As filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on January 29, 2021

 

Registration No. 333-           

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

PARTS iD, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   441310   81-3674868

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

1 Corporate Drive, Suite C

Cranbury, New Jersey 08512

(866) 909-6699

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices) 

 

Antonino Ciappina

Chief Executive Officer

PARTS iD, Inc.

1 Corporate Drive, Suite C

Cranbury, New Jersey 08512

(866) 909-6699

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

 

Copies to:

Jonathan R. Zimmerman

James M. Fischer

Christine G. Long

Faegre Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP

2200 Wells Fargo Center

90 South Seventh Street

Minneapolis, Minnesota 55402

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this registration statement.

 

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, check the following box. ☒

 

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer
  Non-accelerated filer ☐ Smaller reporting company
    Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. 

 

 

 

 

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

Title of Each Class of Securities to be Registered  Amount to be registered(1)  Proposed maximum offering price per share(2)  Proposed maximum aggregate offering price  Amount of registration fee
 Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per share(3)   30,206,509   $7.42   $224,132,297   $24,452.83 

 

 

(1) The shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“Common Stock”), of PARTS iD, Inc. (the “Company”), are being registered for sale by the selling security holders named in the prospectus.

 

(2) Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee under Rule 457(c) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), based on the average of the high and low price per share for the Company’s Common Stock on January 25, 2021, as reported by the NYSE American.
   
(3) Pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act, the shares of Common Stock registered hereby also include an indeterminate number of additional shares of Common Stock as may from time to time become issuable by reason of stock split, stock dividends, recapitalizations, or other similar transactions.

 

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. The selling stockholders may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell securities, and the selling stockholders are not soliciting offers to buy these securities, in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS SUBJECT TO COMPLETION DATE: January 29, 2021

 

30,206,509 Shares of Common Stock

 

 

This prospectus relates to the offering and resale of up to 30,206,509 shares of our Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per share (“Common Stock”), by the selling stockholders identified herein (the “Selling Stockholders”), pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of November 20, 2020 (the “2020 RRA”), Section 4(e) of the Amended and Restated Sponsor Support Agreement, dated as of November 20, 2020 (such section, “SSA Section 4(e)”), and the Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of November 16, 2017 (the “2017 RRA”), each of which we entered into with certain of the Selling Stockholders (the 2020 RRA, SSA Section 4(e), and the 2017 RRA, together, the “Registration Rights Agreements”). See the section entitled “Selling Stockholders” for additional information regarding the Selling Stockholders and the specific Registration Rights Agreement(s) to which each Selling Stockholder is a party.

 

Our registration of the securities covered by this prospectus does not mean that the Selling Stockholders will offer or sell any of the shares. The Selling Stockholders may sell the shares of Common Stock covered by this prospectus in a number of different ways and at varying prices. We provide more information about how the Selling Stockholders may sell the shares in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution.” Additionally, in connection with such sales, Interest Solutions, LLC, a Selling Stockholder, is an affiliate of a broker-dealer and might be deemed an “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). In such event, any commissions received by Interest Solutions, LLC and any profit on the resale of the shares purchased by it may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts under the Securities Act.

  

Our Common Stock is traded on the NYSE American under the symbol “ID.” On January 25, 2021, the closing price of our Common Stock was $7.49 per share.

 

We will not receive any proceeds from the sale by the Selling Stockholders of the shares of Common Stock being offered pursuant to this prospectus. We will pay for expenses related to the registration of the shares of our Common Stock to be offered and sold pursuant to this prospectus, and the Selling Stockholders will pay any underwriters’ commissions and discounts, brokerage fees, underwriter marketing costs, or equivalent expenses or expenses of their legal counsel applicable to the sale of such shares of Common Stock.

 

Investing in our securities involves various risks. You should review carefully the risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 5 of this prospectus, and under similar headings in any amendments or supplements to this prospectus.

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

The date of this prospectus is , 2021

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

You should rely only on the information provided in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders have authorized anyone to provide you with different information. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders are making an offer of these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer is not permitted. You should not assume that the information in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement is accurate as of any date other than the date of the applicable document. Since the date of this prospectus, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed.

 

    Page
     
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS   ii
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS   iii
PROSPECTUS SUMMARY   1
THE OFFERING   4
RISK FACTORS   5
USE OF PROCEEDS   25
DETERMINATION OF OFFERING PRICE   26
MARKET FOR COMMON EQUITY AND DIVIDEND POLICY   27
UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION   28
NOTES TO UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION   33
COMPARATIVE PER SHARE INFORMATION   37
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR PARTS iD, INC.   38
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR LEGACY ACQUISITION CORP.   47 
BUSINESS   56
MANAGEMENT   64
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION   71
SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT   75
SELLING STOCKHOLDERS   76
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS   82
DESCRIPTION OF COMMON STOCK   83
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION   87
MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES TO NON-U.S. HOLDERS   89
LEGAL MATTERS   92
EXPERTS   92
CHANGE IN INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM   92
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION   92

 

i

 

 

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

 

This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-1 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) using the “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, the Selling Stockholders may, from time to time, sell the securities offered by them described in this prospectus. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale by such Selling Stockholders of the Common Stock offered by them described in this prospectus.

 

Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders have authorized anyone to provide you with any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement or any free writing prospectuses prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders take responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders will make an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

We may also provide a prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement to add information to, or update or change information contained in, this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement together with the additional information to which we refer you in the sections of this prospectus titled “Where You Can Find More Information.”

 

On November 20, 2020 (the “Closing Date”), Legacy Acquisition Corp., our predecessor company (“Legacy”), consummated the previously announced merger pursuant to that certain Business Combination Agreement, dated September 18, 2020 (the “Business Combination Agreement”), by and among Legacy, Excel Merger Sub I, Inc., a Delaware corporation and an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of the Company and directly owned subsidiary of Merger Sub 2 (as defined below) (“Merger Sub 1”), Excel Merger Sub II, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and direct wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub 2”), Onyx Enterprises Int’l, Corp., a New Jersey corporation (“Onyx”), and Shareholder Representative Services LLC, a Colorado limited liability company, solely in its capacity as the stockholder representative pursuant to the terms of the Business Combination Agreement. At the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement (the “Closing”), (a) Merger Sub 1 merged with and into Onyx (the “First Merger”), with Onyx surviving as a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of Merger Sub 2, and (b) Onyx merged with and into Merger Sub 2 (the “Second Merger” and, together with the First Merger, the “Mergers”), with Merger Sub 2 surviving as a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the Mergers, collectively with the other transactions described in the Business Combination Agreement, the “Business Combination”). On the Closing Date, (i) Legacy changed its name from Legacy Acquisition Corp. to PARTS iD, Inc. and listed its shares of Common Stock on the NYSE American under the symbol “ID” and (ii) Merger Sub 2 changed its name to PARTS iD, LLC (“PARTS iD, LLC”).

 

Unless the context indicates otherwise, references in this prospectus to the “Company,” “PARTS iD,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to PARTS iD, Inc. (f/k/a Legacy Acquisition Corp.) and its consolidated subsidiaries (including PARTS iD, LLC). References to “Legacy” refer to our predecessor company prior to the consummation of the Business Combination.

 

ii

 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These statements relate to future periods, future events or our future operating or financial plans or performance. When used in this prospectus, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intends,” “project,” “forecast,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “seeks,” “scheduled,” or “will,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, and include but are not limited to:

 

our ability to recognize the anticipated benefits of the Business Combination, which may be affected by, among other things, competition and the ability of the combined business to grow and manage growth profitably;

 

our financial and business performance following the Business Combination, including financial projections and business metrics;

 

changes in our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects and plans;

 

litigation, complaints, product liability claims and/or adverse publicity;

 

the implementation, market acceptance and success of our business model;

 

developments and projections relating to our competitors and industry;

 

the impact of health epidemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic, on our business and the actions we may take in response thereto;

 

our expectations regarding our ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection and not infringe on the rights of others;

 

our future capital requirements and sources and uses of cash;

 

our ability to obtain funding for our operations;

 

our business, expansion plans and opportunities;

 

changes in applicable laws or regulations; and

 

the outcome of any known and unknown litigation and regulatory proceedings.

 

These statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected or otherwise implied by the forward-looking statements, including the following:

 

the outcome of any legal proceedings;

 

our ability to recognize the anticipated benefits of the Business Combination, which may be affected by, among other things, competition and our ability to grow and manage growth profitably following the Business Combination;

 

costs related to the Business Combination;

 

changes in applicable laws or regulations;

 

the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business;

 

our ability to execute our business model, including market acceptance of our planned products and services;

 

our ability to raise capital;

 

the possibility that we may be adversely affected by other economic, business, and/or competitive factors; and

 

other risks and uncertainties described in this registration statement, including those under the section entitled “Risk Factors.”

 

Given these risks and uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Additional cautionary statements or discussions of risks and uncertainties that could affect our results or the achievement of the expectations described in forward-looking statements may also be contained in any accompanying prospectus supplement.

 

These forward-looking statements made by us in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement speak only as of the date of this prospectus and the accompanying prospectus supplement, respectively. Except as required under the federal securities laws and rules and regulations of the SEC, we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based. You should, however, review additional disclosures we make in our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC.

