others (e.g., class action privacy litigation), subject it to significant penalties and negative publicity, require it to change its business practices, increase its costs and adversely affect its business. Data collection, privacy and security have become the subject of increasing public concern. If internet and mobile users were to reduce their use of the Company’s websites, mobile platforms, products, and services as a result of these concerns, its business could be harmed. As noted above, the Company is subject to the possibility of security breaches, which themselves may result in a violation of these laws.

 

The Company is subject to various federal, state and local laws and governmental regulations relating to the operation of its business, which may affect the way the Company conducts its operations.

 

The Company is subject to various federal, state and local laws and governmental regulations relating to the operation of its business, including those governing the use and transportation of hazardous substances and emissions-related standards, established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”), and similar state-level regulators, including the California Air Resources Board (“CARB”).

 

While the Company has processes in place to ensure that products are sold in compliance with the requirements imposed by the EPA and similar state-level regulators, all verification processes have inherent limitations. The Company has been, is currently, and may in the future be the subject of regulatory proceedings initiated by the EPA, CARB or other applicable regulatory bodies, and the results of such proceedings are uncertain. For additional information, see Note 6 of Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and Note 6 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

Although management believes that the Company is in substantial compliance with currently applicable environmental laws, rules, and regulations, it is unable to predict the ultimate impact of adopted or future laws, rules, and regulations on its business, properties or products. Such laws, rules, or regulations may cause the Company to incur significant expenses to achieve or maintain compliance, may require it to modify its product offerings, may adversely affect the price of or demand for some of its products, and may ultimately affect the way the Company conducts its operations. Failure to comply with these current or future laws, rules, or regulations could result in harm to the Company’s reputation and/or could lead to fines and other penalties, including restrictions on the importation of the Company’s products into, or the sale of its products in, one or more jurisdictions until compliance is achieved.

 

The Company could be required to collect additional sales taxes or be subject to other tax liabilities that may increase the costs its customers would have to pay for its products and adversely affect its operating results.

 

In general, the Company has not historically collected state or local sales, use, or other similar taxes in any jurisdictions in which it believed it did not have a tax nexus. In addition, the Company has not historically collected state or local sales, use, or other similar taxes in certain jurisdictions in which it does have a physical presence, in reliance on applicable exemptions. On June 21, 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court decided, in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc., that state and local jurisdictions may, at least in certain circumstances, enforce a sales and use tax collection obligation on remote vendors that have no physical presence in such jurisdiction. A number of states have begun, or have positioned themselves to begin, requiring sales and use tax collection by remote vendors and/or by online marketplaces. The details and effective dates of these collection requirements vary from state to state. While we believe we now collect, remit, and report sales tax in all required states, it is still possible that one or more jurisdictions may assert that we have liability for previous periods for which we did not collect sales, use, or other similar taxes, and if such an assertion or assertions were successful it could result in substantial tax liabilities, including for past sales taxes and penalties and interest, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, and operating results.

 

Certain U.S. state tax authorities could assert that the Company has nexus in that state and seek to impose state and local income taxes which could harm its results of operations.

 

For the tax year ending December 31, 2019, and for years prior thereto, the Company filed state income tax returns in New Jersey. There is a risk that state tax authorities in other states could assert that the Company is liable for state and local income taxes based upon income or gross receipts allocable to such states because the Company has nexus with those states. The Company could then be subject to state and local taxation in other states, in lieu of or in addition to, taxation in New Jersey. Penalties and interest could apply to unpaid tax attributable to prior periods. Such tax assessments, penalties and interest may adversely impact the Company’s results of operations and financial position.

 

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Risks Related to Intellectual Property and Cybersecurity

 

Any failure to maintain the security of the information relating to the Company’s customers, employees and vendors, whether as a result of cybersecurity attacks on its information systems or otherwise, could damage its reputation, result in litigation or other legal actions against it, cause it to incur substantial additional costs, and materially adversely affect its business and results of operations.

 

Like most retailers, the Company receives and stores in its information systems personal information about its customers, employees and vendors. Most of this information is stored digitally in connection with the Company’s digital commerce platform. The Company also utilizes third-party service providers for a variety of reasons, including, without limitation, for digital storage technology, back-office support, and other functions. Such providers may have access to information the Company holds about its customers, employees or vendors. In addition, the Company depends upon the secure transmission of confidential information over public networks, including information permitting cashless payments.

 

Cyber threats are rapidly evolving and those threats and the means for obtaining access to information in digital and other storage media are becoming increasingly sophisticated. Cyber threats and cyber-attackers can be sponsored by countries or sophisticated criminal organizations or be the work of hackers with a wide range of motives and expertise. The Company and the businesses with which it interacts have experienced and continue to experience threats to data and systems, including by perpetrators of random or targeted malicious cyber-attacks, computer viruses, worms, bot attacks or other destructive or disruptive software and attempts to misappropriate customer information, including credit card information, and cause system failures and disruptions. Some of the Company’s systems have experienced security breaches in the past, and there can be no assurance that similar breaches will not recur in the future.

 

Employee error or malfeasance, faulty password management, social engineering or other irregularities may also result in a defeat of the Company or its third-party service providers’ security measures and a breach of its or their information systems. Moreover, hardware, software or applications the Company uses may have inherent vulnerabilities or defects of design, manufacture or operations or could be inadvertently or intentionally implemented or used in a manner that could compromise information security.

 

Any compromise of the Company’s data security systems or of those of businesses with which it interacts, which results in confidential information being accessed, obtained, damaged, modified, lost or used by unauthorized or improper persons, could harm the Company’s reputation and expose it to regulatory actions, customer attrition, remediation expenses, and claims from customers, employees, vendors, financial institutions, payment card networks and other persons, any of which could materially and adversely affect the Company’s business operations, financial condition and results of operations. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems change frequently and may not immediately produce signs of a compromise, the Company may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures, and the Company or its third-party service providers may not discover any security breach, vulnerability or compromise of information for a significant period of time after the security incident occurs.

 

In addition, such events could be widely publicized and could materially adversely affect the Company’s reputation with its customers, employees, vendors and stockholders, could harm its competitive position with respect to other digital commerce websites, and could result in a material reduction in net sales from its digital commerce platform. Such events could also result in the release to the public of confidential information about the Company’s operations and financial condition and performance and could result in litigation or other legal actions against the Company or the imposition of penalties, fines, fees or liabilities, which may not be covered by its insurance policies. Moreover, a security compromise could require the Company to devote significant management resources to address the problems created by the issue and to expend significant additional resources to upgrade further the security measures it employs to guard personal and confidential information against cyber-attacks and other attempts to access or otherwise compromise such information and could result in a disruption of its operations.

 

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The Company accepts payments using a variety of methods, including credit and debit cards, online payment systems such as PayPal, Google Pay, Affirm and gift cards, and it may offer new payment options over time. As an online retailer, the Company is reliant upon third-party payment processors to sell its products, and any interruption to the services provided by such payment processors, including as a result of payment disputes, would have an immediate impact on the Company’s cash flows, financial position and results of operations. Third-party payment processors may also increase their fees or increase the minimum reserves on the Company’s accounts, which could decrease the Company’s profit margin and impair the Company’s liquidity, respectively.

 

As a retailer accepting debit and credit cards for payment, the Company also is subject to various industry data protection standards and protocols, such as payment network security operating guidelines and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. The Company cannot be certain that the security measures it maintains to protect all of its information technology systems are able to prevent, contain or detect cyber-attacks, cyber terrorism, security breaches or other compromises from known malware or other threats that may be developed in the future. To the extent that any cyber-attack or incursion in the Company or one of its third-party service provider’s information systems results in the loss, damage, misappropriation or other compromise of information, the Company may be materially adversely affected by claims from customers, financial institutions, regulatory authorities, payment card networks and others. In certain circumstances, the Company’s contracts with payment card processors and payment card networks (such as Visa, Mastercard, American Express and Discover) generally require the Company to adhere to payment card network rules, which could make it liable to payment card issuers and others if information in connection with payment cards and payment card transactions that it processes is compromised or if the Company permits fraudulent purchases on its platform, which liabilities could be substantial. If the event of a material increase in fraudulent purchases on the Company’s platform, payment card processors and payment card networks could refuse to process further payments for purchases on the Company’s platform, which would materially impact the Company’s results of operations and financial position.

 

If the Company’s proprietary data catalog is stolen, misappropriated or damaged, or if a competitor is able to create a substantially similar database without infringing the Company’s rights, then the Company may lose an important competitive advantage.

 

The Company has invested significant resources and time to build and maintain its proprietary data catalog, which maps stock-keeping units, to relevant product applications based on vehicle years, makes, and models. Management believes that the Company’s data catalog provides it with an important competitive advantage in both driving traffic to its digital commerce platform and converting that traffic to revenue by enabling customers to quickly locate the parts and accessories they require. The Company cannot assure you that it will be able to protect its data catalog from unauthorized copying or theft or that such database will continue to operate adequately, without any technological challenges. In addition, it is possible that a competitor could develop a catalog or database that is similar to or more comprehensive than the Company’s data catalog, without infringing the Company’s rights. In the event its data catalog is damaged or is stolen, copied or otherwise replicated to compete with the Company, whether lawfully or not, the Company may lose an important competitive advantage and its business could be harmed.

 

Claims of intellectual property infringement by parts manufacturers, distributors or retailers to the validity of aftermarket parts and accessories or related marketing materials could adversely affect the Company’s business.

 

Parts manufacturers, distributors and retailers have asserted claims of intellectual property infringement against retailers of aftermarket products, including the Company. The Company has received in the past, and anticipates receiving in the future, communications alleging that certain products it sells infringe the patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade names or other intellectual property rights of parts manufacturers, distributors or retailers. Other parts retailers have also asserted ownership of product images that were provided by product vendors for the Company to use on its online platform. While the Company now has processes in place to prevent the use of unauthorized product images on its platform, there can be no assurance that such processes will work as intended or prevent future infringement claims.

 

Infringement claims could result in increased costs of doing business arising from new importing requirements, increased port and carrier fees and legal expenses, adverse judgments or settlements or changes to the Company’s business practices required to settle such claims or satisfy any judgments. Litigation or regulatory enforcement could also result in interpretations of the law that require the Company to change its business practices or otherwise increase its costs and harm its business. The Company may not maintain sufficient, or any, insurance coverage to cover the types of claims that could be asserted. If a successful claim were brought against the Company, it could expose the Company to significant liability.

 

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If the Company is unable to protect its intellectual property rights, its reputation and brand could be impaired and it could lose customers.

 

The Company regards its trademarks, trade secrets and similar intellectual property such as its “iD” brand, its proprietary digital commerce platform, its proprietary data catalog and its back-end order processing and fulfillment code and process as important to its success. The Company relies on trademark, patent and copyright law, and trade secret protection, and confidentiality and/or license agreements with employees, customers, partners and others to protect its proprietary rights. The Company cannot be certain that it has taken adequate steps to protect its proprietary rights, especially in countries where the laws may not protect its rights as fully as in the United States. In addition, the Company’s proprietary rights may be infringed or misappropriated, and the Company could be required to incur significant expenses in its efforts to preserve them. In the past, the Company has filed litigation to protect its intellectual property rights, including its “iD” brand. The outcome of such litigation can be uncertain, and the cost of prosecuting such litigation may have an adverse impact on the Company’s earnings. The Company has common law trademarks, as well as pending federal trademark registrations for several marks and several registered marks. However, any registrations may not adequately cover the Company’s intellectual property or protect it against infringement by others. Effective trademark, service mark, copyright, patent and trade secret protection may not be available in every country in which the Company’s products may be made available online. The Company also currently owns or controls a number of internet domain names, including www.carid.com, www.truckid.com, www.motorcycleid.com, www.powersportsid.com, www.camperid.com, www.boatid.com, www.recreationid.com and www.toolsid.com, and has invested time and money in the purchase of domain names and other intellectual property, which may be impaired if it cannot protect such intellectual property. The Company may be unable to protect these domain names or acquire or maintain relevant domain names in the United States and in other countries. If the Company is not able to protect its trademarks, domain names or other intellectual property, it may experience difficulties in achieving and maintaining brand recognition and customer loyalty.

 

The Company’s digital commerce platform is dependent on open-source software, which exposes it to uncertainty and potential liability.

 

The Company utilizes open-source software such as Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP, and Perl throughout its digital commerce platform and supporting infrastructure, although it has created proprietary programs. Open-source software is maintained and upgraded by a general community of software developers under various open-source licenses, including the GNU General Public License (“GPL”). These developers are under no obligation to maintain, enhance or provide any fixes or updates to this software in the future. Additionally, under the terms of the GPL and other open-source licenses, the Company may be forced to release to the public source-code internally developed by it pursuant to such licenses. Furthermore, if any of these developers contribute any code of others to any of the software that the Company uses, the Company may be exposed to claims and liability for intellectual property infringement and may also be forced to implement changes to the code-base for this software or replace this software with internally developed or commercially licensed software.

 

System failures, including failures due to natural disasters or other catastrophic events, could prevent access to the Company’s digital commerce platform, which could reduce its net sales and harm its reputation.

 

The Company’s sales would decline and it could lose existing or potential customers if it is not able to access its digital commerce platform or if its digital commerce platform, transactions processing systems or network infrastructure do not perform to its customers’ satisfaction. Any internet network interruptions or problems with the Company’s digital commerce platform could:

 

  prevent customers from accessing such digital commerce platform;

 

  reduce its ability to fulfill orders or bill customers;

 

  reduce the number of products that it sells;

 

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  cause customer dissatisfaction; or

 

  damage its brand and reputation.

 

The Company has experienced brief computer system interruptions in the past, and it believes they may continue to occur from time to time in the future. The Company’s systems and operations are also vulnerable to damage or interruption from a number of sources, including a natural disaster or other catastrophic event such as an earthquake, typhoon, volcanic eruption, fire, flood, tsunami, winter storms, terrorist attack, riots, social disturbances, political unrest, computer viruses, power loss, telecommunications failure, physical and electronic break-ins, hardware failures, hosting issues, domain name system issues, distributed denial-of-service attacks, content management system issues, malicious hackers, lapses in maintenance, and other similar events. The Company also maintains offshore and outsourced operations in the Philippines, an area that has been subjected to a typhoon and a volcanic eruption in the past, and Costa Rica, a seismically active region. The Company’s engineering and product data development team is located in Ukraine and Belarus, which have been the subject of political unrest. Natural disasters or other catastrophic events may recur in the future and could disrupt the operation of the Company’s business. The Company’s technology infrastructure is also vulnerable to computer viruses, physical or electronic break-ins, employee or contractor malfeasance and other disruptions, and not all of the Company’s systems and data are fully redundant. Any substantial disruption of the Company’s technology infrastructure could cause interruptions or delays in its business and loss of data or render it unable to accept and fulfill customer orders or operate its digital commerce platform in a timely manner, or at all.

 

Risks Related to Litigation

 

The Company’s business could be adversely affected by an ongoing legal proceeding with certain stockholders.

 

In March 2018, the founders of Onyx, predecessor to the Company, which founders then owned 48% of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock, filed a lawsuit against the then majority stockholder, which had acquired its 52% interest in Onyx in July 2015, and against Prashant Pathak, Chairman of the board of directors of the Company (the “Board”), and certain other individuals and affiliates related to the majority stockholder. The minority stockholders allege, among other things, that they agreed to sell their shares in Onyx in reliance upon statements of the majority stockholder, Mr. Pathak and the other defendants that they subsequently would bring additional investors and capital to Onyx, and that the defendants fraudulently and intentionally made material misstatements concerning Onyx’s valuation to potential investors. The claims of the minority stockholders involve various theories of fraud, breach of fiduciary duties, oppression of minority stockholders, and tortious interference with their prospective economic relations. None of the claims allege breach of any of the contracts entered into in connection with the July 2015 sale of shares to the majority stockholder. The majority stockholder filed counterclaims against the minority stockholders alleging breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, breach of contract and breach of implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, among other claims, and filed a third party claim against the Company for indemnification. The Company’s insurance carrier denied coverage for the indemnification claim by the majority stockholder, and the Company has created a reserve with respect to that claim.

 

On September 30, 2020 certain of Onyx’s minority stockholders filed a motion and form of order seeking to have one of its executive officers removed from his position, and demanding (i) that such officer repay all amounts paid to him since August 4, 2020, and (ii) that Onyx seek repayment of legal and auditing fees incurred. That motion was denied on January 21, 2021 by the Special Master. The Report of the Special Master is subject to review and approval by the Court.

 

Depending upon the outcome of certain claims in the legal proceeding, the Company could be responsible for reimbursement of fees, costs and expenses of the plaintiffs under its legacy indemnification obligations pursuant to indemnification contracts with the respective plaintiffs, its charter and bylaws and New Jersey law. While all or a portion of any such indemnification obligations may be paid by the Company’s directors’ and officers’ insurance, there can be no assurance as to the amounts that would be paid, if any, by the insurance carriers.

 

Additionally, among other forms of relief sought, the plaintiffs are seeking rescission of the sale of the 52% interest to the majority stockholder. If granted, a rescission could have a negative impact on the Company, including the transfer of a majority of its outstanding common stock to the minority stockholders. If any equitable adjustment of the ownership interests of the Company’s current majority stockholder is made, such actions could result in the resignation or removal of Mr. Pathak or the other designee of the majority stockholder from the Board and/or members of the Company’s management team. Accordingly, the legal proceeding could adversely affect the functioning of the Board and/or executive officers, lead to management distraction and interfere with the Company’s operations, any of which could materially and adversely harm the Company’s business and results of operation.

 

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In addition, on October 3, 2020, counsel to the defendants in the Stockholder Litigation (as defined in Note 6 of Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020) received a letter from counsel to the minority stockholders objecting to Onyx Enterprises Canada Inc.’s use of the “drag-along right” under Section 4.5 of the Stockholders Agreement, dated July 17, 2015 (the “Stockholders Agreement”), and the proxy granted pursuant to Section 5.1 of the Stockholders Agreement to execute (i) the stockholder written consent, dated September 18, 2020, approving the Business Combination Agreement and (ii) the Stockholder Support Agreement, dated October 30, 2020, in each case on behalf of the minority stockholders. The letter also described the Business Combination as unlawful and threatened further unspecified actions by the minority stockholders.

 

On October 15, 2020, the minority stockholders filed an order to show cause to preliminarily enjoin the Business Combination pending final adjudication of the Stockholder Litigation. On October 23, 2020, the Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Monmouth County refused to grant a preliminary injunction and set the hearing date on the order to show cause for December 4, 2020. On October 26, 2020, the minority stockholders filed an application for permission to file emergent motion to request a temporary restraining order preventing the closing of the Business Combination prior to the December 4th hearing with the Superior Court of New Jersey, Appellate Division, which such court denied. On October 27, 2020, the minority stockholders appealed the Appellate Division’s ruling to the Supreme Court of New Jersey. On October 28, 2020, the Supreme Court of New Jersey denied such appeal. On November 20, 2020, the minority stockholders requested another emergent motion before the Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Monmouth County for a temporary restraining order preventing the closing of the Business Combination. The Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Monmouth County denied that request by order dated November 20, 2020.

 

The Investor Stockholder and Principals filed a motion for summary judgment seeking dismissal of all of the claims brought by the Founder Stockholders, which motion was heard on February 19, 2021. On August 31, 2021, the court issued an order granting in part and denying in part the motion for summary judgment, by which order eight claims were dismissed and seven claims were preserved. Pursuant to the court’s opinion, all of the derivative claims brought by the plaintiffs were dismissed.

 

For additional information regarding legal actions, claims and administrative proceedings that management believes could have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows, including further information on the ongoing litigation with certain minority stockholders and the notice of violation it received from the EPA, see Note 6 of Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and Note 6 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

Because the Company is involved in litigation from time to time and is subject to numerous laws and governmental regulations, it could incur substantial judgments, fines, legal fees and other costs as well as reputational harm.

 

The Company is sometimes the subject of complaints or litigation from customers, employees, or other third parties for various reasons. For example, Stanislav Royzenshteyn, the former Chief Executive Officer of Onyx, a predecessor to the Company, alleged that Onyx failed to pay him amounts owed under his employment agreement, including, but not limited to, unpaid bonuses, salary, personal, sick and vacation days, and employment-related reimbursements. The damages sought against the Company in some of these litigation proceedings could be substantial. Although the Company maintains liability insurance for some litigation claims, if one or more of the claims were to greatly exceed its insurance coverage limits or if its insurance policies do not cover a claim, this could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

The Company is also subject to numerous federal, state and local laws and governmental regulations relating to, among other things, environmental protection, product quality and safety standards, labor and employment, discrimination, anti-bribery/anti-corruption, data privacy and income taxes. Compliance with existing and future laws and regulations could increase the cost of doing business and adversely affect the Company’s results of operations. If the Company fails to comply with existing or future laws or regulations, it may be subject to governmental or judicial fines or sanctions, while incurring substantial legal fees and costs, as well as reputational risk. In addition, the Company’s capital and operating expenses could increase due to remediation measures that may be required if the Company is found to be noncompliant with any existing or future laws or regulations.

 

For additional information regarding legal actions, claims and administrative proceedings that management believes could have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows, including ongoing litigation with certain minority stockholders and the notice of violation it received from the EPA, see Note 6 of Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and Note 6 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

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The Company faces exposure to product liability lawsuits.

 

The automotive industry in general has been subject to a large number of product liability claims due to the nature of personal injuries that result from car accidents or malfunctions. As a distributor of automotive parts and accessories, including parts and accessories obtained overseas, the Company could be held liable for the injury or damage caused if the products it sells are defective or malfunction, regardless of whether the product manufacturer is the party at fault. While the Company carries insurance against product liability claims, if the damages in any given action were high or the Company were subject to multiple lawsuits, the damages and costs could exceed the limits of its insurance coverage or prevent it from obtaining coverage in the future. If the Company were required to pay substantial damages as a result of these lawsuits, it may seriously harm its business and financial condition. Even defending against unsuccessful claims could cause the Company to incur significant expenses and result in a diversion of management’s attention. In addition, even if the money damages themselves did not cause substantial harm to the Company’s business, the damage to its reputation and the brands offered on its digital commerce platform could adversely affect its future reputation and its brand and could result in a decline in its net sales.

 

Risks Related to Ownership of our Common Stock

 

Concentration of ownership among certain stockholders may prevent other stockholders from influencing significant corporate decisions.

 

As of September 10, 2021, each of Prashant Pathak, Chairman of the Board of the Company and a director and President of Onyx Enterprises Canada Inc. (“OEC”), Roman Gerashenko and Stanislav Royzenshteyn, beneficially owned, directly or indirectly, approximately 42.93%, 18.25%, and 18.25%, respectively, of our outstanding Common Stock, and our directors and executive officers as a group beneficially owned approximately 46.94% of our outstanding Common Stock. As a result of their current holdings, these stockholders will be able to exercise a significant level of control over all matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors, any amendment of the Certificate of Incorporation and approval of significant corporate transactions. This control could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control or changes in management and will make the approval of certain transactions difficult or impossible without the support of these stockholders.

 

Sales of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock in the public market could cause the price of our common stock to fall.

 

Sales of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock in the public market or the perception that these sales might occur could depress the market price of our Common Stock and could impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities. We are unable to predict the effect that sales may have on the prevailing market price of our Common Stock. In addition, the sale of substantial amounts of our Common Stock could adversely impact its price.

 

The shares of Common Stock covered by this registration statement, pursuant to which certain stockholders may sell their shares, represent approximately 88.78% of our outstanding Common Stock. Sales, or the potential sales, of substantial numbers of shares in the public market by those selling stockholders upon termination of applicable contractual lock-up agreements, could increase the volatility of the market price of our Common Stock or adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock.

 

We have never paid dividends on our Common Stock, and we do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

We have never paid dividends on any of our capital stock and currently intend to retain any future earnings to fund the growth of our business. Any determination to pay dividends in the future will be at the discretion of the Board and will depend on our financial condition, operating results, capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors that the Board may deem relevant. As a result, capital appreciation, if any, of our Common Stock will be the sole source of gain for the foreseeable future. 

 

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Our stock price is volatile, and you may not be able to sell shares of our Common Stock at or above the price you paid.

 

The trading price of our Common Stock is volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to various factors, some of which are beyond our control. Between February 19, 2021 and September 10, 2021, the closing price of our Common Stock ranged from $5.07 to $9.00 per share. These factors include:

 

  actual or anticipated fluctuations in operating results;

 

  failure to meet or exceed financial estimates and projections of the investment community or that we provide to the public;

 

  issuance of new or updated research or reports by securities analysts or changed recommendations for our stock or the transportation industry in general;

 

  announcements by us or our competitors of significant acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures, collaborations or capital commitments;

 

  operating and share price performance of other companies that investors deem comparable to us;

 

  our focus on long-term goals over short-term results;

 

  the timing and magnitude of our investments in the growth of our business;

 

  actual or anticipated changes in laws and regulations affecting our business;

 

  additions or departures of key management or other personnel;

 

  disputes or other developments related to our intellectual property or other proprietary rights, including litigation;

 

  our ability to market new and enhanced products and technologies on a timely basis;

 

  sales of substantial amounts of the Common Stock by the Board, executive officers or significant stockholders or the perception that such sales could occur;

 

  changes in our capital structure, including future issuances of securities or the incurrence of debt; and

 

  general economic, political and market conditions.

 

In addition, the stock market in general, and the NYSE American in particular, has experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. Broad market and industry factors may seriously affect the market price of our Common Stock, regardless of our actual operating performance. In addition, in the past, following periods of volatility in the overall market and the market price of a particular company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against these companies. This litigation, if instituted against us, could result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management’s attention and resources.

 

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Risks Related to Our Being a Public Company

 

We will incur significant increased expenses and administrative burdens as a public company, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We face increased legal, accounting, administrative and other costs and expenses as a public company that we did not incur as a private company. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), including the requirements of Section 404, as well as rules and regulations subsequently implemented by the SEC, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 and the rules and regulations promulgated and to be promulgated thereunder, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (the “PCAOB”) and the securities exchanges, impose additional reporting and other obligations on public companies. Compliance with public company requirements will increase costs and make certain activities more time-consuming. A number of those requirements require us to carry out activities that Onyx, as a private company, had not done previously. For example, we created new board committees and have adopted new internal controls and disclosure controls and procedures. In addition, expenses associated with SEC reporting requirements will be incurred. Furthermore, if any issues in complying with those requirements are identified (for example, if the auditors identify a material weakness or significant deficiency in the internal control over financial reporting), we could incur additional costs rectifying those issues, and the existence of those issues could adversely affect our reputation or investor perceptions of it. In addition, we have obtained director and officer liability insurance. Risks associated with our status as a public company may make it more difficult to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on the Board or as executive officers. The additional reporting and other obligations imposed by these rules and regulations increase legal and financial compliance costs and the costs of related legal, accounting and administrative activities. These increased costs will require us to divert a significant amount of money that could otherwise be used to expand the business and achieve strategic objectives. Advocacy efforts by stockholders and third parties may also prompt additional changes in governance and reporting requirements, which could further increase costs. 

 

Our failure to timely and effectively implement controls and procedures required by Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

As a public company, we are required to provide management’s attestation on internal controls. The standards required for a public company under Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act are significantly more stringent than those required of Onyx as a private company. Management may not be able to effectively and timely implement controls and procedures that adequately respond to the increased regulatory compliance and reporting requirements now applicable to it. If we are not able to implement the additional requirements of Section 404(a) in a timely manner or with adequate compliance, we may not be able to assess whether our internal controls over financial reporting are effective, which may subject us to adverse regulatory consequences and could harm investor confidence and the market price of our securities.

 

Our management has limited experience in operating a public company.

 

Our executive officers have limited experience in the management of a publicly traded company. Our management team may not successfully or effectively manage our transition to a public company that will be subject to significant regulatory oversight and reporting obligations under federal securities laws. Their limited experience in dealing with the increasingly complex laws pertaining to public companies could be a significant disadvantage in that it is likely that an increasing amount of their time may be devoted to these activities which will result in less time being devoted to the management and growth of the Company. We may not have adequate personnel with the appropriate level of knowledge, experience, and training in the accounting policies, practices or internal controls over financial reporting required of public companies in the United States. The development and implementation of the standards and controls necessary for the Company to achieve the level of accounting standards required of a public company in the United States may require costs greater than expected. It is possible that we will be required to expand our employee base and hire additional employees to support our operations as a public company which will increase our operating costs in future periods.

 

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If we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, a bankruptcy court may seek to recover the proceeds from our trust account that was set up when we were a special purpose acquisition company, and the members of our Board may be viewed as having breached their fiduciary duties to our creditors, thereby exposing us and the members of our Board to claims of punitive damages.