 

You should read this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement completely and with the understanding that our actual future results, levels of activity and performance as well as other events and circumstances may be materially different from what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

iii

 

 

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

 

This summary highlights information contained elsewhere in this prospectus and does not contain all of the information that you should consider in making your investment decision. Before investing in our securities, you should carefully read this entire prospectus, including our financial statements and the related notes and the information set forth under the headings “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for PARTS iD, Inc.,” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for Legacy Acquisition Corp.” in each case included elsewhere in this prospectus. Unless otherwise stated or the context requires otherwise, references in this prospectus to “PARTS iD”, the “Company”, “we”, “us”, “our” and similar references refer to PARTS iD, Inc.

 

Business Overview

 

PARTS iD is a technology-driven, digital commerce company focused on creating custom infrastructure and unique user experiences within niche markets. The Company was formed upon the Business Combination between Onyx and Legacy, which occurred on November 20, 2020. See the sections titled “—About this Prospectus” above and “—Corporate History” below for additional information.

 

Management believes that the Company, as successor to Onyx, has become a market leader and proven brand-builder, fueled by its commitment to delivering an engaging shopping experience; comprehensive, accurate and varied product offerings; and continued digital commerce innovation.

 

At its core, the Company’s technology solution is a data and information platform that enables and facilitates a differentiated digital commerce experience within complex product markets, as opposed to a pure eCommerce or electronics retailer. The deep technology platform that the Company has built integrates software engineering with catalog management, data intelligence, mining and analytics, along with user interface development that utilizes distinctive rules-based parts fitment software capabilities. In order to handle the ever-growing need for accurate automotive product and parts data, the Company has utilized cutting-edge computational and software engineering techniques, including Bayesian classification, to enhance and improve data records and product information and also deliver an engaging user experience.

 

Through the journey of building a comprehensive and complex product portfolio with over 17 million SKUs, as well as building an end-to-end digital commerce platform, the Company has developed a platform for both digital commerce and fulfillment, relying on insights gleaned from nearly 14 billion data points related to vehicle parts, a virtual shipping network comprising over 2,500 locations, nearly 5,000 active brands, and machine-learning algorithms for complex fitment industries such as vehicle parts and accessories.

 

While the Company’s platform has been initially focused on automotive parts and accessories, management believes its platform is scalable and can be applied to other complex, multi-dimensional fitment, product portfolio industries including the seven new parts and accessories verticals — semi truck, motorcycle, powersports, RV/camper, boating, recreation and tools — that the Company launched in August 2018. 

 

Recent Developments

 

We are assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business. Although the COVID-19 pandemic and related measures to contain its spread have not adversely affected the Company’s results of operations to date, they have adversely affected certain components of the Company’s business, including by increasing cancellations and shipping times. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused the Company to require employees to work remotely for an indefinite period of time, which could negatively impact its business and harm productivity and collaboration. The extent to which our operations will be affected will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, among others. If the disruptions posed by COVID-19 or other matters of global concern continue for an extensive period of time, our operations may be materially adversely affected. See “Risk Factors” for more information regarding the impacts and future potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and operations. We will continue to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business.

 

1

 

 

Summary Risk Factors

 

Our business is subject to many risks, as more fully described in the section titled “Risk Factors” immediately following this prospectus summary. You should read and carefully consider these risks, together with the other information in this prospectus, including our financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus, before deciding whether to invest in our Common Stock. If any of the risks discussed in this prospectus actually occur, our business, financial condition and operating results could be materially and adversely affected. In particular, such risks include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

Our business is subject to risks arising from epidemic diseases, such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

The Company depends on search engines and other online sources to attract visitors to its digital commerce platform, and if the Company is unable to attract these visitors and convert them into customers in a cost-effective manner, its business and results of operations will be harmed.

 

If the Company is unable to manage the challenges associated with its international operations, the growth of its business could be limited and its business could suffer.

 

The Company’s growth strategy is dependent upon its ability to expand its “iD” branded store in industries outside automotive parts and accessories and to expand beyond its core “do-it-yourself” customer base into “business to business” and “do-it-for-me” customers, and these expansion efforts may fail.

 

The Company is highly dependent upon key suppliers.

 

The Company may not be able to properly enforce its agreements with contractors, service providers or suppliers in international markets.

 

The Company faces intense competition and operates in an industry with limited barriers to entry, and some of its competitors may have greater resources than it and may be better positioned to capitalize on the growing online automotive aftermarket parts and accessories market.

 

Any failure to maintain the security of the information relating to the Company’s customers, employees and vendors, whether as a result of cybersecurity attacks on its information systems or otherwise, could damage its reputation, result in litigation or other legal actions against it, cause it to incur substantial additional costs, and materially adversely affect its business and results of operations.

 

System failures, including failures due to natural disasters or other catastrophic events, could prevent access to the Company’s digital commerce platform, which could reduce its net sales and harm its reputation.

 

If the Company is unable to protect its intellectual property rights, its reputation and brand could be impaired and it could lose customers.

 

Claims of intellectual property infringement by parts manufacturers, distributors or retailers to the validity of aftermarket parts and accessories or related marketing materials could adversely affect the Company’s business.

 

The Company is subject to environmental laws, rules, and regulations, which may adversely impact the Company’s operations, and the failure to comply could result in harm to the Company’s reputation and could lead to fines and other penalties, including restrictions on the importation of the Company’s products into, or the sale of its products in, one or more jurisdictions until compliance is achieved.

 

The Company’s business could be adversely affected by an ongoing legal proceeding with certain stockholders, and because the Company is involved in litigation from time to time and is subject to numerous laws and governmental regulations, it could incur substantial judgments, fines, legal fees and other costs as well as reputational harm.

 

2

 

 

We will incur significant increased expenses and administrative burdens as a public company, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Implications of Being a Smaller Reporting Company and an Emerging Growth Company

 

We are a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and have elected to take advantage of certain of the scaled disclosure available to smaller reporting companies.

 

We also are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. Additionally, as an emerging growth company, we have elected to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies (as defined under Section 2(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act). As such, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates.

 

We will remain an emerging growth company until the earliest of (i) December 31, 2022, the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the completion of Legacy’s initial public offering on November 8, 2017; (ii) the last day of the fiscal year in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least $1.07 billion; (iii) the date on which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer under the rules of the SEC, which would be the last day of the fiscal year in which the market value of our common equity that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the end of the second fiscal quarter; or (iv) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt securities in the prior three-year period.

 

Corporate History

 

The Company was formed on November 20, 2020, upon the consummation of the Business Combination pursuant to that certain Business Combination Agreement between Legacy and Onyx, among other parties.

 

Onyx was incorporated in 2008 and is a one-stop eCommerce destination for the automotive parts and accessories market. Legacy was a blank check company incorporated in 2016 for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses.

 

For more information on the Business Combination Agreement, Onyx, and Legacy, please see the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 27, 2020 and the Company’s Information Statement on Schedule 14C filed with the SEC pursuant to Section 14 of the Exchange Act on October 30, 2020 (the “Information Statement”).

 

Corporate Information

 

Our corporate mailing address is 1 Corporate Drive, Suite C, Cranbury, New Jersey 08512. Our telephone number is (866) 909-6699, and our website is www.partsidinc.com. The information on our website is not part of this prospectus. The information contained in or connected to our website is not incorporated by reference into, and should not be considered part of, this prospectus. Any information about us on LinkedIn, Twitter or other social media platforms should not be considered part of this prospectus, nor should any information about us posted by others on blogs, bulletin boards, in chat rooms or in similar media.

 

3

 

 

THE OFFERING

 

Issuer PARTS iD, Inc. (f/k/a Legacy Acquisition Corp.)
   
Common Stock Offered by the Selling Stockholders 30,206,509 shares.
   
Common Stock Outstanding(1) 32,873,457 shares.
   
Lock-Up Restrictions Certain Selling Stockholders are subject to restrictions on transfer until the termination of the applicable lock-up period. See “Selling Stockholders—Certain Relationships with Selling Stockholders” for further information.
   
Use of Proceeds We are not selling any shares of Common Stock in this offering and, as a result, will not receive any proceeds from this offering. See “Use of Proceeds.”
   
Terms of the Offering The Selling Stockholders will determine when and how it will sell the Common Stock offered in this prospectus.
   
Risk Factors You should read the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus beginning on page 5 for a discussion of factors to consider carefully before deciding to invest in our securities.
   
NYSE American Symbol “ID”

 

(1) The number of shares of our Common Stock outstanding is based on 32,873,457 shares of our Common Stock outstanding as of January 25, 2021, and excludes, as of such date:

 

6,948,178 additional shares of Common Stock reserved and available for future issuances under our equity compensation plans; 
   
750,000 additional shares of Common Stock reserved for issuance pursuant to indemnification escrow obligations under the Business Combination Agreement (any unused portion of which reserved shares will be issued to Onyx Enterprises Canada Inc., Roman Gerashenko and Stanislav Royzenshteyn, each a Selling Stockholder, according to their pro rata share of common stock of Onyx prior to the Closing, pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement);
   
300,000 additional shares of Common Stock reserved for issuance pursuant to adjustment escrow obligations under the Business Combination Agreement (any unused portion of which reserved shares will be issued to Onyx Enterprises Canada Inc., Roman Gerashenko and Stanislav Royzenshteyn, each a Selling Stockholder, according to their pro rata share of common stock of Onyx prior to the Closing, pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement); and
   
1,502,129 additional shares of Common Stock that will be issued to Legacy Acquisition Sponsor I LLC, a Selling Stockholder, should the price per share of Common Stock exceed $15.00 for any thirty-day trading period during the 730 calendar days after the Closing.

 

4

 

 

RISK FACTORS

 

Any investment in our Common Stock involves a high degree of risk. Investors should carefully consider the risks described below and all of the information contained in this prospectus before deciding whether to purchase our Common Stock. Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected by these risks if any of them actually occur. The trading price of our securities could decline due to any of these risks, and, as a result, you may lose all or part of your investment. Additionally, the risks and uncertainties described in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement are not the only risks and uncertainties that we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may become material and adversely affect our business.

 

Risks Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic

 

The global COVID-19 pandemic could harm the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

 

The global spread of COVID-19 and related measures to contain its spread (such as government-mandated business closures and shelter-in-place guidelines) have created significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption. Although the COVID-19 pandemic and related measures to contain its spread have not adversely affected the Company’s results of operations to date, they have adversely affected certain components of the Company’s business, including by increasing cancellations and shipping times. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity in the future will depend on numerous evolving factors that it cannot predict, including the duration and scope of the pandemic; any resurgence or “second waves” of the pandemic; governmental, business and individuals’ actions that have been and continue to be taken in response to the pandemic; the impact of the pandemic on national and global economic activity, unemployment levels and financial markets; the potential for shipping difficulties, including slowed deliveries to customers; and the ability of consumers to pay for products. The COVID-19 pandemic has generally resulted in a decrease in consumer spending, which could have an adverse impact on the Company through reduced consumer demand for its products and availability of inventory. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused the Company to require employees to work remotely for an indefinite period of time, which could negatively impact its business and harm productivity and collaboration. If there is a prolonged impact of COVID-19, it could adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, perhaps materially. The future impact of COVID-19 and these containment measures cannot be predicted with certainty and may increase the Company’s borrowing costs and other costs of capital and otherwise adversely affect its business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the Company cannot assure that it will have access to external financing at times and on terms it considers acceptable, or at all, or that it will not experience other liquidity issues going forward.

 

To the extent the COVID-19 pandemic adversely affects the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition or liquidity, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this “Risk Factors” section.

 

Risks Related to the Company’s Business and Industry

 

The Company depends on search engines and other online sources to attract visitors to its digital commerce platform, and if the Company is unable to attract these visitors and convert them into customers in a cost-effective manner, its business and results of operations will be harmed.

 

The Company’s success depends on its ability to attract customers in a cost-effective manner. The Company’s investments in marketing may not effectively reach potential consumers or those consumers may not decide to buy from it or the volume of consumers that purchase from it may not yield the intended return on investment. In order to drive traffic to its digital commerce platform, the Company relies on relationships with providers of online services, search engines, shopping comparison sites and marketplace sites to provide content, advertising banners and other links. In particular, the Company relies on Google as an important marketing channel, and if Google changes its algorithms or if competition increases for advertisements on Google or the Company’s other marketing channels, the Company may be unable to cost-effectively attract customers to its products. During the year ended December 31, 2020, 51.1% of the Company’s revenue was directly attributable to organic and paid traffic from Google.

 

5

 

 

In addition, many of the parties with whom the Company has online-advertising arrangements could provide advertising services to other companies, including retailers with whom it competes. As competition for online advertising has increased, the cost for these services has also increased. A significant increase in the cost of the marketing channels upon which the Company relies could adversely impact its ability to attract customers in a cost-effective manner and harm its business and results of operations. Further, while the Company uses promotions as a way to drive sales, these promotional activities may not drive sales and may adversely affect its gross margins.

 

Similarly, if any free search engine, price comparison and shopping engine, or marketplace site on which the Company relies begins charging fees for listing or placement, or if one or more of the search engines, price comparison and shopping engines, marketplace sites or other online sources on which the Company relies for purchased listings increases their fees, or modifies or terminates its relationship with the Company, including by restricting certain categories of products, the Company’s expenses could rise, it could lose customers and traffic to its digital commerce platform could decrease. Moreover, if the use of price comparison and shopping engines by consumers continues to increase in popularity, the Company may face increased pricing pressure or suffer reduced sales as consumers are more readily able to price compare among online shopping platforms.

 

If the Company is unable to manage the challenges associated with its international operations, the growth of its business could be limited and its business could suffer.

 

The Company maintains international business operations in Ukraine, Belarus, the Philippines and Costa Rica. This international operation includes development and maintenance of the Company’s websites and call center and back-office support services. The Company is subject to a number of risks and challenges that specifically relate to its international operations. The Company’s international operations may not be successful if it is unable to meet and overcome these challenges, which could limit the growth of its business and may have an adverse effect on its business and operating results. These risks and challenges include:

 

difficulties and costs of staffing and managing foreign operations, including any impairment to its relationship with contractors caused by a reduction in force;

 

restrictions imposed by local labor practices and laws on its business and operations;

 

exposure to different business practices and legal standards;

 

unexpected changes in regulatory requirements;

 

the imposition of government controls and restrictions;

 

political, social and economic instability and the risk of war, terrorist activities or other international incidents;

 

the failure of telecommunications and connectivity infrastructure;

 

natural disasters and public health emergencies, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic; and

 

potentially adverse tax consequences, including the possible imposition of increased withholding taxes or the re-classification of contractors as employees under local law.

 

The Company’s growth strategy is dependent upon its ability to expand its “iD” branded store in industries outside automotive parts and accessories and to expand beyond its core “do-it-yourself” customer base into “business to business” and “do-it-for-me” customers.

 

While the Company’s digital commerce platform initially focused solely on automotive parts and accessories, management believes its platform is scalable and can be applied to other complex product portfolio industries, including the seven new parts and accessories verticals — semi truck, motorcycle, powersports, RV/camper, boating, recreation and tools — that the Company launched in August 2018. The Company has positioned these verticals under the “iD” brand and believes this will drive brand loyalty among customers and reputation among vendors, ultimately increasing customer orders from adjacent markets. However, the Company can provide no assurance that this strategy will be successful. The Company’s new parts and accessories verticals may fail to attract new customers or appeal to the Company’s existing customers of automotive products, or the customers of each vertical may be more segmented than the Company expects, thereby limiting its ability to develop cross-vertical brand loyalty. The Company may also struggle to populate its new verticals with a comprehensive assortment of products, which management believes is important to attract and retain customers. Within the automotive parts and accessories space, the Company’s growth strategy is focused on expanding beyond its core do-it-yourself customer base by increasing business-to-business sales and sales to do-it-for-me customers. These prospective customers may not be receptive to the Company’s marketing efforts, product offerings, or current speed of fulfillment or shipping, or may remain committed to using their existing suppliers. If for these or other reasons the Company is unable to execute its growth strategy, its results of operations and financial conditions could be adversely affected.

 

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Purchasers of aftermarket automotive parts and accessories may not choose to shop online, which would prevent the Company from acquiring new customers who are necessary to the growth of its business.

 

The online market for automotive parts and accessories is less developed than the online market for many other business and consumer products and currently represents only a small part of the overall automotive parts and accessories market. The Company’s success will depend in part on its ability to attract new customers and to convert customers who have historically purchased automotive parts and accessories through traditional retail and wholesale operations. Specific factors that could discourage or prevent prospective customers from purchasing from the Company include:

 

concerns about buying automotive parts and accessories without face-to-face interaction with sales personnel;

 

the inability to physically handle, examine and compare products;

 

delivery time associated with internet orders;

 

concerns about the security of online transactions and the privacy of personal information;

 

delayed shipments or shipments of incorrect or damaged products;

 

increased shipping costs;

 

the inconvenience associated with returning or exchanging items purchased online; and

 

limited or no installation options or support for many products purchased online.

 

If the online market for automotive parts and accessories does not gain widespread acceptance, the Company’s sales may decline and its business and financial results may suffer.

 

If demand for the Company’s products slow, then its business may be materially adversely affected.

 

Demand for the products the Company sells may be affected by a number of factors it cannot control, including:

 

the number of older vehicles in service. Vehicles seven years old or older are generally no longer under the original vehicle manufacturers’ warranties and tend to need more maintenance and repair than newer vehicles.

 

the economy. In periods of declining economic conditions, consumers may reduce their discretionary spending by deferring vehicle maintenance or repair. Additionally, such conditions may affect the Company’s customers’ ability to obtain credit. During periods of expansionary economic conditions, more of the Company’s do-it-yourself customers may pay others to repair and maintain their vehicles instead of working on their own vehicles, or they may purchase new vehicles.

 

the weather. Milder weather conditions may lower the failure rates of automotive parts, while extended periods of rain and winter precipitation may cause the Company’s customers to defer maintenance and repair on their vehicles.