 

If we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, any distributions received by stockholders holding shares of Common Stock could be viewed under applicable debtor/creditor and/or bankruptcy laws as either a “preferential transfer” or a “fraudulent conveyance.” As a result, a bankruptcy court could seek to recover all amounts received by our stockholders holding shares of Common Stock. In addition, our Board may be viewed as having breached its fiduciary duty to our creditors and/or having acted in bad faith, thereby exposing us and our Board to claims of punitive damages, by paying our stockholders holding shares of Common Stock from our trust account prior to addressing the claims of creditors.

 

The Company is an “emerging growth company” and a “smaller reporting company” and the reduced disclosure and governance requirements applicable to those types of companies may make its securities less attractive to investors.

 

The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act. As an emerging growth company, the Company is not required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which would require the Company’s internal control over financial reporting to be audited by its independent registered public accounting firm, has reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and is exempt from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. Additionally, as an emerging growth company, the Company has elected to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies (as defined under Section 2(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act). As such, the Company’s financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates.

 

The Company also is a “smaller reporting company” under Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. As a smaller reporting company, the Company is entitled to rely on certain exemptions and reduced disclosure requirements, such as simplified executive compensation disclosures and reduced financial statement disclosure requirements, in the Company’s SEC filings.

 

These exemptions and decreased disclosures in the Company’s SEC filings due to our status as an emerging growth company and a smaller reporting company may make it harder for investors to analyze the Company’s results of operations and financial prospects. Investors may find our Common Stock less attractive because we rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our Common Stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our Common Stock and our Common Stock price may be more volatile. 

 

If securities or industry analysts do not publish or cease publishing research or reports about the Company, its business or its market, or if they adversely change their recommendations regarding the Common Stock, the price and trading volume of the Common Stock could decline.

 

The trading market for our Common Stock is influenced by the research and reports that industry or securities analysts may publish about the Company, its business, market or competitors. Securities and industry analysts may never publish research on the Company. If no securities or industry analysts commence coverage of the Company, its stock price and trading volume would likely be negatively impacted. If any of the analysts who may cover the Company change their recommendation regarding its Common Stock adversely, or provide more favorable relative recommendations about its competitors, the price of its Common Stock would likely decline. If any analyst who may cover the Company were to cease coverage of the Company or fail to regularly publish reports on it, it could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause the Company’s stock price or trading volume to decline.

 

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Certain minority stockholders of the Company could engage in activities that might be disruptive of the Company’s ongoing business.

 

Certain minority stockholders of the Company could engage in litigation against the Company and its directors seeking monetary damages and/or potentially distracting the Company’s directors and officers from executing upon the Company’s business plans, and could engage in shareholder activism that may be disruptive to the Company. See “—The Company’s business could be adversely affected by an ongoing legal proceeding with certain stockholders” for more information regarding litigation brought by these minority stockholders prior to the Business Combination.

 

The Company’s Certificate of Incorporation designates the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by the Company’s stockholders, which could limit its stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with the Company or its directors, officers, employees or stockholders.

 

Our Certificate of Incorporation provides that, subject to limited exceptions, (i) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of the Company, (ii) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer or other employee of the Company to the Company or the stockholders of the Company, (iii) any action asserting a claim against the Company, its directors, officers or employees arising pursuant to any provision of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the “DGCL”) or the second amended and restated certificate of incorporation or the amended and restated bylaws of the Company (the “Bylaws”), or (iv) any action asserting a claim against the Company, its directors, officers or employees is governed by the internal affairs doctrine. The Company’s bylaws designate the federal district courts of the United States as the exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action arising under the Securities Act. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of Common Stock shall be deemed to have notice of and to have consented to the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation and bylaws described above. In addition, Section 22 of the Securities Act provides that federal and state courts have concurrent jurisdiction over lawsuits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. To the extent the exclusive forum provision restricts the courts in which claims arising under the Securities Act may be brought, there is uncertainty as to whether a court would enforce such a provision. We note that investors cannot waive compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. This choice of forum provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with the Company or its directors, officers or other employees, which may discourage such lawsuits against the Company and its directors, officers and employees. Alternatively, if a court were to find these provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation inapplicable to, or unenforceable in respect of, one or more of the specified types of actions or proceedings, the Company may incur additional costs associated with resolving such matters in other jurisdictions, which could adversely affect the Company’s business and financial condition.

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

 

We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of our Common Stock by the Selling Stockholders.  All of the shares of Common Stock offered by the Selling Stockholders pursuant to this prospectus will be sold by the Selling Stockholders for their respective accounts.

 

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DETERMINATION OF OFFERING PRICE

 

We cannot currently determine the price or prices at which shares of our Common Stock may be sold by the Selling Stockholders under this prospectus.

 

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MARKET FOR COMMON EQUITY AND DIVIDEND POLICY

 

Market Information, Holders, and Dividends

 

Our Common Stock is listed on the NYSE American under the symbol “ID”. Prior to the consummation of the Business Combination, our Common Stock was listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “LGC”. As of September 10, 2021, there were 78 holders of record of our Common Stock.

 

We have not paid any cash dividends on our Common Stock to date. We intend to retain future earnings, if any, for future operations, expansion and debt repayment and have no current plans to pay cash dividends for the foreseeable future. Any decision to declare and pay dividends in the future will be made at the discretion of the Board and will depend on, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, cash requirements, contractual restrictions and other factors that the Board may deem relevant. In addition, our ability to pay dividends may be limited by covenants of any existing and future outstanding indebtedness we or our subsidiaries incur. We do not anticipate declaring any cash dividends to holders of our Common Stock in the foreseeable future.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

 

As of December 31, 2020, 4,904,596 shares of Common Stock were authorized to be issued under the 2020 EIP and 2,043,582 shares of Common Stock were authorized to be issued under the 2020 ESPP (the 2020 ESPP together with the 2020 EIP, the “Plans”). No awards had been issued under the Plans as of December 31, 2020.

 

On February 11, 2021, we filed a Registration Statement on Form S-8 under the Securities Act to register the shares of Common Stock issuable under the Plans, which Registration Statement became effective automatically upon filing.

 

On March 11, 2021, pursuant to the 2020 EIP, each of our seven directors received 7,142 restricted stock units, which vest in full on November 20, 2021, and will be settled in shares of Common Stock on a one-for-one basis. On April 16, 2021, our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer, and VP of Vendor Relations received 130,000, 125,000, 125,000, and 120,000 restricted stock units, respectively, which vest in three equal annual installments, subject to continued employment, on November 20, 2021, November 20, 2022, and November 20, 2023, and will be settled in shares of Common Stock on a one-for-one basis. During the second quarter of 2021, other employees and consultants received an aggregate of 1,739,575 restricted stock units, which will vest in equal installments on November 20, 2021, 2022 and 2023. In addition, during the second quarter of 2021, the Company granted 622,500 performance-based stock units (“PSUs”) to several employees and consultants that contain both service and performance-based vesting conditions. The PSUs will vest in March 2024 based upon the level of achievement of several Company-specific operational performance milestones for the three years ended December 31, 2023, as determined by the Compensation Committee of the Company. On June 8, 2021, pursuant to the 2020 EIP, each of our seven directors received 8,116 restricted stock units, which vest in full on the earlier of one year after the date of grant or the date of the Company’s 2022 annual meeting of stockholders, and will be settled in shares of Common Stock on a one-for-one basis. As of September 10, 2021, 4,904,596 shares of Common Stock were reserved and available for future issuances under the 2020 EIP, of which 2,968,881 shares were subject to outstanding awards. As of that date, no awards had been issued under the 2020 ESPP.

 

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR PARTS iD, INC.

 

The following discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations of PARTS iD, Inc. should be read together with PARTS iD’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, together with related notes thereto, included elsewhere in this prospectus. The discussion and analysis should also be read together with the section entitled “Business.” The following discussion contains forward-looking statements. Our actual results may differ significantly from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause future results to differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those discussed in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Forward-Looking Statements.” For the purposes of this section, “we,” “us,” “our,” “Onyx,” the “Company” and “PARTS iD” each refer to Onyx prior to the closing of the Business Combination and PARTS iD, Inc. following the closing of the Business Combination, as the context indicates, unless the context otherwise refers to Legacy.

 

Overview

 

PARTS iD, Inc. is a technology-driven, digital commerce company focused on creating custom infrastructure and unique user experiences within niche markets. PARTS iD was originally founded in 2008 as Onyx Enterprises, Int’l, Corp. Our vision is to develop a leading technology platform purpose-built for purchasing complex parts and accessories for all vehicle types with a complete repository of fitment data, and to deliver an unrivaled parts and accessories shopping experience of extraordinary choice, competitive prices, and fast delivery.

 

The success of CARiD.com has inspired pursuit of our long-term strategy to scale into similar markets via our proprietary built, modular digital commerce technology platform. While our core focus continues to be automotive, in August 2018, we launched seven new verticals (including BOATiD.com, MOTORCYCLEiD.com, CAMPERiD.com and more) which demonstrates fungibility of our technology platform. These verticals address similar market challenges and focus on the enthusiasts’ needs through our seamless shopping experience using proprietary tools and techniques.

 

Although the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has caused an economic downturn on a global scale, disrupted global supply chains, and created significant uncertainty, volatility, and disruption across economies, it has also led to an increased adoption of online shopping by consumers, which has had a positive effect on the Company’s revenue. Despite increases in order cancellations and delivery times, the Company has largely been successful in managing its supply chain to date.

 

We have made significant investments to provide an enhanced experience to our diverse base of “do-it-yourself” (“DIY”), “do-it-for-me” (“DIFM”) and PRO (mechanics) customers. As of June 30, 2021, we had over 1,000 active product vendors with their many shipping locations across the nation. This distributed, inventory-light fulfillment model allowed us to offer customers over 17 million SKUs on the platform as of June 30, 2021. Furthermore, our proprietary fulfillment algorithm determines and selects the most optimal fulfillment location based on inventory availability and proximity to the customer, thereby providing faster delivery speed and decreasing the total cost to the customer. We continue to focus on improving our product offerings in the catalog, specifically for new verticals, original equipment (“OE”) and repair parts business.

 

Despite a decrease in traffic in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same prior year periods, we experienced better conversions and higher average order values, which contributed to an increase of 5.6% and 28.8% in the total value of orders received in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, over the same prior year periods. By category of accessories and parts, the primary drivers of the increases in the total value of orders received were increases in Wheels and Tires by 20.3% and 47.4%, and in Repair parts by 17.3% and 28.9%, in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.

 

We have also been focused on increasing our presence in the DIFM segment of the automotive aftermarket industry, including growing related partnerships, and we chose to invest in a tire installation network as our first step. Using our purpose-built data architecture and differentiated technology, consumers can visit CARiD.com, research and choose from a wide variety of tires, and in the same transaction select a tire installation center near them and schedule an appointment. Through partnerships with tire installation businesses, we had 2,117 active tire installation locations nationwide as of June 30, 2021. We recently made a technical enhancement in the process of adding new locations, and management now expects steady growth in the number of installation locations in the near future. The tire installation network initiative is one of many programs we are working on to advance CARiD.com’s position as a one-stop shop and seamless solution for all car enthusiast needs.  

 

Management continues to focus on several other efforts to drive growth, including product cultivation, vendor optimization, distribution network expansion and marketing diversification.

 

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Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic

 

The global spread of COVID-19 and related measures to contain its spread (such as government-mandated business closures and shelter-in-place guidelines) have created significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption. Recently, the extent and severity of the pandemic and such containment measures have abated somewhat due to the general public’s utilization of COVID-19 vaccines. However, public concern over COVID-19 remains, and related containment measures may increase in the future, especially due to the recent spread of COVID-19 variants.

 

Although the COVID-19 pandemic and related measures to contain its spread have not adversely affected the Company’s results of operations to date, they have adversely affected certain components of the Company’s business, including by increasing cancellations (which can result in an increase in advertisement costs), shipping times and costs and inefficiencies in sourcing products. In future periods, the pandemic might cause shipping difficulties, including slowed deliveries to customers; the potential for increased cancellations by customers; and the ability of consumers to pay for products. Although consumer demand for and the inventory of the Company’s products have remained stable, in future periods the COVID-19 pandemic could have an adverse impact on the Company through reduced consumer demand for or inventory of its products. If there is a prolonged impact of COVID-19, it could adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, perhaps materially. The future impact of COVID-19 and these containment measures cannot be predicted with certainty and may increase the Company’s borrowing costs, if any, and other costs of capital and otherwise adversely affect its business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the Company cannot assure that it will have access to external financing at times and on terms it considers acceptable, or at all, or that it will not experience other liquidity issues going forward. For more information on the risks the COVID-19 pandemic poses to the business, see “Risk Factors” in this prospectus.

 

Key Financial and Operating Metrics

 

We measure our business using financial and operating metrics, as well as non-GAAP financial measures. See “Results of Operations – Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for more information on non-GAAP financial measures. We monitor several key business metrics to evaluate our business, measure our performance, develop financial forecasts and make strategic decisions, including the following:

 

Traffic and Engagement Metrics

 

For the three months ended June 30,

 

   2021   2020   Change   % Change 
Number of Users   31,984,337    39,014,126    (7,029,789)   (18.02)%
Number of Sessions   59,523,329    76,376,487    (16,853,158)   (22.07)%
Bounce Rate   13.45%   14.57%   (1.12)%   (7.70)%
Number of Pageviews   255,491,738    323,963,567    (68,471,829)   (21.14)%
Pages/Session   4.29    4.24    0.05    1.19%
Average Session Duration   0:03:25    0:03:31    (0:00:06)    (2.84)%

 

For the six months ended June 30,

 

   2021   2020   Change   % Change 
Number of Users   64,637,688    69,834,009    (5,196,321)   (7.44)%
Number of Sessions   124,272,640    136,942,111    (12,669,471)   (9.25)%
Bounce Rate   13.73%   14.77%   (1.03)%   (7.01)%
Number of Pageviews   541,368,091    579,584,869    (38,216,778)   (6.59)%
Pages/Session   4.36    4.23    0.13    2.93%
Average Session Duration   0:03:26    0:03:29    (0:00:03)    (1.44)%

  

For the year ended December 31,

 

    2020      2019      YoY Change    % Change 
Number of Users   139,131,292    115,975,117    23,156,175    19.97%
Number of Sessions   279,004,608    224,548,582    54,456,026    24.25%
Bounce Rate   15.06%   13.44%   1.62%   12.06%
Number of Pageviews   1,165,312,820    977,288,533    188,024,287    19.24%
Pages/Sessions   4.18    4.35    (0.17)   (4.03)%
Average Session Duration     0:03:26        0:03:28        (0:00:02 )    (1.27)%

 

We use the metrics above to gauge our ability to acquire targeted traffic and keep users engaged. This information informs us of how effective our proprietary technology, data, and content is, and helps us define our strategic roadmap and key initiatives.