 

technological advances. Advances in automotive technology, such as electric vehicles, and parts design can result in cars needing maintenance less frequently and parts lasting longer.

 

the number of miles vehicles are driven annually. Higher vehicle mileage increases the need for maintenance and repair. Mileage levels may be affected by gas prices, ride sharing, the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions to slow its spread and other factors.

 

COVID-19 and the related increase in online shopping. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2020, the Company’s traffic and conversion rate increased substantially and its telephone calls to online traffic ratio decreased, each of which the Company’s management attributes to the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions to slow its spread. The Company’s financial projections assume its traffic and conversion rate will remain elevated going forward and its telephone calls to online traffic ratio will remain lower, so any reversal of these factors could cause the Company to fail to achieve its projections.

 

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the quality of the vehicles manufactured by original vehicle manufacturers and the length of the warranties or maintenance offered on new vehicles.

 

restrictions on access to telematics and diagnostic tools and repair information imposed by the original vehicle manufacturers or by governmental regulation. These restrictions may cause vehicle owners to rely on dealers to perform maintenance and repairs.

 

decrease in vehicle ownership due to wider adoption of on-demand transportation and ride sharing services.

 

These factors could result in a decline in the demand for the Company’s products, which could adversely affect its business and overall financial condition.

 

The Company is dependent upon relationships with suppliers in Taiwan and China for the majority of its products.

 

The Company acquires a majority of its private label products, and its suppliers acquire a majority of their products, from manufacturers and distributors located in Taiwan and China. The Company does not have any long-term contracts or exclusive agreements with its foreign suppliers that would ensure its ability to acquire the types and quantities of products it desires at acceptable prices and in a timely manner or that would allow it to rely on customary indemnification protection with respect to any third-party claims similar to some of its U.S. suppliers.

 

In addition, because many of the Company’s direct and indirect suppliers are outside of the United States, additional factors could interrupt its relationships or affect its ability to acquire necessary products on acceptable terms, including:

 

political, social and economic instability and the risk of war or other international incidents in Asia or abroad;

 

fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates that may increase its cost of products;

 

imposition of duties, taxes, tariffs or other charges on imports;

 

difficulties in complying with import and export laws, regulatory requirements and restrictions;

 

natural disasters and public health emergencies, such as the outbreak of COVID-19;

 

import shipping delays resulting from foreign or domestic labor shortages, slow-downs, or stoppages;

 

the failure of local laws to provide a sufficient degree of protection against infringement of its intellectual property;

 

imposition of new legislation relating to import quotas or other restrictions that may limit the quantity of its product that may be imported into the U.S. from countries or regions where it does business;

 

financial or political instability in any of the countries in which its product is manufactured;

 

potential recalls or cancellations of orders for any product that does not meet its quality standards;

 

disruption of imports by labor disputes or strikes and local business practices;

 

political or military conflict involving the United States or any country in which its suppliers are located, which could cause a delay in the transportation of its products, an increase in transportation costs and additional risk to product being damaged and delivered on time;

 

heightened terrorism security concerns, which could subject imported goods to additional, more frequent or more thorough inspections, leading to delays in deliveries or impoundment of goods for extended periods;

 

inability of its non-U.S. suppliers to obtain adequate credit or access liquidity to finance their operations; and

 

its ability to enforce any agreements with its foreign suppliers.

 

If the Company were unable to import products from China and Taiwan or were unable to import products from China and Taiwan in a cost-effective manner, it could suffer irreparable harm to its business and be required to significantly curtail its operations, file for bankruptcy or cease operations.

 

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From time to time, the Company may also have to resort to administrative and court proceedings to enforce its legal rights with foreign suppliers. However, it may be more difficult to evaluate the level of legal protection the Company enjoys in Taiwan and China and the corresponding outcome of any administrative or court proceedings than in comparison to its suppliers in the United States.

 

The Company depends on third-party delivery services to deliver products to its customers on a timely and consistent basis, and any deterioration in its relationship with any one of these third parties or increases in the fees that they charge could harm its reputation and adversely affect its business and financial condition.

 

The Company relies on third parties for the shipment of products, and it cannot be sure that these relationships will continue on terms favorable to it, or at all. Shipping costs have increased from time to time, and may continue to increase, and the Company may not be able to pass these costs directly to its customers. Any increased shipping costs could harm the Company’s business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations by increasing its costs of doing business and reducing gross margins, which could negatively affect its operating results. In addition, the Company utilizes a variety of shipping methods for outbound logistics. For outbound logistics, the Company relies on “Less-than-Truckload,” or LTL, and parcel freight based upon the product and quantities being shipped and customer delivery requirements. These outbound freight costs have increased on a year-over-year basis and may continue to increase in the future. The Company also ships a number of oversized automotive parts and accessories, which may trigger additional shipping costs by third-party delivery services. Any increases in fees or any increased use of LTL would increase the Company’s shipping costs, which could negatively affect its operating results.

 

In addition, if the Company’s relationships with these third parties, especially the single carrier the Company relies upon for the majority of its shipping needs, are terminated or impaired, or if these third parties are unable to deliver products for the Company, whether due to a labor shortage, slow down or stoppage, deteriorating financial or business conditions, responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, terrorist attacks or for any other reason, the Company would be required to use alternative carriers for the shipment of products to its customers. Changing carriers could have a negative effect on the Company’s business and operating results due to reduced visibility of order status and package tracking and delays in order processing and product delivery, and it may be unable to engage alternative carriers on a timely basis, upon terms favorable to it, or at all.

 

The Company relies on bandwidth and data center providers and other third parties to provide products to its customers, and any failure or interruption in the services provided by these third parties could disrupt its business and cause it to lose customers.

 

The Company relies on third-party vendors, including data center and bandwidth providers. Any disruption in the network access or co-location services, which are the services that house and provide internet access to the Company’s servers, provided by these third-party providers or any failure of these third-party providers to handle current or higher volumes of use could significantly harm the Company’s business. Any financial or other difficulties the Company’s providers face may have negative effects on its business, the nature and extent of which cannot be predicted. The Company exercises little control over these third-party vendors, which increases its vulnerability to problems with the services they provide. The Company also licenses technology and related databases from third parties to facilitate elements of its digital commerce platform. The Company has experienced and expects to continue to experience interruptions and delays in service and availability for these elements. Any errors, failures, interruptions or delays experienced in connection with these third-party technologies could negatively impact the Company’s relationship with its customers and adversely affect its business. The Company’s systems also heavily depend on the availability of electricity, which also comes from third-party providers. If the Company were to experience a major power outage, it would have to rely on back-up generators. These back-up generators may not operate properly through a major power outage, and their fuel supply could also be inadequate during a major power outage. Information systems such as the Company’s may be disrupted by even brief power outages, or by the fluctuations in power resulting from switches to and from backup generators. This could disrupt the Company’s business and cause it to lose customers.

 

The Company is highly dependent upon key suppliers.

 

The Company’s top ten product suppliers represented approximately 33.4% of its total revenue during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. The Company’s ability to acquire products from its suppliers in amounts and on terms acceptable to it is dependent upon a number of factors that could affect its suppliers and which are beyond its control. For example, financial or operational difficulties that some of the Company’s suppliers may face could result in an increase in the cost of the products it purchases from them. If the Company does not maintain its relationships with its existing suppliers or develop relationships with new suppliers on acceptable commercial terms, it may not be able to continue to offer a broad selection of merchandise at competitive prices and, as a result, it could lose customers and its sales could decline.

 

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The Company outsources the distribution and fulfillment operation for most of the products it sells and is dependent on drop-ship suppliers to manage inventory, process orders and distribute those products to its customers in a timely manner. For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, products shipped by drop-ship suppliers represented the vast majority of the Company’s total revenue. Because the Company outsources a number of traditional retail functions to suppliers, it has limited control over how and when orders are fulfilled. The Company also has limited control over the products that its suppliers purchase or keep in stock. The Company’s suppliers may not accurately forecast the products that will be in high demand or they may allocate popular products to other resellers, resulting in the unavailability of certain products for delivery to the Company’s customers. Any inability to offer a broad array of products at competitive prices and any failure to deliver those products to the Company’s customers in a timely and accurate manner may damage the Company’s reputation and brand and could cause it to lose customers and its sales to decline.

 

In addition, the increasing consolidation among automotive parts and accessories suppliers may disrupt or end the Company’s relationship with some suppliers, result in product shortages and/or lead to less competition and, consequently, higher prices. Furthermore, as part of its routine business, suppliers extend credit to the Company in connection with its purchase of their products. In the future, the Company’s suppliers may limit the amount of credit they are willing to extend to the Company in connection with its purchase of their products, including as a result of the Company’s public disclosure of its financial statements for the first time. If this were to occur, it could impair the Company’s ability to acquire the types and quantities of products that it desires from the applicable suppliers on acceptable terms, severely impact its liquidity and capital resources, limit its ability to operate its business and could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Company is dependent on its suppliers to supply it with products that comply with safety and quality standards at competitive prices and to comply with the terms of their stated customer warranties.

 

The Company is dependent on its vendors continuing to supply quality products at favorable prices. If the Company’s merchandise offerings do not meet its customers’ expectations regarding safety and quality, it could experience lost sales, increased costs and exposure to legal and reputational risk. All of the Company’s suppliers must comply with applicable product safety laws, and the Company is dependent on them to ensure that the products its customers buy comply with all safety and quality standards. Events that give rise to actual, potential or perceived product safety concerns could expose the Company to government enforcement action and private litigation and result in costly product recalls and other liabilities. To the extent the Company’s suppliers are subject to additional governmental regulation of their product design and/or manufacturing processes, the cost of the merchandise it purchases may rise. In addition, negative customer perceptions regarding the safety or quality of the products the Company sells could cause its customers to seek alternative sources for their needs, resulting in lost sales. In those circumstances, it may be difficult and costly for the Company to regain the confidence of its customers.

 

The Company is also dependent on its suppliers to comply with the terms of their stated customer product warranties. To the extent that the Company’s suppliers fail to satisfy legitimate warranty claims asserted by the Company’s customers, the Company may be directly responsible for reimbursing such customers, which could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition and results of operations, particularly if one or more of the Company’s larger suppliers fails to honor its warranty obligations.

 

The Company is dependent on a single independent company in Ukraine to recruit and manage its development team and back-office support.

 

The Company’s development team and back-office support is recruited and managed by a single independent company in Ukraine. If this company is unable or unwilling to perform according to the terms and timetable agreed to with the Company or if the company terminates its relationship with the Company, the Company may be unable to engage a substitute on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. This would likely result in temporary service disruptions and increased costs, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

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If the Company fails to offer a broad selection of products at competitive prices or fails to locate sufficient inventory to meet customer demands, its revenue could decline.

 

In order to expand its business, the Company must successfully offer, on a continuous basis, a broad selection of automotive parts and accessories that meet the needs of its customers. Products sold by the Company are used by consumers for a variety of purposes, including repair, performance, improved aesthetics and functionality. In addition, to be successful, the Company’s product offerings must be broad and deep in scope, competitively priced, well-made, innovative and attractive to a wide range of consumers. The Company cannot predict with certainty that it will be successful in offering products that meet all of these requirements. Moreover, even if the Company offers a broad selection of products at competitive prices, it must maintain access to sufficient inventory to meet consumer demand. If the Company’s product offerings fail to satisfy its customers’ requirements or respond to changes in customer preferences or if the Company otherwise fails to locate sufficient inventory to meet customer demands, its revenue could decline.

 

Shifting online consumer behavior regarding automotive parts and accessories could adversely impact the Company’s financial results and the growth of its business.

 

Shifting consumer behavior indicates that the Company’s customers are becoming more inclined to shop for automotive parts and accessories through their mobile devices. For the year ended December 31, 2020, approximately 49% of the Company’s revenue and 64% of its traffic was attributable to mobile customers. Mobile customers exhibit different behaviors than more traditional desktop-based e-commerce customers. User sophistication and technological advances have increased consumer expectations around the user experience on mobile devices, including speed of response, functionality, product availability, security, and ease of use. If the Company is unable to continue to adapt its mobile device shopping experience in ways that improve its customers’ mobile experience and increase the engagement of its mobile customers, the Company’s sales may decline and its business and financial results may suffer.

 

If commodity prices such as fuel, plastic and steel increase, the Company’s margins may be negatively impacted.

 

Increasing prices in the component materials for the parts the Company sells may impact the availability, the quality and the price of its products, as suppliers search for alternatives to existing materials and increase the prices they charge. The Company cannot ensure that it can recover all the increased costs through price increases, and its suppliers may not continue to provide a consistent quality of product as they may substitute lower cost materials to maintain pricing levels, all of which may have a negative impact on the Company’s business and results of operations.

 

The Company faces intense competition and operates in an industry with limited barriers to entry, and some of its competitors may have greater resources than it and may be better positioned to capitalize on the growing online automotive aftermarket parts and accessories market.

 

The parts and accessories industries in which the Company sells its products are competitive and fragmented, and products are distributed through multi-tiered and overlapping channels. The Company competes with both online and offline sellers that offer parts and accessories, repair parts and original equipment manufacturer parts to either the do-it-yourself or the do-it-for-me consumer segments. Current or potential competitors include (i) online retailers, including both niche retailers of uncommon, highly specialized products and general retailers of a larger number of broadly available products; (ii) national parts retailers such as Advance Auto Parts, AutoZone, NAPA and O’Reilly Auto Parts; (iii) internet-based marketplaces such as Amazon.com and eBay.com; (iv) discount stores and mass merchandisers; (v) local independent retailers; (vi) wholesale parts distributors and (vii) manufacturers, brand suppliers and other distributors selling online directly to consumers.

 

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Barriers to entry are low, and current and new competitors can launch websites at a relatively low cost. Many of the Company’s current and potential competitors have longer operating histories, larger customer bases, greater brand recognition and significantly greater financial, marketing, technical, management and other resources than it does. For example, in the event that online marketplace companies such as Amazon or eBay, who have larger customer bases, greater brand recognition and significantly greater resources than the Company does, focus more of their resources on competing in the automotive parts and accessories market, it could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and results of operations. In addition, some of the Company’s competitors have used and may continue to use aggressive pricing tactics and devote substantially more financial resources to website and system development than the Company does. The Company expects that competition will further intensify in the future as internet use and online commerce continue to grow worldwide. Increased competition may result in reduced sales, lower operating margins, reduced profitability, loss of market share and diminished brand recognition.

 

Additionally, the Company has experienced significant competitive pressure from certain of its suppliers who are now selling their products directly to customers. Since the Company’s suppliers have access to merchandise at very low costs, they can sell products at lower prices and maintain higher gross margins on their product sales than the Company can. The Company’s financial results have been negatively impacted by direct sales from its suppliers to its current and potential customers, and the Company’s total number of orders and average order value may decline due to increased competition. Continued competition from the Company’s suppliers may also continue to negatively impact its business and results of operations, including through reduced sales, lower operating margins, reduced profitability, loss of market share and diminished brand recognition. The Company has implemented and will continue to implement several strategies to attempt to overcome the challenges created by its suppliers selling directly to its customers and potential customers, including optimizing its pricing, continuing to increase its mix of private label products and improving its diligence commerce platform, which may not be successful. If these strategies are not successful, the Company’s results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.

 

The Company relies on key personnel and may need additional personnel for the success and growth of its business.

 

The Company’s business is largely dependent on the personal efforts and abilities of highly skilled executive, technical, managerial, merchandising, marketing, and call center personnel. Competition for such personnel is intense, and the Company cannot assure that it will be successful in attracting and retaining such personnel. The loss of any key employee or the Company’s inability to attract or retain other qualified employees could harm its business and results of operations.

 

The Company generates a portion of its revenue from advertising, and reduced spending by advertisers or new and existing technologies that block ads online could harm its business.

 

The Company generates a portion of its revenue from the display of ads online. Expenditures by advertisers tend to be cyclical, reflecting overall economic conditions and budgeting and buying patterns. Adverse macroeconomic conditions can have a material adverse effect on the demand for advertising and cause the Company’s advertisers to reduce the amounts they spend on advertising, which could harm its results of operations and financial condition.

 

Changes to the automotive industry and consumer views on vehicle ownership could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

The automotive industry is predicted to experience rapid change in the years to come, including increases in ride-sharing services, advances in electric vehicle production and driverless technology. Ride-sharing services such as Uber and Lyft provide consumers with mobility options outside of traditional vehicle ownership. Manufacturers also continue to invest in increasing production and quality of battery-electric vehicles, which generally require less maintenance than traditional cars and trucks and may be more difficult for do-it-yourself customers to repair. Technological advances are also facilitating the development of driverless vehicles, which may further reduce the need for vehicle ownership. If sales of automotive parts and accessories decline as a result of these or other changes to the automotive industry, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.

 

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Risks Related to the Company’s Finances

 

During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, the Company recorded a net loss, and its net losses may have continued during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

 

During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, the Company incurred a net loss of $655,840, compared to a net loss of $640,403 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. If the Company’s net losses continued during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 and continue during fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, they could impact the Company’s liquidity, as it may not be able to provide positive cash flows from operations in order to meet its working capital requirements. The Company may need to sell additional assets or seek additional equity or additional debt financing in the future. In such case, there can be no assurance that the Company would be able to raise such additional financing or engage in such asset sales on acceptable terms, or at all. If the Company’s net losses were to continue, and if the Company is not able to raise adequate additional financing or proceeds from asset sales to continue to fund its ongoing operations, it will need to defer, reduce or eliminate significant planned expenditures, restructure or significantly curtail its operations, file for bankruptcy or cease operations.

 

The Company may not generate sufficient cash flows to cover its operating expenses, and any failure to obtain additional capital could jeopardize its operations and the cost of capital may be high.

 

As of September 30, 2020, the Company had negative working capital of approximately $13.7 million, and its negative working capital has increased by approximately $10.0 million as a result of the Business Combination. In the event that the Company is unable to generate sufficient cash from its operating activities or obtain financing, it could be required to delay, reduce or discontinue its operations and ongoing business efforts. Even if the Company is able to raise capital, it may raise capital by selling equity securities, which will be dilutive to existing stockholders. If the Company incurs additional indebtedness, costs of financing may be extremely high, and the Company will be subject to default risks associated with such indebtedness, which may harm its ability to continue its operations.