 

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Results of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

   Three months ended June 30,   Change 
   2021   % of Rev.   2020   % of Rev.   Amount   % 
Revenue, net  $130,409,332        $113,853,524        $16,555,808    14.5%
Cost of goods sold   104,270,051    80.0%   89,655,601    78.7%   14,614,450    16.3%
Gross profit   26,139,281    20.0%   24,197,923    21.3%   1,941,358    8.0%
Gross Margin   20.0%        21.3%               
Operating expenses                              
Advertising   10,907,319    8.4%   9,296,637    8.2%   1,610,682    17.3%
Selling, general & administrative   12,603,017    9.7%   10,076,998    8.9%   2,526,019    25.1%
Depreciation   1,819,581    1.4%   1,783,415    1.6%   36,166    2.0%
Total operating expenses   25,329,917    19.4%   21,157,050    18.6%   4,172,867    19.7%
Income from operations   809,364    0.6%   3,040,873    2.7%   (2,231,509)   (11.7)%
Interest expense   395    0.0%   1,038    0.0%   (643)   (61.9)%
Income before income tax   808,969    0.6%   3,039,835    2.7%   (2,230,866)   (73.4)%
Income tax expense   182,857    0.1%   766,120    0.7%   (583,263)   (76.1)%
Net income  $626,112    0.5%  $2,273,715    2.0%  $(1,647,603)   (72.5)%

 

   Six months ended June 30,   Change 
   2021   % of Rev.   2020   % of Rev.   Amount   % 
Revenue, net  $239,482,960        $184,579,489        $54,903,471    29.7%
Cost of goods sold   190,510,070    79.6%   145,212,766    78.7%   45,297,304    31.2%
Gross profit   48,972,890    20.4%   39,366,723    21.3%   9,606,167    24.4%
Gross Margin   20.4%        21.3%               
Operating expenses                              
Advertising   21,406,705    8.9%   15,390,787    8.3%   6,015,918    39.1%
Selling, general & administrative   23,961,724    10.0%   18,748,252    10.2%   5,213,472    27.8%
Depreciation   3,593,354    1.5%   3,308,098    1.8%   285,256    8.6%
Total operating expenses   48,961,783    20.4%   37,447,137    20.3%   11,514,646    30.7%
Income from operations   11,107    0.0%   1,919,586    1.0%   (1,908,479)   (6.3)%
Interest expense   6,885    0.0%   6,821    0.0%   64    0.9%
Income before income tax   4,222    0.0%   1,912,765    1.0%   (1,908,543)   (99.8)%
Income tax expense   22,923    0.0%   483,620    0.3%   (460,697)   (95.3)%
Net income (loss)  $(18,701)   0.0%  $1,429,145    0.8%  $(1,447,846)   (101.3)%

  

Revenue

 

Revenue increased $16.6 million, or 14.5%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $54.9 million, or 29.7%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the same prior year periods. These increases were primarily attributable to increases in conversion rates by 9.2% and 19.9% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and in average order values by 20.0% and 16.4% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, partially offset by a decrease in traffic in both periods. The increases in conversion rates were primarily attributable to product growth in new verticals, search engine bidding automation and optimization, and increased e-commerce adoption. The increases in average order values were primarily attributable to increases in average numbers of items per order and changes in the mix of categories of items sold in the relevant periods.

 

Cost of Goods Sold

 

Cost of goods sold is composed of product cost, the associated fulfillment and handling costs charged by vendors, if any, and shipping costs. In the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, cost of goods sold increased by $14.6 million, or 16.3%, and $45.3 million, or 31.2%, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases in cost of goods sold were primarily driven by increases in the number of orders or the products sold as well as increases in shipping costs

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, cost of goods sold was 80.0% and 79.6% of revenue, respectively, compared to 78.7% of revenue in each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. The 1.3% and 0.9% increases in cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue, respectively, were primarily attributable to increases in shipping costs and pricing and promotional tests in some categories. Management expects that these shipping cost pressures will ease as our supply chain becomes more efficient, which management expects will be the case if the current abatement of the COVID-19 pandemic and related containment measures continue. 

 

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Gross Profit and Gross Margin

 

Gross profit increased $1.9 million or 8.0%, and $9.6 million or 24.4%, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases were primarily attributable to the 14.5% and 29.7% increases in revenue in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, partially offset by increased shipping costs and pricing and promotional tests.

 

Gross margin of 20.0% and 20.4% in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, was lower than the gross margin of 21.3% in each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, primarily attributable to increases in shipping costs and pricing and promotional tests designed to maximize revenue and gross profit.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Advertising expenses increased $1.6 million or 17.3%, and $6.0 million or 39.1%, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases in advertising costs were primarily attributable to (i) an increase in cost-per-click, (ii) a change in the mix of advertising channels used, and (iii) testing of new advertising campaigns and content development. Management believes investment in advertisement is one of the key drivers of revenue and its efficiency is measured by management in terms of revenue per advertisement dollar spent.

 

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased $2.5 million, or 25.1%, and $5.2 million, or 27.8%, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases were primarily attributable to an increase of (i) $1.3 million and $1.3 million, respectively, of non-cash share-based expenses, (ii) $1.1 million and $2.2 million, respectively, of public company operating expenses, and (iii) $0.2 million and $1.3 million, respectively, in merchant services provider processing fees in line with the increase in revenue.

 

Depreciation expenses increased $0.04 million, or 2.0%, and $0.3 million, or 8.6%, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. 

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense decreased by $643, or 61.9%, and increased by $64, or 0.9%, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Income Tax Expenses

 

Income tax expenses decreased by $0.6 million, or 76.1%, and $0.5 million, or 95.3%, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the effective income tax rate was 22.6% and 542.94%, respectively, compared to 25.2% and 25.28% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. The changes in rate were primarily attributable to changes in state taxes and expenses not deductible for income tax purposes.

 

Results of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

   Years ended December 31,   Change from previous year 
   2020   % of Revenue   2019   % of Revenue   Dollars   Percentage 
Revenues, net  $400,832,371        $287,820,277        $113,012,094    39.3%
Cost of goods sold   315,027,012    78.6%   226,603,934    78.7%   88,423,078    39.0%
Gross profit   85,805,359    21.4%   61,216,343    21.3%   24,589,016    40.2%
Gross margin   21.4%        21.3%               
Operating expenses                              
Advertising   33,359,299    8.3%   20,986,879    7.3%   12,372,420    59.0%
Selling, general & administrative   44,266,151    11.0%   35,147,259    12.2%   9,118,892    25.9%
Depreciation   6,859,237    1.7%   5,847,413    2.0%   1,011,824    17.3%
Total operating expenses   84,484,687    21.1%   61,981,551    21.5%   22,503,136    36.3%
Income (loss) from operations   1,320,672    0.3%   (765,208)   -0.3%   2,085,880    272.6%
Other expenses                              
Interest expense   8,395    0.0%   34,534    0.0%   (26,139)   -75.7%
Income (loss) before income tax   1,312,277    0.2%   (799,742)   -0.3%   2,112,019    264.1%
Income tax benefit   (801,552)   -0.2%   (143,902)   0.0%   (657,650)   457.0%
Net income (loss)  $2,113,829    0.5%  $(655,840)   -0.2%  $2,769,669    422.3%

 

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Revenues

 

Revenues increased $113.0 million, or 39.3%, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. This increase was primarily attributable to a 24.3% increase in website traffic and a 19.0% increase in the conversion rate compared to the year 2019.

 

The increase in website traffic and the conversion rate was primarily attributable to product growth in new verticals, search engine bidding automation and optimization, and increased e-commerce adoption due to COVID-19.

 

Apart from consumer behavior, sales promotions such as free shipping, discounted shipping and discounted product pricing can impact conversion rates, average order value, sales volume and margin in varying amounts depending on the type of promotion, the effective promotional value, the length of the promotion, the specific products, brands and categories the promotions are applied to, and the promotional and pricing strategies and activities of competitors for the same or similar products during the period. PARTS iD measures the impact from pricing and promotional strategies using methods like A/B testing, discount code redemptions and sequential analysis among others.

 

Cost of Goods Sold

 

Cost of goods sold is composed of product cost, the associated fulfillment and handling costs charged by vendors, if any, and shipping costs. In the year ended December 31, 2020, cost of goods sold increased by $88.4 million, or 39.0%, compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. The increase in cost of goods sold was primarily driven by an increased sourcing of products sold, which led to a 39.3% increase in revenues compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. For the year ended December 31, 2020, the cost of goods sold was 78.6% of revenues, consistent with 78.7% of revenues in the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Gross Profit and Gross Margin

 

Gross profit increased $24.6 million, or 40.2%, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. This increase was primarily attributable to the 39.3% increase in revenue in the year ended December 31, 2020. Gross margin in the year ended December 31, 2020 of 21.4% was slightly higher than the gross margin of 21.3% in 2019. 

 

Operating Expenses

 

Advertising expenses increased $12.4 million, or 59.0%, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. This increase in advertising costs was primarily attributable to (i) an increase in paid traffic in the year ended December 31, 2020, (ii) a change in the mix of advertising channels used, and (iii) testing of new social media advertising campaigns and development of commercials for connected TV marketing.

 

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased $9.1 million, or 25.9%, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. This increase was primarily attributable to an increase of (i) $2.7 million in merchant services provider processing fees in line with the increase in revenue, (ii) $5.5 million of Business Combination deal expenses, and (iii) small changes in other operational costs. Despite the $5.5 million in Business Combination deal expenses, as a percentage of revenue, SG&A expenses decreased from 12.2% to 11.0%, reflecting greater operating cost leverage on higher revenues during the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Depreciation expenses increased $1.0 million, or 17.3%, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. This increase was primarily attributable to prior years’ website and software development combined with a marginal increase in website and software development costs during the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense decreased by $26.1 thousand, or 75.7%, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. This decrease in terms of dollar amount was not material.

 

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Income Tax Expenses

 

Income tax expenses decreased by $0.7 million, or 457.0%, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. This change was primarily attributable to deferred tax benefits relating to startup cost incurred by Legacy prior to closing of the Business Combination. For the year ended December 31, 2020, the effective income tax rate was (61.1%) compared to 18.4% for the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease in rate was primarily attributable to differences in expenses not deductible for income tax purposes and recognition of benefits accruing due to start-up costs incurred by the Company for the period prior to the closing of the Business Combination.

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

 

This prospectus includes non-GAAP financial measures that differ from financial measures calculated in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). These non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similar measures reported by other companies and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, or superior to, other measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Management uses non-GAAP financial measures internally to evaluate the performance of the business. Additionally, management believes certain non-GAAP measures provide meaningful incremental information to investors to consider when evaluating the performance of the Company.

 

To this end, we provide EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA, which are non-GAAP financial measures. EBITDA consists of net income (loss) plus (a) interest expense; (b) income tax provision (or less benefit); and (c) depreciation expense. Adjusted EBITDA consists of EBITDA plus costs, fees, expenses, write offs and other items that do not impact the fundamentals of our operations, as described further below following the reconciliation of these metrics. Management believes these non-GAAP measures provide useful information to investors in their assessment of the performance of our business. The exclusion of certain expenses in calculating EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA facilitates operating performance comparisons on a period-to-period basis as these costs may vary independent of business performance. Accordingly, we believe that EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our operating results in the same manner as our management and the Board.

 

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA have limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider these measures in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

 

  Although depreciation is a non-cash charge, the assets being depreciated may have to be replaced in the future, and EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect cash capital expenditure requirements for such replacements or for new capital expenditure requirements;
     
  EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect changes in our working capital;
     
  EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect income tax payments that may represent a reduction in cash available to us;
     
  EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect depreciation and interest expenses associated with the lease financing obligations; and
     
  Other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently, which reduces its usefulness as a comparative measure.

 

Because of these limitations, you should consider EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA alongside other financial performance measures, including various cash flow metrics, net income (loss) and our other GAAP results.

 

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The following tables reflect the reconciliation of net income (loss) to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for each of the periods indicated.

 

   Three months ended June 30,   Six months ended June 30, 
   2021   2020   2021   2020 
Adjusted EBITDA                
Net income (loss)  $626,112   $2,273,715   $(18,701)  $1,429,145 
Interest expense   395    1,038    6,885    6,821 
Income tax expense (benefit)   182,857    766,120    22,923    483,620 
Depreciation   1,819,581    1,783,415    3,593,354    3,308,098 
EBITDA   2,628,945    4,824,288    3,604,461    5,227,684 
Stock compensation expenses included in Statement of operations   1,292,604    -    1,321,428    - 
Founder’s compensation(1)   -    570,818    -    782,705 
Legal & settlement expenses (gains) (2)   239,761    (79,495)   483,186    (49,237)
Other items(3)   -    177,181    -    215,162 
Adjusted EBITDA Total  $4,161,310   $5,492,792   $5,409,075   $6,176,314 
% of revenue   3.2%   4.8%   2.3%   3.3%

 

(1) Represents the excess compensation paid to one of the founders of Onyx over the amount management believes would have been the compensation of an independent professional CEO for the applicable reporting periods.
(2) Represents legal and settlement expenses and gains related to significant matters that do not impact the fundamentals of our operations, pertaining to: (i) causes of action between certain of the Company’s shareholders and which involves claims directly against the Company seeking the fulfillment of alleged indemnification obligations with respect to these matters, and (ii) trademark and IP protection cases. We are involved in routine IP litigation, commercial litigation and other various litigation matters. We review litigation matters from both a qualitative and quantitative perspective to determine if excluding the losses or gains will provide our investors with useful incremental information. Litigation matters can vary in their characteristics, frequency and significance to our operating results.
(3) Includes write-offs of advances and certain fraud loss claims from earlier years that we determined were uncollectible.

 

Net income decreased by $1.6 million and $1.4 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, as compared to the same prior year periods. The decreases in net income were primarily driven by incremental public company costs of $1,076,913 and $2,247,450 for those periods, respectively, increases in non-cash stock compensation, and increases in advertisement costs, as discussed above. The year-over-year decreases in Adjusted EBITDA for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 were attributable to these decreases in net income, partially offset by founders compensation and other items during the 2020 periods not recurring in the 2021 periods, as noted in the reconciliation table above.