 

Changes in customer, product, vendor or sourcing sales mix could cause the Company’s gross margin and ultimately operating margins to decline; failure to mitigate these pressures could adversely affect its results of operations and financial condition.

 

The Company’s gross margins are dependent on the mix of products it sells, decisions to drop-ship rather than stock products in its distribution centers, decisions to offer private label alternatives or branded offerings, price changes by manufacturers, and pricing actions by competitors. In addition, the Company’s margin could be adversely affected by any consumer shift away from its private label products.

 

The unaudited pro forma financial information included herein is not indicative of what our actual financial position or results of operations would have been.

 

The unaudited pro forma financial information included herein is presented for illustrative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of what our actual financial position or results of operations would have been had the Business Combination been completed on the dates indicated.

 

Risks Related to Regulation and Tax

 

Regulation in the areas of privacy and protection of user data could harm the Company’s business.

 

The Company is subject to laws relating to the collection, use, retention, security, and transfer of personally identifiable information about its users around the world. Much of the personal information that the Company collects, especially financial information, is regulated by multiple laws. User data protection laws may be interpreted and applied inconsistently from country to country. These laws continue to develop in ways the Company cannot predict and that may harm its business.

 

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Regulatory scrutiny of privacy, user data protection, use of data and data collection is increasing on a global basis. The Company is subject to a number of privacy and similar laws and regulations in the countries in which it operates, and these laws and regulations will likely continue to evolve over time, both through regulatory and legislative action and judicial decisions. In addition, compliance with these laws may restrict the Company’s ability to provide services to its customers that they may find to be valuable. For example, the General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) became effective in May 2018. The GDPR, which applies to all of the Company’s activities conducted from an establishment in the European Union or related to products and services offered in the European Union, imposes a range of new compliance obligations regarding the handling of personal data. The GDPR imposes significant new obligations and compliance with these obligations depends in part on how particular regulators interpret and apply them. If the Company fails to comply with the GDPR, or if regulators assert the Company has failed to comply with the GDPR, it may lead to regulatory enforcement actions, which can result in monetary penalties of up to 4% of worldwide revenue, private lawsuits, or reputational damage. In the United States, California has adopted the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018 (“CCPA”), which became effective January 1, 2020 and which provides a new private right of action for data breaches and requires companies that process information on California residents to make new disclosures to consumers about their data collection, use and sharing practices and allows consumers to opt out of certain data sharing with third parties. In addition to the CCPA, several other U.S. states are considering adopting laws and regulations imposing obligations regarding the handling of personal data. Compliance with the GDPR, the CCPA, and other current and future applicable international and U.S. privacy, cybersecurity and related laws can be costly and time-consuming. Complying with these varying national and international requirements could cause the Company to incur substantial costs or require it to change its business practices in a manner adverse to its business, and violations of privacy-related laws can result in significant penalties.

 

A determination that there have been violations of laws relating to the Company’s practices under communications-based laws could also expose it to significant damage awards, fines and other penalties that could, individually or in the aggregate, materially harm its business. In particular, because of the enormous number of emails and other communications the Company sends to its users, communications laws that provide a specified monetary damage award or fine for each violation (such as those described below) could result in particularly large awards or fines.

 

For example, the Federal Communications Commission amended certain of its regulations under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, or TCPA, in 2012 and 2013 in a manner that could increase the Company’s exposure to liability for certain types of telephonic communication with customers. Under the TCPA, plaintiffs may seek actual monetary loss or statutory damages of $500 per violation, whichever is greater, and courts may treble the damage award for willful or knowing violations. Given the enormous number of communications the Company sends to its users, a determination that there have been violations of the TCPA or other communications-based statutes could expose the Company to significant damage awards that could, individually or in the aggregate, materially harm its business.

 

The Company posts on its websites its privacy policies and practices concerning the collection, use and disclosure of user data. Any failure, or perceived failure, by the Company to comply with its posted privacy policies or with any regulatory requirements or orders or other federal, state or international privacy or consumer protection-related laws and regulations, including the GDPR and the CCPA, could result in proceedings or actions against it by governmental entities or others (e.g., class action privacy litigation), subject it to significant penalties and negative publicity, require it to change its business practices, increase its costs and adversely affect its business. Data collection, privacy and security have become the subject of increasing public concern. If internet and mobile users were to reduce their use of the Company’s websites, mobile platforms, products, and services as a result of these concerns, its business could be harmed. As noted above, the Company is subject to the possibility of security breaches, which themselves may result in a violation of these laws.

 

The Company is subject to various federal, state and local laws and governmental regulations relating to the operation of its business, which may affect the way the Company conducts its operations.

 

The Company is subject to various federal, state and local laws and governmental regulations relating to the operation of its business, including those governing the use and transportation of hazardous substances and emissions-related standards, established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, or the EPA, and similar state-level regulators, including the California Air Resources Board, or CARB.

 

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While the Company has processes in place to ensure that products are sold in compliance with the requirements imposed by the EPA and similar state-level regulators, all verification processes have inherent limitations. The Company has been, is currently, and may in the future be the subject of regulatory proceedings initiated by the EPA, CARB or other applicable regulatory bodies, and the results of such proceedings are uncertain. For additional information, see the section titled “Business—Legal Proceedings.”

 

Although management believes that the Company is in substantial compliance with currently applicable environmental laws, rules, and regulations, it is unable to predict the ultimate impact of adopted or future laws, rules, and regulations on its business, properties or products. Such laws, rules, or regulations may cause the Company to incur significant expenses to achieve or maintain compliance, may require it to modify its product offerings, may adversely affect the price of or demand for some of its products, and may ultimately affect the way the Company conducts its operations. Failure to comply with these current or future laws, rules, or regulations could result in harm to the Company’s reputation and/or could lead to fines and other penalties, including restrictions on the importation of the Company’s products into, or the sale of its products in, one or more jurisdictions until compliance is achieved.

 

The Company could be required to collect additional sales taxes or be subject to other tax liabilities that may increase the costs its customers would have to pay for its products and adversely affect its operating results.

 

In general, the Company has not historically collected state or local sales, use, or other similar taxes in any jurisdictions in which it believed it did not have a tax nexus. In addition, the Company has not historically collected state or local sales, use, or other similar taxes in certain jurisdictions in which it does have a physical presence, in reliance on applicable exemptions. On June 21, 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court decided, in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc., that state and local jurisdictions may, at least in certain circumstances, enforce a sales and use tax collection obligation on remote vendors that have no physical presence in such jurisdiction. A number of states have already begun, or have positioned themselves to begin, requiring sales and use tax collection by remote vendors and/or by online marketplaces. The details and effective dates of these collection requirements vary from state to state. While we believe we now collect, remit, and report sales tax in all required states, it is still possible that one or more jurisdictions may assert that we have liability for previous periods for which we did not collect sales, use, or other similar taxes, and if such an assertion or assertions were successful it could result in substantial tax liabilities, including for past sales taxes and penalties and interest, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, and operating results.

 

Certain U.S. state tax authorities could assert that the Company has nexus in that state and seek to impose state and local income taxes which could harm its results of operations.

 

For the tax year ending December 31, 2019, and for years prior thereto, the Company filed state income tax returns in New Jersey. There is a risk that state tax authorities in other states could assert that the Company is liable for state and local income taxes based upon income or gross receipts allocable to such states because the Company has nexus with those states. The Company could then be subject to state and local taxation in other states, in lieu of or in addition to, taxation in New Jersey. Penalties and interest could apply to unpaid tax attributable to prior periods. Such tax assessments, penalties and interest may adversely impact the Company’s results of operations and financial position.

 

Risks Related to Intellectual Property and Cybersecurity

 

Any failure to maintain the security of the information relating to the Company’s customers, employees and vendors, whether as a result of cybersecurity attacks on its information systems or otherwise, could damage its reputation, result in litigation or other legal actions against it, cause it to incur substantial additional costs, and materially adversely affect its business and results of operations.

 

Like most retailers, the Company receives and stores in its information systems personal information about its customers, employees and vendors. Most of this information is stored digitally in connection with the Company’s digital commerce platform. the Company also utilizes third-party service providers for a variety of reasons, including, without limitation, for digital storage technology, back-office support, and other functions. Such providers may have access to information the Company holds about its customers, employees or vendors. In addition, the Company depends upon the secure transmission of confidential information over public networks, including information permitting cashless payments.

 

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Cyber threats are rapidly evolving and those threats and the means for obtaining access to information in digital and other storage media are becoming increasingly sophisticated. Cyber threats and cyber-attackers can be sponsored by countries or sophisticated criminal organizations or be the work of hackers with a wide range of motives and expertise. The Company and the businesses with which it interacts have experienced and continue to experience threats to data and systems, including by perpetrators of random or targeted malicious cyber-attacks, computer viruses, worms, bot attacks or other destructive or disruptive software and attempts to misappropriate customer information, including credit card information, and cause system failures and disruptions. Some of the Company’s systems have experienced security breaches in the past, and there can be no assurance that similar breaches will not recur in the future.

 

Employee error or malfeasance, faulty password management, social engineering or other irregularities may also result in a defeat of the Company or its third-party service providers’ security measures and a breach of its or their information systems. Moreover, hardware, software or applications the Company uses may have inherent vulnerabilities or defects of design, manufacture or operations or could be inadvertently or intentionally implemented or used in a manner that could compromise information security.

 

Any compromise of the Company’s data security systems or of those of businesses with which it interacts, which results in confidential information being accessed, obtained, damaged, modified, lost or used by unauthorized or improper persons, could harm the Company’s reputation and expose it to regulatory actions, customer attrition, remediation expenses, and claims from customers, employees, vendors, financial institutions, payment card networks and other persons, any of which could materially and adversely affect the Company’s business operations, financial condition and results of operations. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems change frequently and may not immediately produce signs of a compromise, the Company may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures, and the Company or its third-party service providers may not discover any security breach, vulnerability or compromise of information for a significant period of time after the security incident occurs.

 

In addition, such events could be widely publicized and could materially adversely affect the Company’s reputation with its customers, employees, vendors and stockholders, could harm its competitive position with respect to other digital commerce websites, and could result in a material reduction in net sales from its digital commerce platform. Such events could also result in the release to the public of confidential information about the Company’s operations and financial condition and performance and could result in litigation or other legal actions against the Company or the imposition of penalties, fines, fees or liabilities, which may not be covered by its insurance policies. Moreover, a security compromise could require the Company to devote significant management resources to address the problems created by the issue and to expend significant additional resources to upgrade further the security measures it employs to guard personal and confidential information against cyber-attacks and other attempts to access or otherwise compromise such information and could result in a disruption of its operations.

 

The Company accepts payments using a variety of methods, including credit and debit cards, online payment systems such as PayPal, Google Pay, Affirm and gift cards, and it may offer new payment options over time. As an online retailer, the Company is reliant upon third-party payment processors to sell its products, and any interruption to the services provided by such payment processors, including as a result of payment disputes, would have an immediate impact on the Company’s cash flows, financial position and results of operations. Third-party payment processors may also increase their fees or increase the minimum reserves on the Company’s accounts, which could decrease the Company’s profit margin and impair the Company’s liquidity, respectively.

 

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As a retailer accepting debit and credit cards for payment, the Company also is subject to various industry data protection standards and protocols, such as payment network security operating guidelines and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. The Company cannot be certain that the security measures it maintains to protect all of its information technology systems are able to prevent, contain or detect cyber-attacks, cyber terrorism, security breaches or other compromises from known malware or other threats that may be developed in the future. To the extent that any cyber-attack or incursion in the Company or one of its third-party service provider’s information systems results in the loss, damage, misappropriation or other compromise of information, the Company may be materially adversely affected by claims from customers, financial institutions, regulatory authorities, payment card networks and others. In certain circumstances, the Company’s contracts with payment card processors and payment card networks (such as Visa, Mastercard, American Express and Discover) generally require the Company to adhere to payment card network rules, which could make it liable to payment card issuers and others if information in connection with payment cards and payment card transactions that it processes is compromised or if the Company permits fraudulent purchases on its platform, which liabilities could be substantial. If the event of a material increase in fraudulent purchases on the Company’s platform, payment card processors and payment card networks could refuse to process further payments for purchases on the Company’s platform, which would materially impact the Company’s results of operations and financial position.

 

If the Company’s proprietary data catalog is stolen, misappropriated or damaged, or if a competitor is able to create a substantially similar database without infringing the Company’s rights, then the Company may lose an important competitive advantage.

 

The Company has invested significant resources and time to build and maintain its proprietary data catalog, which maps stock-keeping units, to relevant product applications based on vehicle years, makes, and models. Management believes that the Company’s data catalog provides it with an important competitive advantage in both driving traffic to its digital commerce platform and converting that traffic to revenue by enabling customers to quickly locate the parts and accessories they require. The Company cannot assure you that it will be able to protect its data catalog from unauthorized copying or theft or that such database will continue to operate adequately, without any technological challenges. In addition, it is possible that a competitor could develop a catalog or database that is similar to or more comprehensive than the Company’s data catalog, without infringing the Company’s rights. In the event its data catalog is damaged or is stolen, copied or otherwise replicated to compete with the Company, whether lawfully or not, the Company may lose an important competitive advantage and its business could be harmed.

 

Claims of intellectual property infringement by parts manufacturers, distributors or retailers to the validity of aftermarket parts and accessories or related marketing materials could adversely affect the Company’s business.

 

Parts manufacturers, distributors and retailers have asserted claims of intellectual property infringement against retailers of aftermarket products, including the Company. The Company has received in the past, and anticipates receiving in the future, communications alleging that certain products it sells infringe the patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade names or other intellectual property rights of parts manufacturers, distributors or retailers. Other parts retailers have also asserted ownership of product images that were provided by suppliers for the Company to use on its online platform. While the Company now has processes in place to prevent the use of unauthorized product images on its platform, there can be no assurance that such processes will work as intended or prevent future infringement claims.

 

Infringement claims could result in increased costs of doing business arising from new importing requirements, increased port and carrier fees and legal expenses, adverse judgments or settlements or changes to the Company’s business practices required to settle such claims or satisfy any judgments. Litigation or regulatory enforcement could also result in interpretations of the law that require the Company to change its business practices or otherwise increase its costs and harm its business. The Company may not maintain sufficient, or any, insurance coverage to cover the types of claims that could be asserted. If a successful claim were brought against the Company, it could expose the Company to significant liability.

 

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If the Company is unable to protect its intellectual property rights, its reputation and brand could be impaired and it could lose customers.

 

The Company regards its trademarks, trade secrets and similar intellectual property such as its “iD” brand, its proprietary digital commerce platform, its proprietary data catalog and its back-end order processing and fulfillment code and process as important to its success. The Company relies on trademark, patent and copyright law, and trade secret protection, and confidentiality and/or license agreements with employees, customers, partners and others to protect its proprietary rights. The Company cannot be certain that it has taken adequate steps to protect its proprietary rights, especially in countries where the laws may not protect its rights as fully as in the United States. In addition, the Company’s proprietary rights may be infringed or misappropriated, and the Company could be required to incur significant expenses to preserve them. In the past, the Company has filed litigation to protect its intellectual property rights, including its “iD” brand. The outcome of such litigation can be uncertain, and the cost of prosecuting such litigation may have an adverse impact on the Company’s earnings. The Company has common law trademarks, as well as pending federal trademark registrations for several marks and several registered marks. However, any registrations may not adequately cover the Company’s intellectual property or protect it against infringement by others. Effective trademark, service mark, copyright, patent and trade secret protection may not be available in every country in which the Company’s products may be made available online. The Company also currently owns or controls a number of internet domain names, including www.carid.com, www.truckid.com, www.motorcycleid.com, www.powersportsid.com, www.camperid.com, www.boatid.com, www.recreationid.com and www.toolsid.com, and has invested time and money in the purchase of domain names and other intellectual property, which may be impaired if it cannot protect such intellectual property. The Company may be unable to protect these domain names or acquire or maintain relevant domain names in the United States and in other countries. If the Company is not able to protect its trademarks, domain names or other intellectual property, it may experience difficulties in achieving and maintaining brand recognition and customer loyalty.

 

The Company’s digital commerce platform is dependent on open-source software, which exposes it to uncertainty and potential liability.

 

The Company utilizes open-source software such as Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP, and Perl throughout its digital commerce platform and supporting infrastructure, although it has created proprietary programs. Open-source software is maintained and upgraded by a general community of software developers under various open-source licenses, including the GNU General Public License, or GPL. These developers are under no obligation to maintain, enhance or provide any fixes or updates to this software in the future. Additionally, under the terms of the GPL and other open-source licenses, the Company may be forced to release to the public source-code internally developed by it pursuant to such licenses. Furthermore, if any of these developers contribute any code of others to any of the software that the Company uses, the Company may be exposed to claims and liability for intellectual property infringement and may also be forced to implement changes to the code-base for this software or replace this software with internally developed or commercially licensed software.

 

System failures, including failures due to natural disasters or other catastrophic events, could prevent access to the Company’s digital commerce platform, which could reduce its net sales and harm its reputation.

 

The Company’s sales would decline and it could lose existing or potential customers if it is not able to access its digital commerce platform or if its digital commerce platform, transactions processing systems or network infrastructure do not perform to its customers’ satisfaction. Any internet network interruptions or problems with the Company’s digital commerce platform could:

 

prevent customers from accessing such digital commerce platform;

 

reduce its ability to fulfill orders or bill customers;

 

reduce the number of products that it sells;

 

cause customer dissatisfaction; or

 

damage its brand and reputation.