 

   Years ended
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
Net income (loss)  $2,113,829   $(655,840)
Adjustments:          
Interest expense   8,395    34,534 
Income taxes (benefits)   (801,552)   (143,902)
Depreciation   6,859,237    5,847,413 
EBITDA   8,179,909    5,082,205 
Additional Adjustments:          
Business combination transaction expenses(1)   5,544,520    - 
Founder’s compensation(2)   687,692    965,003 
Legal & settlement expenses and gains(3)   725,081    416,776 
Other items(4)   291,164    95,237 
Adjusted EBITDA Total  $15,428,366   $6,559,221 

 

  (1) Represents the expenses incurred solely related to the Business Combination that closed in November 2020. It primarily includes investment banker fees, legal fees, professional fees for accountants and SEC and Hart-Scott-Rodino filing fees.

 

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  (2) Represents the excess compensation paid to one of the two founders of Onyx over the amount management believes would have been the compensation of an independent professional CEO for the applicable reporting periods.

  (3) Represents legal and settlement expenses and gains related to significant matters that do not impact the fundamentals of our operations, pertaining to: (i) expenses of $596,043 ($104,776 for 2019) relating to causes of action between certain of the Company’s shareholders and which involves claims directly against the Company seeking the fulfillment of alleged indemnification obligations with respect to these matters, (ii) expenses of $278,086 ($0 in 2019) relating to trademark and IP protection cases, (iii) expenses of $87,952 ($0 in 2019) relating to the forgone sales of certain private label products pursuant to a settlement of a trademark claim, and (iv) gains of $237,000 (expense of $312,000 in 2019) relating to settlements of CARB and EPA matters. We are involved in routine IP litigation, commercial litigation and other various litigation matters. We review litigation matters from both a qualitative and quantitative perspective to determine if excluding the losses or gains will provide our investors with useful incremental information. Litigation matters can vary in their characteristics, frequency and significance to our operating results.

  (4) Includes write-offs of advances and certain fraud loss claims from earlier years that we determined were uncollectible.

 

Free Cash Flow

 

To provide investors with additional information regarding our financial results, we have also disclosed free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure that we calculate as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities less capital expenditures (which consist of purchases of property and equipment and website and software development costs). We have provided a reconciliation below of free cash flow to net cash provided by operating activities, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

 

We have included free cash flow in this prospectus because it is an important indicator of our liquidity as it measures the amount of cash we generate. Accordingly, we believe that free cash flow provides useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our operating results in the same manner as our management.

 

Free cash flow has limitations as a financial measure, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. There are limitations to using non-GAAP financial measures, including that other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate free cash flow differently. Because of these limitations, you should consider free cash flow alongside other financial performance measures, including net cash provided by (used in) operating activities, capital expenditures and our other GAAP results.

 

The following tables present a reconciliation of net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow for each of the periods indicated.

 

   Six months ended June 30, 
   2021   2020 
Net cash provided by operating activities  $9,050,923   $35,791,455 
Purchase of property and equipment   (283,786)   (9,344)
Website and software development costs   (3,611,451)   (3,443,447)
Free cash flow  $5,155,686   $32,338,664 

 

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   Years ended December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Net cash provided by operating activities  $21,988,592   $4,268,997 
Purchase of property and equipment   (58,544)   (85,345)
Purchase of intangible assets   (15,269)   (5,570)
Website and software development costs   (7,283,044)   (7,108,461)
Free Cash Flow  $14,631,735   $(2,930,379)

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

Our primary sources of liquidity are cash on hand of $27.3 million as of June 30, 2021, cash generated from operations and changes in operating assets and liabilities. We believe our current resources will be sufficient to fund our cash needs for current operations for at least the next 12 months. Our primary uses of cash are for investment in website and software development.

 

The following table summarizes the key cash flow metrics from our statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

   Six months ended June 30, 
   2021   2020 
Net cash provided by operating activities  $9,050,923   $35,791,455 
Net cash used in investing activities   (3,895,237)   (3,452,791)
Net cash used in financing activities   (10,473)   (261,043)
Net change in cash  $5,145,213   $32,077,621 

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

The net cash provided by operating activities consists of our net income (loss) adjusted for certain non-cash items, including depreciation as well as the effect of changes in working capital and other activities. Operating cash flows can be volatile and are sensitive to many factors, including changes in working capital and our net income (loss). We have a negative working capital model (current liabilities exceed current assets). Any profitable growth in revenue results in incremental cash for the Company, as we receive funds when customers place orders on the website, while accounts payable are paid over a period time, based on vendor terms, which range on average from one week to eight weeks.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities in the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $9.1 million, resulting from a net loss of $18,701 and cash provided by a change in (a) operating assets and liabilities of $4.2 million, which in turn was primarily driven by increases in accounts payable and customer deposits, (b) depreciation expense of $3.6 million, and (c) non-cash share based compensation expense of $1.3 million.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities in the six months ended June 30, 2020 was $35.8 million, resulting from net income of $1.4 million and cash provided by a change in (a) operating assets and liabilities of $30.6 million, which in turn was primarily driven by increases in accounts payable and customer deposits, (b) depreciation expense of $3.3 million, and (c) non-cash deferred income tax expense of $0.5 million.

 

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Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $3.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, consisting of website and software development costs and purchases of property and equipment. Cash used in investing activities varies depending on the timing of technology and product development cycles.

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $3.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, consisting primarily of website and software development costs.

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

Net cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $10,473, compared to $261,043 in the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was primarily related to cessation of payments of preferred stock dividends. 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

The following table summarizes the key cash flow metrics from our statements of cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

   Years ended December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Net cash provided by operating activities  $21,988,592   $4,268,997 
Net cash used in investing activities   (7,320,857)   (7,198,876)
Net cash used in financing activities   (6,083,864)   (520,386)
Net change in cash  $8,583,871   $(3,450,265)

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

The net cash provided by operating activities consist of our net income adjusted for certain non-cash items, including depreciation as well as the effect of changes in working capital and other activities. Operating cash flows can be volatile and are sensitive to many factors, including changes in working capital and our net income (loss). We have a negative working capital model (current liabilities exceed current assets). Any profitable growth in revenue results in incremental cash for the Company, as we receive funds when customers place orders on the website, while accounts payable are paid over a period time, based on vendor terms, which range on average from one week to eight weeks.

 

Cash provided by operating activities in the year ended December 31, 2020 was $22.0 million and was driven primarily by cash provided by operating assets and liabilities of $13.8 million and the impact of non-cash depreciation and amortization expense of $6.9 million.

 

Cash provided by operating activities in the year ended December 31, 2019 was $4.3 million and was driven primarily by the impact of non-cash depreciation and amortization expense of $5.8 million, partially offset by cash used by operating assets and liabilities of $0.8 million.

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $7.3 million and $7.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Cash used in investing activities varies depending on the timing of technology and product development cycles.

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $6.1 million, compared to $0.5 million in the year ended December 31, 2019. The increase was primarily related to a cash payout of $5.6 million for the cancellation of Legacy common stock warrants.

 

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Critical Accounting Estimates

 

SEC guidance defines Critical Accounting Estimates as those estimates made in accordance with GAAP that involve a significant level of estimation uncertainty and have had or are reasonably likely to have a material impact on the financial condition or results of operation of the registrant. These items require the application of management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often because of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and that may change in subsequent periods. In preparing our consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP, management has made estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods.

 

In preparing these financial statements, management has utilized available information, including our past history, industry standards and the current and projected economic environments, among other factors, in forming its estimates, assumptions and judgments, giving due consideration to materiality. Because the use of estimates is inherent in GAAP, actual results could differ from those estimates. In addition, other companies may utilize different estimates, which may impact comparability of our results of operations to those of companies in similar businesses. A summary of the accounting estimates that management believes are critical to the preparation of our consolidated financial statements is set forth below. See Note 2 of the Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and Note 2 of the Notes to the Unaudited Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 for our other significant accounting policies and accounting pronouncements that may impact the Company’s consolidated financial position, earnings, cash flows or disclosures.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09”). This new standard replaced all previous accounting guidance on this topic, eliminated all industry-specific guidance and provided a unified model to determine how revenue is recognized. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In doing so, companies need to use more judgment and make more estimates than under prior guidance. Judgments include identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of consideration to include in the transaction price, and allocating the transaction price to each performance obligation.

 

Effective January 1, 2019, PARTS iD elected to adopt ASU 2014-09 using the modified retrospective method which applied to all new contracts initiated on or after January 1, 2019 and all open contracts which had remaining obligations as of that date. Prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with PARTS iD’s historical accounting practices under Topic 605. The adoption of ASU 2014-09 did not have a material impact on PARTS iD’s balance sheets and financial results for the year ended December 31, 2019 and there was no cumulative effect to retained earnings on the date of adoption.

 

In determining the appropriate amount of revenue to be recognized as it fulfills its obligations under its agreements, we perform the following steps: (i) identify contracts with customers; (ii) identify performance obligation(s); (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligation(s); and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) we satisfy each performance obligation.

 

We recognize revenue on product sales through our website as the principal in the transaction, as we have concluded we control the product before it is transferred to the customer. We control products when we are the entity responsible for fulfilling the promise to the customer and take responsibility for the acceptability of the goods, assume inventory risk from shipment through the delivery date, have discretion in establishing prices, and select the product vendors of products sold.

 

Our revenue recognition is impacted by estimates of unshipped and undelivered orders at the end of the applicable reporting period. As we ship a large volume of packages through multiple carriers, actual delivery dates may not always be available, and as such we estimate delivery dates based on historical data. If actual unshipped and undelivered orders are not consistent with our estimates, the impact on our revenue for the applicable reporting period could be material. Unshipped and undelivered orders as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were $19.5 million and $16.2 million, respectively, which are reflected as customer deposits on our balance sheets. Unshipped and undelivered orders as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 were $16.2 million and $8.6 million, respectively, which are reflected as customer deposits on our balance sheets.

 

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The outstanding days from the order date of our unshipped and undelivered orders based on our actual determination were, on average, 13.0 days as of June 30, 2021, and 12.7 days as of December 31, 2020. At December 31, 2020 and 2019, the outstanding days from the order date of our unshipped and undelivered orders were, on average, 12.7 days and 10.0 days, respectively. The increase in time between order and year end 2020 over 2019 was caused by delayed supplies and shipments due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Sales discounts earned by customers at the time of purchase and taxes collected from customers, which are remitted to governmental authorities, are deducted from gross revenue in determining net revenue. Allowances for sales returns are estimated and recorded based on historical experience and reduce product revenue, inclusive of shipping fees, by expected product returns. Our estimated net allowances for sales returns at June 30, 2021 and 2020 were $800,215 and $712,744 respectively. Net allowances for sales returns at December 31, 2020 and 2019 were $1,062,077 and $495,697, respectively.

 

If actual sales returns are not consistent with our estimates, or if we have to make adjustments, we may incur future losses or gains that could be material.

 

Adjustments to our estimated net allowances for sales returns over the three months and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:

 

   Three months ended June 30,   Six months ended June 30, 
   2021   2020   2021   2020 
Balance at Beginning of Period  $1,125,970   $554,753   $1,062,077   $495,697 
Adjustment   (325,755)   157,991    (261,862)   217,047 
Balance at Close of Period  $800,215   $712,744   $800,215   $712,744 

 

Adjustments to our estimated net allowances for sales returns over the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were as follows:

 

Year Ended December 31,  Balance at Beginning
of Period
   Adjustments   Balance at Close
of Period
 
2020  $495,697   $566,380   $1,062,077 
2019  $480,192   $15,505   $495,697 

 

Website and Software Development

 

We capitalize certain costs associated with website and software (technology platform including the catalog) developed for internal use in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350-50, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other — Website Development Costs, and ASC 350-40, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other — Internal Use Software, when both the preliminary project design and the testing stage are completed and management has authorized further funding for the project, which it deems probable of completion and to be used for the function intended. Capitalized costs include amounts directly related to website and software development such as contractors’ fees, payroll and payroll-related costs for employees who are directly associated with and who devote time to our internal-use software. Capitalization of such costs ceases when the project is substantially complete and ready for its intended use. Capitalized costs are amortized over a three-year period commencing on the date that the specific module or platform is placed in service. Costs incurred during the preliminary stages of development and ongoing maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Determinations as to when a project is substantially complete and what constitutes ongoing maintenance require judgments and estimates by management. We periodically review the carrying values of capitalized costs and makes judgments as to ultimate realization.

 

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The amount of capitalized software costs for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:

 

Six months ended June 30,  Capitalized 
Software
 
2021 (Includes non-cash share-based compensation capitalized $417,182)  $4,028,633 
2020  $3,443,447 

 

 The amount of capitalized software costs for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were as follows:

Year Ended December 31,  Capitalized Software 
2020  $7,283,044 
2019  $7,108,461 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

PARTS iD is not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See Note 2 of the Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 included elsewhere in this prospectus for information on how recent accounting pronouncements have affected or may affect our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

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BUSINESS

 

The following discussion reflects, and “we,” “us,” “our” the “Company” and “PARTS iD” generally refer to, the business of Onyx prior to giving effect to the Business Combination and PARTS iD, Inc. after giving effect to the Business Combination, as the context indicates, unless the context otherwise refers to Legacy.

 

Overview

 

PARTS iD, Inc. is a technology-driven, digital commerce company focused on creating custom infrastructure and unique user experiences within niche markets. The Company was founded in 2008 with a vision of creating a one-stop digital commerce destination for the automotive parts and accessories market. Management believes that the Company has since become a market leader and proven brand-builder, fueled by its commitment to delivering an engaging shopping experience; comprehensive, accurate and varied product offerings; and continued digital commerce innovation.

 

At its core, the Company’s technology solution is a data and information platform that enables and facilitates a differentiated digital commerce experience within complex product markets, as opposed to a pure digital commerce or electronics retailer. The deep technology platform that we have built integrates software engineering with catalog management, data intelligence, mining and analytics, along with user interface development that utilizes distinctive rules-based parts fitment software capabilities. In order to handle the ever-growing need for accurate automotive product and parts data, the Company has utilized cutting-edge computational and software engineering techniques, including Bayesian classification, to enhance and improve data records and product information and also deliver an engaging user experience. The technology platform also offers the Company fungibility, which was demonstrated by the fact that it was able to launch seven new verticals in August 2018.

 

Through the journey of building a comprehensive and complex product portfolio with over 17 million SKUs, as well as building an end-to-end digital commerce platform, the Company has developed a platform for both digital commerce and fulfillment, relying on insights gleaned from nearly 14 billion data points related to vehicle parts, a virtual shipping network comprising over 2,500 locations, nearly 5,000 active brands, and machine-learning algorithms for complex fitment industries such as vehicle parts and accessories.

 

While the Company’s platform has been initially focused on automotive parts and accessories, management believes the Company’s platform is scalable and can be applied to other complex, multi-dimensional fitment, product portfolio industries, in addition to the seven new parts and accessories verticals — semi truck, motorcycle, powersports, RV/camper, boating, recreation and tools — that we launched in August 2018.

 

 

 

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The Company has positioned these verticals under its existing “iD” brand and believes this will drive brand loyalty among customers and reputation among vendors, ultimately increasing online traffic, brand visibility, and customer orders for adjacent markets. The Company has since experienced growth in revenue related to the new verticals, our original equipment (“OE”) business, and our repair parts business.

 

Customer service is a key aspect of the experience the Company offers to its customers throughout their buying journey. The Company has specialized customer support teams which assist customers in navigating through the platform, addressing any technical questions, order tracking and completing the order.

 

Digital Commerce Platform

 

The Company’s digital commerce platform was developed in-house from inception as a solution for industries with data limitations and parts fitment complexities, all while making processes simpler and more efficient. A core differentiator of the Company’s digital commerce platform is its purpose-built and proprietary data catalog developed over more than a decade by collecting, analyzing and refining data regarding original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, vehicles and aftermarket products and customer feedback to define a universe of accurate Year-Make-Model, or YMM, values. Management believes this functionality creates a unique user experience path that drives purchase intelligence and increases consumer confidence and trust.

 

 

The Company’s in-house data catalog houses nearly 14 billion data points for automobiles and the Company’s other seven verticals. This data catalog is designed to tie vehicles with parts that fit their specific YMM, including the variations of sub-model, engine size, transmission type and drivetrain type, as well as to recommend complementary products, such as tools required to install purchased parts and accessories. To build its catalog, the Company aggregates data from multiple sources, cross-pollinates this data to address any gaps in data sets, enriches the catalog using its proprietary internal data, then applies artificial intelligence to make further improvements. Through this process, the Company’s data catalog is able to: (i) determine the exact parts fitment for a product by its parameters, even if certain fitment details are originally missing in manufacturers’ data feeds; and (ii) rapidly incorporate new SKUs as they become available. Because its data catalog is continually expanding with each customer interaction, the Company also is able to offer better purchase recommendations, increase up-sell opportunities, improve the efficiency of its fulfillment operations, and lower errors and mistakes in orders. These economic and commercial advantages result in a fly-wheel effect that increases operating leverage and momentum. Because the cost of operating the Company’s data catalog is largely fixed, the Company has been able to expand its customer offerings into adjacent categories at relatively low incremental costs. The Company’s in-house catalog and deep understanding of fitment data helps offer a personalized and tailored experience to its diverse customer base of DIY, DIFM and PRO (mechanics) customers. For example, the Company can offer its DIFM consumers the ability to research and choose from a wide variety of tires, and in the same transaction select a tire installation center (2,117 locations available as of February 28, 2021) near them and schedule an appointment. The Company is committed to providing an enhanced customer experience and becoming a one-stop shop and seamless solution for all vehicle enthusiast needs.

 

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Product Vendors

 

The Company provides its product vendors with access to its large customer base and e-commerce market. The Company’s 1000+ product vendors can leverage the Company’s disruptive technology, enhanced fitment data, deep understanding of the market and large customer database to sell and position their innovative product catalog instantly. Product vendors can benefit from the Company’s engaging shopping experience, advanced 3D imagery, in-depth product description, reviews, installation guides and other tailored content offered by the Company’s platform, complemented by specialized customer service.

 

Fulfillment Operations

 

The Company’s virtual, proprietary and capital-efficient fulfillment model manages our sales volume while carrying minimal inventory, which is primarily associated with its private label products. The Company’s platform, which incorporates live or frequently updated inventory feeds from our product vendors, provides stock-on-hand for more than 17 million products across nearly 5,000 brands. The Company’s fulfillment model decides which product vendor to source from while the sale is made based on a proprietary algorithm, which incorporates factors such as availability of inventory, customer proximity, shipping cost and profitability.

 

This decentralized, data-driven approach allows the Company to increase delivery speed through more than 2,500 shipping points from its U.S. vendor network.

 

Products

 

The Company primarily sells automotive parts and accessories, including a wide range of goods from automobile accessories, wheels and tires, performance parts, lighting and repair parts. In addition, the Company launched seven new verticals in August 2018 and, in 2020, the value of the orders received from these new verticals grew to approximately 10% of the Company’s total order value. These seven new verticals offer parts and accessories for semi-trucks, motorcycles, powersports (including ATVs, snowmobiles and personal watercraft), RVs/campers, boats, recreation (including outdoor sports and camping gear) and tools using the same proprietary platform.

 

The Company primarily sources its products from industry leading brands and product vendors located in the U.S., except that its private label products are largely sourced from foreign product vendors. Regarding sales of products sourced from our product vendors, no single product vendor accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020. The Company’s inventory on hand, which largely relates to private label products, has generally remained below $1.0 million in value. As of December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the sale value of customers’ unshipped and undelivered orders were $16.2 million and $8.6 million, respectively.

 

Private Label Product. The Company’s private label business uses proprietary data to identify, import and sell higher margin products that are in demand on its platform. Management believes that by selecting and pairing a superior import product with its purpose-built and proprietary data catalog, consumers are provided the option to purchase a high-quality product at a reasonable cost. Private label revenue was less than 10% of the Company’s total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Branded Product. The Company has developed and implemented application-programming interfaces with the majority of its drop-ship product vendors that allow it to electronically transmit orders, check inventory availability, and receive the shipment tracking information and share it with its customers. These processes allow the Company to offer nearly 5,000 brands on an inventory-free basis, thereby reducing carrying costs and improving margins.

 

Industry and Market Opportunity

 

The Company’s management believes the U.S. aftermarket automotive market is massive, fragmented, and ripe for disruption as overall consumer preferences are increasingly shifting to online transactions. Although the ultimate impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic remain uncertain and consumer demand for automobile parts and accessories may be impacted in a recessionary environment, a recent survey published by Capgemini SE, a consulting corporation, found that 46% of U.S. adults surveyed plan to use their cars more often and public transportation less often in the future. Additionally, the pandemic is accelerating trends of online shopping more broadly as consumers seek to avoid physical retail locations.

 

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In 2020, the domestic automotive aftermarket market opportunity was estimated to be approximately $392 billion. The Company has historically focused on the $46 billion specialty automotive equipment market, but is seeking to accelerate its growth through automotive repairs, targeted international expansion and the addition of new verticals. The Company’s other product verticals present an aggregate market opportunity exceeding $120 billion in 2020.

 

 

Marketing

 

Management believes its customers’ core need is to find the right parts that fit their vehicle at the best price and are delivered on time. Our marketing strategies are designed around customer acquisition and retention which includes paid and non-paid advertising. Our paid advertising primarily includes search engine marketing, display, paid social media, connected TV (CTV) and paid partnerships. Our non-paid advertising efforts include search engine optimization, non-paid social media and e-mail marketing.

 

 

 

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The Company currently drives traffic to its platform primarily with search engines; 77% of the Company’s traffic and 66% of its revenue in 2020 was acquired in this manner. Once on the platform, customers are presented with the Company’s proprietary marketing and product content that is created via in-house, multi-step image and video processing. Automated image refinement and the Company’s creative design team work to ensure consistency and quality across all content, including the product images presented to customers on the Company’s platform. Product pages on the Company’s platform present customers with multiple, customized product choices, plus cross-sell and up-sell opportunities, as well as training materials, product comparison information, installation instructions and customer reviews. Customers have the option to shop and explore on the Company’s platform in multiple ways, including by part number, brand or product category.

 

Competition

 

The parts and accessories industries in which the Company sells its products are competitive and fragmented, and products are distributed through multi-tiered and overlapping channels. The Company competes with both online and offline sellers that offer parts and accessories, repair parts and OEM parts to either the DIY or the DIFM consumer groups. Current or potential competitors include (i) online retailers, including both niche retailers of uncommon, highly specialized products and general retailers of a larger number of broadly available products; (ii) national parts retailers such as Advance Auto Parts, AutoZone, NAPA and O’Reilly Auto Parts; (iii) internet-based marketplaces such as Amazon.com and eBay.com; (iv) discount stores and mass merchandisers; (v) local independent retailers; (vi) wholesale parts distributors and (vii) manufacturers, product vendors and other distributors selling online directly to consumers. The Company faces significant competition from these and other retailers in the United States and abroad. The majority of these competitors are, and will be, substantially larger than the Company, and have substantially greater resources and operating histories. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to keep pace with the technological or product developments of its competitors. These companies also compete with the Company in recruiting and retaining highly qualified technical and professional personnel and consultants.

 

Competitive factors in the markets the Company serves include fitment data and related intelligence, technology, customer experience, customer service, range of product offerings, product availability, product quality, price and shipping speed. Management believes its custom-built tech-stack for the complex, multi-dimensional automotive parts and accessories industry, which offers nearly 5,000 brands and more than 17 million unique SKUs, provides it with a unique competitive advantage.

 

Intellectual Property

 

The Company owns a number of trade names, service marks and trademarks, including “iD,” “CARiD,” “BOATiD,” “MOTORCYCLEiD,” “CAMPERiD,” “POWERSPORTSiD,” “TOOLSiD,” “TRUCKiD,” “RECREATIONiD” and more, for use in connection with its business. In addition, the Company owns and has registered trademarks for certain of its private label brands. Management believes these trade names, service marks and trademarks are important to the Company’s sales and marketing strategy.

 

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Environmental Matters

 

The Company is subject to various federal, state and local laws and governmental regulations relating to the operation of its business, including those governing the use and transportation of hazardous substances and emissions-related standards, established by the EPA, and similar state-level regulators, including CARB.

 

While the Company has processes in place to ensure that products are sold in compliance with the requirements imposed by the EPA and similar state-level regulators, all verification processes have inherent limitations. The Company has been, is currently, and may in the future be the subject of regulatory proceedings initiated by the EPA, CARB or other applicable regulatory bodies, and the results of such proceedings are uncertain. For additional information, see Note 6 of Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and Note 6 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

Although management believes that the Company is in substantial compliance with currently applicable environmental laws, rules, and regulations, it is unable to predict the ultimate impact of adopted or future laws, rules, and regulations on its business, properties or products. Such laws, rules, or regulations may cause the Company to incur significant expenses to achieve or maintain compliance, may require it to modify its product offerings, may adversely affect the price of or demand for some of its products, and may ultimately affect the way the Company conducts its operations. Failure to comply with these current or future laws, rules, or regulations could result in harm to the Company’s reputation and/or could lead to fines and other penalties, including restrictions on the importation of the Company’s products into, or the sale of its products in, one or more jurisdictions until compliance is achieved.

 

Seasonality

 

The Company’s revenue is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year, although sales typically spike during the spring months upon the distribution to the general public by the IRS of income tax refunds and during the winter holiday season. While the Company expects to be able to maintain sales growth through seasonality, it recognizes that future revenues may be affected by these seasonal trends as well as cyclical trends affecting the overall economy, especially the automotive parts and accessories industry.

 

Property

 

The Company leases corporate office space in each of Cranbury and Jersey City, New Jersey, and space for call centers, warehouses and photo and video service facilities in Cranbury, New Jersey. Management believes that the Company’s properties are adequate and suitable for its business as presently conducted as well as for the foreseeable future.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2020, the Company employed 108 full-time employees, all in the United States. None of the Company’s employees are represented by a labor union, and management believes that the Company’s relations with its employees are good.

 

Certain call center, development, and back-office services are provided by independent contractors in Ukraine, Belarus, Philippines and Costa Rica.

 

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Legal Proceedings

 

Except as disclosed below, information pertaining to certain legal and regulatory matters and proceedings in which we are involved can be found in Note 6 of Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and Note 6 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, included in this prospectus and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Lexidine LLC v. Onyx Enterprises Int’l Corp

 

On January 20, 2021, Lexidine, LLC filed a patent infringement suit against the Company in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey. The case is based upon United States Patent No. 7,609,961 and is directed toward certain OEM Fit 3rd Brake Light Cameras offered for sale by third party brands on the Company’s eCommerce platform. It is captioned as Lexidine LLC v. Onyx Enterprises Int’l Corp, d/b/a www.carid.com, Case No. 3:21-cv-00946. Lexidine is seeking monetary relief for the sale of allegedly infringing products as well as injunctive relief. This matter was administratively terminated by the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey on July 27, 2021.

 

Stockholder Litigation

 

The Investor Stockholder and Principals filed a motion for summary judgment seeking dismissal of all of the claims brought by the Founder Stockholders, which motion was heard on February 19, 2021. On August 31, 2021, the court issued an order granting in part and denying in part the motion for summary judgment, by which order eight claims were dismissed and seven claims were preserved. Pursuant to the court’s opinion, all of the derivative claims brought by the plaintiffs were dismissed. The court entered an order directing that the Company pay the legal fees incurred by K. Agrawal in his capacity as independent director.

 

Onyx Enterprises Int'l, Corp. v. IDParts, LLC

 

The court has denied an early partial motion for summary judgment filed by IDParts, LLC. Experts are set to be disclosed on September 24, 2021. The case is set for trial in the first quarter of 2022.

 

Onyx Enterprises Int'l Corp v. Volkswagen Group of America, Inc.

 

The Civil Action captioned as Onyx Enterprises Int'l, Corp v. Volkswagen Group of America, Inc., Civil Action Number 3:20-cv-09976-BRM-ZNQ is stayed pending the result in Onyx Enterprises Int'l, Corp. v. IDParts, LLC. The Company has filed cancellation actions against Volkswagen to cancel all Volkswagen "ID" marks in the United States and Canada.

 

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MANAGEMENT

 

Board of Directors and Executive Officers

 

We have seven directors (including the Chairman of the Board). Our Board is divided into two classes with only one class of directors being elected in each year and each class (except for those directors appointed prior to our first annual meeting of stockholders) serving a two year term. The class I directors consist of Messrs. McCall and Petkar and Ms. Schwister, and their terms will expire at our annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2022. The class II directors consist of Messrs. Jha, Pathak, Rigaud and White, and their terms will expire at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2023.

 

We have four executive officers (excluding the Chairman of the Board). Our officers are appointed by the Board and serve at the discretion of the Board, rather than for specific terms of office. Our Board is authorized to appoint persons to the offices set forth in our bylaws as it deems appropriate. Our bylaws provide that our officers may consist of a Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and such other officers (including without limitation, Vice Presidents, Assistant Secretaries and a Treasurer) as may be determined by the Board.

 

The following persons are the directors and executive officers of the Company:

 

Name   Age   Title
Antonino Ciappina   40   Chief Executive Officer
Kailas Agrawal   64   Chief Financial Officer
Ajay Roy   39   Chief Operating Officer
Mark Atwater   61   Vice President of Vendor Relations
Prashant Pathak   49   Chairman of the Board of Directors
Edwin J. Rigaud   78   Director
Darryl T. F. McCall   66   Director
Richard White   67   Director
Aditya Jha   65   Director
Rahul Petkar   61   Director
Ann M. Schwister   53   Director

 

Antonino Ciappina served as Onyx’s Interim General Manager from July 2020 until the Closing of the Business Combination in November 2020 and has served as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer since the Closing. Upon joining Onyx in January 2020, Mr. Ciappina served as Chief Marketing Officer and directed efforts related to marketing, customer acquisition and retention, pricing optimization, advertising, creative services, market research, analytics and public relations for the portfolio of iD brands. Prior to joining Onyx, Mr. Ciappina served in various digital marketing and e-commerce positions, most recently as Senior Director, E-Commerce & Digital Marketing at Foot Locker from May 2018 to December 2019, as Vice President, E-Commerce & Digital Marketing at Firestar Diamond Group from June 2017 to May 2018 and as Director, Digital Marketing & Customer Acquisition at The Children’s Place from April 2015 to June 2017. Mr. Ciappina earned his Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration, Marketing and International Business from Montclair State University.

 

Kailas Agrawal served as Onyx’s Chief Financial Officer from January 2018 until the Closing of the Business Combination in November 2020 and has served as the Company’s Chief Financial Officer since the Closing. Prior to joining Onyx, Mr. Agrawal served as Chief Financial Officer at In Colour Capital (during this period, he functioned as the Chief Financial Officer of Onyx), an independent principal investment group, from January 2016 to December 2017 and as Principal Financial Consultant with KSS Consulting, Inc. from May 2014 to December 2015. Additionally, Mr. Agrawal has gained international experience while serving in various positions for multiple organizations across the United States, Canada, and India, including as Regional Chief Financial Officer of Minacs Worldwide, Inc. Mr. Agrawal’s experience spans numerous industries such as information technology services, food distribution, real estate, agricultural processing and manufacturing. Mr. Agrawal earned a designation as a Chartered Accountant from the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India in addition to obtaining a Bachelor of Commerce from the University of Mumbai.

 

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Ajay Roy served as Onyx’s Chief Operating Officer from October 2019 until the Closing of the Business Combination in November 2020 and has served as the Company’s Chief Operating Officer since the Closing. Prior to joining Onyx, Mr. Roy served as Senior Vice President of Operations at Moda Operandi, Inc., an online fashion retailer, from September 2018 to August 2019 and General Manager of Global Supply Chain and Operations at Wayfair, Inc., an online furniture and home-goods retailer, from August 2017 to August 2018. Additionally, Mr. Roy gained extensive management experience while serving as Vice President of ToolsGroup, Inc., a global provider of service-driven supply chain planning and demand analytics software, from 2013 to August 2017 and as a Management Consultant with Deloitte Consulting. Mr. Roy earned his Master’s in Business Administration from SP Jain School of Management and a Bachelor of Engineering in Computer Engineering from the MS Ramaiah Institute of Technology.

 

Mark Atwater served as Onyx’s Vice President of Vendor Relations from October 2016 until the Closing of the Business Combination in November 2020 and has served as the Company’s Vice President of Vendor Relations since the Closing. As Vice President of Vendor Relations, Mr. Atwater is responsible for the leadership of the Vendor Relations Department, management of Onyx’s vendor partners, pricing strategy, new product category development and carrier logistics. Since joining Onyx in 2011, Mr. Atwater has served in a variety of positions including General Manager and Director of Vendor Relations. Prior to joining Onyx, while serving in a variety of positions in the automotive industry, Mr. Atwater obtained experience in negotiating, purchasing, logistics and distribution, warehouse management, retail store management, automotive sales and e-commerce sales.

 

Prashant Pathak  has served as a director of the Company since November 20, 2020. Mr. Pathak has served as CEO of Ekagrata Inc., a business building oriented principal investment company, since January 2015 and as a Principal of In Colour Capital Inc., an independent principal investment group, since April 2015. He has been an appointee of the Government of Canada on the Board of the Business Development Bank of Canada for nearly a decade. Previously, Mr. Pathak has been a Partner of McKinsey & Company Inc. At McKinsey he was a leader of the North American Telecom Practice, the Financial Services Practices and a leader in the Strategy & Corporate Finance Practice. He has also been part of the startup team and the Managing Partner of ReichmannHauer Capital Partners, a successful Canadian investment firm. Mr. Pathak has an MBA from INSEAD with Distinction and a B.Tech degree in Electrical Engineering from The Indian Institute of Technology (“IIT”), where he was adjudged the Best All-round Graduating Student of his class. He also has a Diploma in Fuzzy Logic from IIT.

 

Edwin J. Rigaud has served as a director of the Company since Legacy’s inception in 2016. Mr. Rigaud served as Legacy’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer since Legacy’s inception until the Business Combination and has more than 40 years of business experience across a multitude of operating and leadership roles. In 2007, Mr. Rigaud founded EnovaPremier and commenced operations through the acquisition of the assets of T&WA, Inc. Since that time, he has served as owner and the President and Chief Executive Officer of EnovaPremier (2007-2018) and as Chairman (2019) while guiding that company to a position as one of the leading providers of automotive tire & wheel pre-assembly services in the United States. Prior to founding EnovaPremier, Mr. Rigaud served in numerous operating and management capacities at Procter & Gamble from 1965 to 2001. Mr. Rigaud’s notable leadership positions at Procter & Gamble included his role as a Vice President of Food& Beverage Products and as a Vice President of Government Relations in North America. Adding to his experience as a senior manager, Mr. Rigaud developed significant expertise in product development and brand management having been the first Technical Brand Manager in the exploratory phase of Pringle’s, and ultimately the Product Development Group Leader during the execution of Pringle’s national launch. Mr. Rigaud also led the product development efforts of Secret Deodorant & Antiperspirant improvements, including key active ingredient technology and perfume upgrades, while having direct participation with the Leo Burnett Agency in the creation of the famous advertising slogan, “strong enough for a man, but made for a woman.” Mr. Rigaud’s leadership in these efforts helped to facilitate a major relaunch of the Secret brand. He was ultimately named a Director in Product Development. Outside of his corporate leadership experience, Mr. Rigaud has served on the Board of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland and the Board of the local affiliate of Fifth Third Bank of Cincinnati. Mr. Rigaud has also held appointments by Governor Bob Taft to the Ohio Board of Regents, and by President George W. Bush to the national Institute of Museum and Library Services. In 1997, Mr. Rigaud became the first CEO of the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, located in Cincinnati, Ohio. This 9-year development program included raising $110 million while working closely with John Pepper, former Chairman and CEO of Procter & Gamble, who served as the national building Campaign Chairman. Mr. Rigaud is also the head of one of the first African American co-ownership groups of a Major League Baseball franchise, the Cincinnati Reds.

 

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Darryl T. F. McCall has served as a director of the Company since Legacy’s inception in 2016 and served as Legacy’s President and COO since Legacy’s inception until the Business Combination. With more than 35 years of domestic and international operating experience with consumer products businesses, Mr. McCall will provide us with a broad range of functional expertise and executive leadership experience. Mr. McCall served as Executive Vice President and Executive Committee member at Coty Inc. from 2008 to 2014 where his key responsibilities involved the management of numerous global manufacturing facilities and distribution centers. During his tenure at Coty, Mr. McCall also held major responsibilities related to the integration of 5 acquired businesses and helped lead the company through its $1.0 billion initial public offering in 2013. Prior to joining Coty, Mr. McCall held numerous positions at Procter & Gamble from 1978 to 2008. From 2007 to 2008, Mr. McCall was Product Supply Vice President — Global Fabric Care, leading a global organization comprised of more than 35 manufacturing operations centers and more than 16,000 employees. From 2005 to 2006, Mr. McCall served as General Manager of Procter & Gamble’s Global Personal Cleansing Care Division which oversees brands such as Camay®Gillette®Ivory®Olay®Old Spice®, and Zest®. Mr. McCall also held significant responsibilities for integrating certain of Procter & Gamble’s large acquisitions. Notable examples include the leadership of the supply chain integration of Gillette® and Wella®. Over the course of his career Mr. McCall has managed operations in Belgium, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Switzerland and the United States. He also is an outside independent Director for HCP Packaging.

 

Richard White has served as a director of the Company since Legacy’s inception in 2016. Mr. White has served as chief executive officer of Aeolus Capital Group Ltd., a financial and strategic management advisory firm, since May 2017. Mr. White served as Managing Director and head of Oppenheimer & Co. Inc.’s. Private Equity and Special Products Department from 2004 until April 2017. From 1997 until 2002, Mr. White was a Managing Director of CIBC Capital Partners, the private equity merchant banking division of Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, the successor by acquisition of Oppenheimer & Co., Inc. From 1985 until 1997, Mr. White was a Managing Director and one of approximately 30 General Partners of Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. Mr. White was responsible for founding and building several of its investment banking industry groups including consumer products, business services, industrials, technology, gaming and leisure, and real estate. Mr. White also headed Oppenheimer’s mergers and acquisitions department. Mr. White is a CPA. Mr. White is the Lead Independent Director of G-III Apparel Group Ltd., a manufacturer, retailer, and distributor of apparel (Nasdaq: “GIII”). Mr. White previously served on the board of Escalade, Incorporated, a manufacturer, importer and distributor of sporting goods (Nasdaq: “ESCA”). Mr. White holds a Master of Business Administration from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and a B.A. from Tufts University.

 

Aditya Jha has served as a director of the Company since November 20, 2020. His entrepreneurial pursuits have included startup technology ventures in the United States and internationally as well as turn-around businesses in Canada. He co-founded a software company, Isopia Inc., which was acquired by Sun Microsystems Inc., USA in 2001. He also served as General Manager, eBusiness at Bell Canada. He is Member of the Order of Canada (Canada’s highest civilian honors).

 

Rahul Petkar has served as a director of the Company since November 20, 2020. Mr. Petkar is a business leader with over 35 years of experience in the financial services and technology sectors spanning Asia, Middle East, North America and Latin America, and is a strategic advisor and board member to both public and private financial technology startups in the United States and Canada. He is President and CEO of Ishkan Inc. a Canada corporation, and established Polaris Canada, a banking technology company providing services to all major Canadian banks and select U.S. financial institutions. He also served as Director of International Development at TD Waterhouse, where he was a core member of the team responsible for the global expansion of its brokerage and wealth management business to Japan, the United Kingdom, Luxembourg, and Hong Kong.

 

Ann M. Schwister has served as a director of the Company since November 20, 2020. Ms. Schwister has 29 years of domestic and international operational experience at Procter and Gamble. She served as Vice President and CFO of Procter and Gamble’s two most important regions, North America and Greater China and Vice President and CFO for the Global Oral Care business. Since retiring from Procter and Gamble in 2018, Ms. Schwister has been a strategic advisor working with several organizations including social enterprises and a small family owned business. She also serves on the Executive Committee and board of the Greater Cincinnati Foundation where she chaired the Finance and Audit Committee for six years. Additionally, she has served on the CFO Committee of the Grocery Manufacturers Association and the Wisconsin School of Business Dean’s Advisory Board. In these roles, Ms. Schwister has amassed significant experience regarding Global P&L responsibilities, gained a deep understanding of consumers and digital and traditional retail environments, and gained experience with respect to small businesses. She is a qualified audit committee financial expert and has corporate governance expertise. She has a BBA degree in Finance with a specialization in International Business from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

 

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Board Leadership Structure and Risk Oversight

 

The Board recognizes that the leadership structure and combination or separation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman roles is driven by the needs of the Company at any point in time. As a result, the Board does not have a fixed policy regarding the separation of the offices of Chief Executive Officer and Chairman and believes that it should maintain the flexibility to select the Chairman and its leadership structure, from time to time, based on the criteria that it deems in the best interests of the Company and its Stockholders. This has allowed Legacy’s Board the flexibility to establish the most appropriate structure for the Company at any given time.

 

Currently, our Chief Executive Officer is separate from our Chairman. The Board believes that, currently, having a separate Chief Executive Officer and Chairman is the appropriate leadership structure for our Company. In making this determination, the Board considered, among other matters, the respective experiences of and rapport between Messrs. Ciappina and Pathak and believes that such structure promotes balanced leadership and direction for the Company. If the Board decides in the future that circumstances indicate that combining the positions of Chairman and Chief Executive Officers will foster a more effective and efficient Board, the independent directors will designate one of themselves as “Lead Independent Director.”

 

The Board is actively involved in overseeing our risk assessment and monitoring processes. The Board, through the Strategy, Technology and Risk Management Committee, focuses on our general risk management strategy and ensures that appropriate risk mitigation strategies are implemented by management. In addition, each of the other committees of the Board considers risk within its area of responsibility.

 

Director Independence

 

NYSE American listing standards require that a majority of our Board be independent. An “independent director” is defined generally as a person other than an executive officer or employee of the Company or any other individual having a relationship which in the opinion of the Board, would interfere with the director’s exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director. Our Board has determined that all of our directors are “independent directors” as defined in the NYSE American listing standards and applicable SEC rules. Our independent directors will have regularly scheduled meetings at which only independent directors are present.

 

Meetings and Committees of the Board of Directors

 

During 2020, there were seven meetings of Legacy’s board of directors and two meetings of the PARTS iD Board. In 2020, each of our directors then in office attended at least 75% of the aggregate of all meetings of the Board and the committees on which such director then served. The Company did not hold an annual meeting of stockholders in 2020. All directors are expected to attend meetings of the Board, meetings of the committees upon which they serve and meetings of our stockholders absent cause.

 

Our Board has four standing committees: an Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee, a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and a Strategy, Technology and Risk Management Committee. Each committee operates under a charter that has been approved by our Board and has the composition and responsibilities described below. The charter of each committee is available on our website at www.partsidinc.com/corporate-governance/governance-documents. Our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are composed solely of independent directors.

 

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Audit Committee

 

We have established an Audit Committee of the Board. The members of our Audit Committee are Ann M. Schwister, Richard White and Aditya Jha. Ms. Schwister serves as chairman of the Audit Committee. Ms. Schwister and Messrs. White and Jha qualify as independent directors under applicable NYSE American and SEC rules. Each member of the Audit Committee is financially literate and our Board has determined that each of Ms. Schwister and Mr. White qualify as an “audit committee financial expert” as defined in applicable SEC rules. In 2020, there were two meetings of the Audit Committee, and each member of the Audit Committee attended each of these meetings.

 

We have adopted an Audit Committee charter, which details the principal functions of the Audit Committee, including:

 

the appointment, compensation, retention, replacement, and oversight of the work of the independent registered accounting firm and any other independent registered public accounting firm engaged by us;

 

pre-approving all audit and non-audit services to be provided by the independent registered accounting firm or any other registered public accounting firm engaged by us, and establishing pre-approval policies and procedures;

 

reviewing and discussing with the independent registered accounting firm all relationships the independent registered accounting firm have with us in order to evaluate their continued independence;

 

setting clear hiring policies for employees or former employees of the independent registered accounting firm;

 

setting clear policies for audit partner rotation in compliance with applicable laws and regulations;

 

obtaining and reviewing a report, at least annually, from the independent registered accounting firm describing (i) the independent registered accounting firm’s internal quality control procedures and (ii) any material issues raised by the most recent internal quality control review, or peer review, of the audit firm, or by any inquiry or investigation by governmental or professional authorities, within, the preceding five years respecting one or more independent audits carried out by the firm and any steps taken to deal with such issues;

 

reviewing and approving any related party transaction required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404 of Regulation S-K promulgated by the SEC prior to us entering into such transaction; and

 

reviewing with management, the independent registered accounting firm, and our legal advisors, as appropriate, any legal, regulatory or compliance matters, including any correspondence with regulators or government agencies and any employee complaints or published reports that raise material issues regarding our financial statements or accounting policies and any significant changes in accounting standards or rules promulgated by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the SEC or other regulatory authorities.

 

Compensation Committee

 

We have established a Compensation Committee of the Board consisting of three members. The members of our Compensation Committee are Richard White, Aditya Jha and Rahul Petkar. Mr. White serves as chairman of the Compensation Committee. The Compensation Committee held one meeting during 2020.

 

We have adopted a Compensation Committee charter, which details the principal functions of the Compensation Committee, including:

 

reviewing and approving on an annual basis the corporate goals and objectives relevant to our Chief Executive Officer’s compensation, evaluating our Chief Executive Officer’s performance in light of such goals and objectives and determining and approving the remuneration (if any) of our Chief Executive Officer based on such evaluation;

 

reviewing and approving the compensation of all of our other executive officers;

 

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reviewing our executive compensation policies and plans;

 

implementing and administering our incentive compensation equity based remuneration plans;

 

assisting management in complying with our proxy statement and annual report disclosure requirements;

 

approving all special perquisites, special cash payments and other special compensation and benefit arrangements for our executive officers and employees;

 

producing a report on executive compensation to be included in our annual proxy statement; and

 

reviewing, evaluating and recommending changes, if appropriate, to the remuneration for directors.

 

The charter also provides that the Compensation Committee may, in its sole discretion, retain or obtain the advice of a compensation consultant, legal counsel or other adviser and is directly responsible for the appointment, compensation and oversight of the work of any such adviser. However, before engaging or receiving advice from a compensation consultant, external legal counsel or any other adviser, the Compensation Committee will consider the independence of each such adviser, including the factors required by the NYSE American and the SEC.

 

None of our executive officers currently serves, and in the past year has not served, as a member of the compensation committee, and none of the members of our compensation committee has ever been an executive officer or employee of the Company. No executive officer currently serves, and in the past year has not served, as a member of the compensation committee or on the board of directors of any entity that has one or more of its executive officers serving on our Board or our compensation committee.

 

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

 

We have established a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. The members of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are Aditya Jha, Rahul Petkar, and Ann M. Schwister. Mr. Jha serves as chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee did not hold any meetings during 2020.

 

We have adopted a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee charter, which details the principal functions of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, including:

 

identifying, screening and reviewing individuals qualified to serve as directors and recommending to the Board candidates for nomination for election at the annual meeting of stockholders or to fill vacancies on the Board;

 

developing, recommending to the Board and overseeing implementation of our corporate governance guidelines;

 

coordinating and overseeing the annual self-evaluation of the Board, its committees, individual directors and management in the governance of the Company; and

 

reviewing on a regular basis our overall corporate governance and recommending improvements as and when necessary.

 

Strategy, Technology and Risk Management Committee

 

We have established a Strategy, Technology and Risk Management Committee. The members of our Strategy, Technology and Risk Management Committee are Darryl T.F. McCall, Prashant Pathak and Edwin J. Rigaud. Mr. McCall serves as chair of the Strategy, Technology and Risk Management Committee. The Strategy, Technology and Risk Management Committee was formed in 2021, and accordingly, did not hold any meetings in 2020.

 

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We have adopted a Strategy, Technology and Risk Management Committee charter, which details the principal functions of the Strategy, Technology and Risk Management committee, including:

 

conducting a periodic review of the Company’s strategic technology platform and associated risks and resources;

 

reviewing the policies and procedures established by management to identify, assess, measure and manage key strategic opportunities, issues and risks facing the Company, including platform risk, operational risk, market risk, model risk, cybersecurity risk, technology risk and reputational risk;

 

discussing emerging trends and disruptions in industry and technologies;

 

evaluating the Company’s data and technology platform efficacy for customer value delivery and relevance;

 

reviewing the Company’s material investments in and capital deployments for technology;

 

assisting the Board in its oversight of the Company’s risk management regarding product technology, business continuity, innovation, cybersecurity, research and development;

 

reviewing critical cybersecurity and related risks and vulnerabilities; and

 

reviewing the Company’s technology asset footprint in regards to multi-location service delivery and business continuity.

 

Director Qualifications, Board Diversity and Director Candidates

 

The Board is responsible for approving candidates for Board membership.  The Board has delegated the responsibility for evaluating, selecting and recommending director nominees to the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.  In evaluating candidates and existing directors for service on the Board, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers certain minimum qualifications, including:

 

high moral and ethical character and willingness to apply sound, objective and independence business judgment;

 

broad experience and accomplishment in their respective field;

 

a reputation, both personal and professional, that is consistent with the image and reputation of the Company;

 

sufficient time to devote to the Company’s affairs and to carry out his or her duties as a director and/or committee member, as applicable; and

 

the ability to exercise sound business judgment and to provide insight and practical wisdom based on experience.

 

Specific additional criteria may be added with respect to specific searches for new Board members.  An acceptable candidate may not fully satisfy all of the criteria, but is expected to satisfy nearly all of them.

 

Candidates for director nominees are reviewed in the context of the current composition of the Board, and the needs of the Board given the circumstances of the Company.  In identifying and screening candidates, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers whether the candidates fulfill the criteria for directors approved by the Board, including integrity, objectivity, independence, sound judgment, leadership, courage and diversity of experience (for example, in relation to finance and accounting, international operations, strategy, risk management, technical expertise, policy-making, etc.).  In the case of new director candidates, the Board also determines whether the nominee must be independent for purposes of the NYSE American.

 

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee uses a variety of methods for identifying and evaluating nominees for director.  The Board periodically reviews the appropriate size of the Board, which may vary to accommodate the availability of suitable candidates and the needs of the Company. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers recommendations for Board candidates submitted by stockholders and evaluates them using substantially the same criteria as it applies to recommendations from other sources.  

 

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Corporate Governance Policies

 

We have adopted the Corporate Governance Guidelines that guide the Company and the Board on matters of corporate governance, including director responsibilities, Board committees and their charters, director independence, director qualifications, director evaluations, director orientation and education, director access to management, Board access to independent advisors, and management development and succession planning. The Corporate Governance Guidelines are available on our website at www.partsidinc.com/corporate-governance/governance-documents.

 

Code of Ethics

 

We have adopted a code of ethics applicable to our directors, officers and employees. Complete copies of our code of ethics, our Audit Committee charter, our Compensation Committee charter, our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee charter and our Strategy, Technology and Risk Management Committee charter are available on our website at www.partsidinc.com/corporate-governance/governance-documents. The inclusion of the Company’s website address in this prospectus does not include or incorporate by reference the information on the Company’s website into this prospectus. In addition, a copy of the code of ethics will be provided without charge upon request to us. We intend to disclose any amendments to or waivers of certain provisions of our code of ethics that applies to our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller by posting such information on our website at www.partsidinc.com.

 

Limitation on Liability and Indemnification of Officers and Directors

 

Our Charter provides that our officers and directors will be indemnified by us to the fullest extent authorized by Delaware law, as it now exists or may in the future be amended. In addition, our Charter provides that our directors will not be personally liable for monetary damages to us for breaches of their fiduciary duty as directors, except to the extent such exemption from liability or limitation thereof is not permitted by Delaware law.

 

We have entered into agreements with our officers and directors to provide contractual indemnification in addition to the indemnification provided for in our Charter. Our bylaws also permit us to maintain insurance on behalf of any officer, director or employee for any liability arising out of his or her actions, regardless of whether Delaware law would permit such indemnification. We also have obtained a policy of directors’ and officers’ liability insurance that insures our officers and directors against the cost of defense, settlement or payment of a judgment in some circumstances and insures us against our obligations to indemnify our officers and directors.

 

These provisions may discourage stockholders from bringing a lawsuit against our directors for breach of their fiduciary duty. These provisions also may have the effect of reducing the likelihood of derivative litigation against officers and directors, even though such an action, if successful, might otherwise benefit us and our stockholders. Furthermore, a stockholder’s investment may be adversely affected to the extent we pay the costs of settlement and damage awards against officers and directors pursuant to these indemnification provisions.

 

We believe that these provisions, the directors’ and officers’ liability insurance and the indemnity agreements are necessary to attract and retain talented and experienced officers and directors.

 

Director and Executive Officer Compensation Prior to Business Combination

 

None of Legacy’s directors or executive officers received any cash compensation for services rendered to Legacy prior to the Business Combination. Since November 16, 2017 and until the closing of the Business Combination on November 20, 2020, (i) Legacy had paid its Sponsor a total of $10,000 per month for office space, utilities, secretarial support and other administrative and consulting services, and (ii) the Sponsor, executive officers and directors, and certain of their respective affiliates, had been reimbursed for any out of pocket expenses incurred in connection with activities on our behalf such as identifying potential target businesses and performing due diligence on suitable business combinations, including in respect of the Business Combination. Prior to the Business Combination, Legacy’s independent directors regularly received information on payments made to officers and directors and a summary of cash disbursements to our Sponsor, officers, directors or our or their affiliates and had the opportunity to request detail regarding such expenses.

 

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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Overview

 

Introduction

 

This compensation overview provides a summary of the Company’s compensation policies and programs, generally explains the Company’s compensation objectives, policies and practices with respect to its executive officers, and identifies the elements of compensation for each of the individuals identified in the following table, whom the Company refers to as its named executive officers, or “NEOs” for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Name   Principal Position
Antonino Ciappina   Chief Executive Officer
Kailas Agrawal   Chief Financial Officer
Ajay Roy   Chief Operating Officer
Stanislav Royzenshteyn   Former Chief Executive Officer

 

Compensation and Benefits Philosophy

 

The Company has designed its compensation and benefits as part of its overall human capital management strategy to facilitate its ability to attract, retain, reward and motivate a high performing executive team. The company’s compensation philosophy is based on a motivational plan to provide pay-for-performance (at both the individual and company levels), to enable the Company’s executive team to achieve the Company’s objectives successfully. The Company’s motivational plan is designed to achieve the following goals:

 

to reward principles that effect the success and accomplishment of the Company’s mission and goals;

 

to attract, motivate and retain a high performing executive team;

 

to recognize and reward individuals whose performance adds significant value to the Company; and

 

to support and encourage executive team performance.

 

Compensation Elements

 

In the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company’s compensation program consisted of the following elements:

 

base salary;

 

cash incentives; and

 

benefits and perquisites.

 

The Company’s goal has been to set base compensation based upon financial and operating performance, each executive officer’s level of experience, and each executive officer’s current and expected future contributions to its results, in addition to providing competitive benefits. To emphasize the relationship between executive pay and the Company’s performance, the Company typically pays its executive officers a cash incentive bonus, which is designed to grow the organization by investing in its human resources and to ensure that the Company has the leadership and talent necessary to successfully meet its future challenges.

 

Role of the Compensation Committee

 

The Compensation Committee reviews and approves the compensation of our executive officers. The Compensation Committee is solely composed of non-management directors, all of whom meet the independence requirements of applicable NYSE American rules.

 

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Process for Determining Executive Compensation

 

Since the Business Combination, the Compensation Committee has focused on evaluating and establishing the goals, objectives and substance of the Company’s executive compensation plans. The Compensation Committee has taken the following actions related to the components of executive compensation.

 

Salary

 

Following the end of 2020, the Compensation Committee reviewed the base salaries of each of the named executive officers. While the Compensation Committee determined that the base salaries of the CFO and COO were appropriate in light of their duties and responsibilities, the Compensation Committee determined that the base salary of the CEO did not appropriately reflect his level of duties and responsibilities. In making this determination, the Compensation Committee took into account that no changes had been made to Mr. Ciappina’s base salary in connection with his assumption of the role of interim general manager in July of 2020 or in connection with his promotion to CEO in November 2020 in connection with the closing of the Business Combination. Accordingly, in April of 2021, the Compensation Committee approved an increase in Mr. Ciappina’s annual base salary from $300,000 to $400,000, with effective retroactive to November 23, 2020.

 

Annual Incentive Plan

 

With respect to 2020, the Company paid quarterly bonuses based on individual and organization-wide performance.

 

As part of the transition to being a public company, the Compensation Committee determined for 2021, and on a going-forward basis, to replace quarterly bonuses with annual incentive bonuses that will be earned based on Company-wide performance metrics, which will be weighted 70% based on the Company’s overall bonus determinations, and 30% based on an assessment of individual contributions made by each of the NEOs, as determined by the Compensation Committee. Each of the NEOs will have a target bonus opportunity under the annual bonus plan, expressed as a percentage of base salary. The actual amount of the bonuses earned by each named executive officer in 2021 will be determined by the Compensation Committee, based on its assessment of the Company-wide and individual performance metrics at the end of the annual performance period.

 

Equity Awards

 

A key component of an executive officer’s compensation is equity incentive awards, which are critical to focusing our executives on the Company’s long-term growth and creating stockholder value. In October 2020, in connection with the Business Combination, the Company’s stockholders approved the PARTS iD, Inc. 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”) and the PARTS iD, Inc. 2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP” and, together with the 2020 Plan, the “Equity Plans”). There are 4,904,596 shares of Common Stock available for issuance under the 2020 Plan and 2,043,582 shares of Common Stock available for issuance under the ESPP. The Equity Plans became effective immediately upon