 

The Company has experienced brief computer system interruptions in the past, and it believes they may continue to occur from time to time in the future. The Company’s systems and operations are also vulnerable to damage or interruption from a number of sources, including a natural disaster or other catastrophic event such as an earthquake, typhoon, volcanic eruption, fire, flood, terrorist attack, political unrest, computer viruses, power loss, telecommunications failure, physical and electronic break-ins, hardware failures, hosting issues, domain name system issues, distributed denial-of-service attacks, content management system issues, malicious hackers, lapses in maintenance, and other similar events. The Company also maintains offshore and outsourced operations in the Philippines, an area that has been subjected to a typhoon and a volcanic eruption in the past, and Costa Rica, a seismically active region. The Company’s engineering and product data development team is located in Ukraine and Belarus, which have been the subject of political unrest. Natural disasters or other catastrophic events may recur in the future and could disrupt the operation of the Company’s business. The Company’s technology infrastructure is also vulnerable to computer viruses, physical or electronic break-ins and similar disruptions, and not all of the Company’s systems and data are fully redundant. Any substantial disruption of the Company’s technology infrastructure could cause interruptions or delays in its business and loss of data or render it unable to accept and fulfill customer orders or operate its digital commerce platform in a timely manner, or at all.

 

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Risks Related to Litigation

 

The Company’s business could be adversely affected by an ongoing legal proceeding with certain stockholders.

 

In March 2018, the founders of Onyx, predecessor to the Company, which founders then owned 48% of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock, filed a lawsuit against the then majority stockholder, which had acquired its 52% interest in Onyx in July 2015, and against Prashant Pathak, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company, and certain other individuals and affiliates related to the majority stockholder. The minority stockholders allege, among other things, that they agreed to sell their shares in Onyx in reliance upon statements of the majority stockholder, Mr. Pathak and the other defendants that they subsequently would bring additional investors and capital to Onyx, and that the defendants fraudulently and intentionally made material misstatements concerning Onyx’s valuation to potential investors. The claims of the minority stockholders involve various theories of fraud, breach of fiduciary duties, oppression of minority stockholders, and tortious interference with their prospective economic relations. None of the claims allege breach of any of the contracts entered into in connection with the July 2015 sale of shares to the majority stockholder. The majority stockholder filed counterclaims against the minority stockholders alleging breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, breach of contract and breach of implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, among other claims, and filed a third party claim against the Company for indemnification. The Company’s insurance carrier denied coverage for the indemnification claim by the majority stockholder, and the Company has created a reserve with respect to that claim.

 

On September 30, 2020 certain of Onyx’s minority stockholders filed a motion and form of order seeking to have one of its executive officers removed from his position, and demanding (i) that such officer repay all amounts paid to him since August 4, 2020, and (ii) that Onyx seek repayment of legal and auditing fees incurred. That motion was denied on January 21, 2021 by the Special Master. The Report of the Special Master is subject to review and approval by the Court.

 

Depending upon the outcome of certain claims in the legal proceeding, the Company could be responsible for reimbursement of fees, costs and expenses of the plaintiffs under its legacy indemnification obligations pursuant to indemnification contracts with the respective plaintiffs, its charter and bylaws and New Jersey law. While all or a portion of any such indemnification obligations may be paid by the Company’s directors’ and officers’ insurance, there can be no assurance as to the amounts that would be paid, if any, by the insurance carriers.

 

Additionally, among other forms of relief sought, the plaintiffs are seeking rescission of the sale of the 52% interest to the majority stockholder. If granted, a rescission could have a negative impact on the Company, including the transfer of a majority of its outstanding common stock to the minority stockholders. If any equitable adjustment of the ownership interests of the Company’s current majority stockholder is made, such actions could result in the resignation or removal of Mr. Pathak or the other designee of the majority stockholder from the Company’s board of directors and/or members of the Company’s management team. Accordingly, the legal proceeding could adversely affect the functioning of the Company’s board of directors and/or executive officers, lead to management distraction and interfere with the Company’s operations, any of which could materially and adversely harm the Company’s business and results of operation.

 

In addition, on October 3, 2020, counsel to the defendants in the Stockholder Litigation received a letter from counsel to the minority stockholders objecting to Onyx Enterprises Canada Inc.’s use of the “drag-along right” under Section 4.5 of the Stockholders Agreement, dated July 17, 2015 (the “Stockholders Agreement”), and the proxy granted pursuant to Section 5.1 of the Stockholders Agreement to execute (i) the stockholder written consent, dated September 18, 2020, approving the Business Combination Agreement and (ii) the Stockholder Support Agreement, dated October 30, 2020, in each case on behalf of the minority stockholders. The letter also described the Business Combination as unlawful and threatened further unspecified actions by the minority stockholders.

 

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On October 15, 2020, the minority stockholders filed an order to show cause to preliminarily enjoin the Business Combination pending final adjudication of the Stockholder Litigation. On October 23, 2020, the Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Monmouth County refused to grant a preliminary injunction and set the hearing date on the order to show cause for December 4, 2020. On October 26, 2020, the minority stockholders filed an application for permission to file emergent motion to request a temporary restraining order preventing the closing of the Business Combination prior to the December 4th hearing with the Superior Court of New Jersey, Appellate Division, which such court denied. On October 27, 2020, the minority stockholders appealed the Appellate Division’s ruling to the Supreme Court of New Jersey. On October 28, 2020, the Supreme Court of New Jersey denied such appeal. On November 20, 2020, the minority stockholders requested another emergent motion before the Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Monmouth County for a temporary restraining order preventing the closing of the Business Combination. The Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Monmouth County denied that request by order dated November 20, 2020.

 

For additional information regarding legal actions, claims and administrative proceedings that management believes could have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows, including further information on the ongoing litigation with certain minority stockholders and the notice of violation it received from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, see the section titled “Business—Legal Proceeding” in this prospectus.

 

Because the Company is involved in litigation from time to time and is subject to numerous laws and governmental regulations, it could incur substantial judgments, fines, legal fees and other costs as well as reputational harm.

 

The Company is sometimes the subject of complaints or litigation from customers, employees, or other third parties for various reasons. For example, Stanislav Royzenshteyn, the former Chief Executive Officer of Onyx, a predecessor to the Company, alleged that Onyx failed to pay him amounts owed under his employment agreement, including, but not limited to, unpaid bonuses, salary, personal, sick and vacation days, and employment-related reimbursements. The damages sought against the Company in some of these litigation proceedings could be substantial. Although the Company maintains liability insurance for some litigation claims, if one or more of the claims were to greatly exceed its insurance coverage limits or if its insurance policies do not cover a claim, this could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

The Company is also subject to numerous federal, state and local laws and governmental regulations relating to, among other things, environmental protection, product quality and safety standards, labor and employment, discrimination, anti-bribery/anti-corruption, data privacy and income taxes. Compliance with existing and future laws and regulations could increase the cost of doing business and adversely affect the Company’s results of operations. If the Company fails to comply with existing or future laws or regulations, it may be subject to governmental or judicial fines or sanctions, while incurring substantial legal fees and costs, as well as reputational risk. In addition, the Company’s capital and operating expenses could increase due to remediation measures that may be required if the Company is found to be noncompliant with any existing or future laws or regulations.

 

For additional information regarding legal actions, claims and administrative proceedings that management believes could have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows, including ongoing litigation with certain minority stockholders and the notice of violation it received from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, see the section titled “Business—Legal Proceeding” in this prospectus.

 

The Company faces exposure to product liability lawsuits.

 

The automotive industry in general has been subject to a large number of product liability claims due to the nature of personal injuries that result from car accidents or malfunctions. As a distributor of automotive parts and accessories, including parts and accessories obtained overseas, the Company could be held liable for the injury or damage caused if the products it sells are defective or malfunction regardless of whether the product manufacturer is the party at fault. While the Company carries insurance against product liability claims, if the damages in any given action were high or the Company were subject to multiple lawsuits, the damages and costs could exceed the limits of its insurance coverage or prevent it from obtaining coverage in the future. If the Company were required to pay substantial damages as a result of these lawsuits, it may seriously harm its business and financial condition. Even defending against unsuccessful claims could cause the Company to incur significant expenses and result in a diversion of management’s attention. In addition, even if the money damages themselves did not cause substantial harm to the Company’s business, the damage to its reputation and the brands offered on its digital commerce platform could adversely affect its future reputation and its brand and could result in a decline in its net sales.

 

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Risks Related to Ownership of our Common Stock

 

Concentration of ownership among certain stockholders may prevent new investors from influencing significant corporate decisions.

 

As of January 25, 2021, after completion of the Business Combination, each of Prashant Pathak, Chairman of the Board of the Company and a director and President of Onyx Enterprises Canada Inc. (“OEC”), Roman Gerashenko and Stanislave Royzenshteyn, beneficially owns, directly or indirectly, approximately 42.84%, 18.20%, and 18.20%, respectively, of our outstanding Common Stock, and our directors and executive officers as a group beneficially own approximately 50.28% of our outstanding Common Stock. As a result, these stockholders will be able to exercise a significant level of control over all matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors, any amendment of the Certificate of Incorporation and approval of significant corporate transactions. This control could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control or changes in management and will make the approval of certain transactions difficult or impossible without the support of these stockholders.

 

Sales of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock in the public market could cause the price of our Common Stock to fall.

 

Sales of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock in the public market or the perception that these sales might occur could depress the market price of our Common Stock and could impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities. We are unable to predict the effect that sales may have on the prevailing market price of our Common Stock. In addition, the sale of substantial amounts of our Common Stock could adversely impact its price.

 

The shares of Common Stock offered by the Selling Stockholders represent approximately 91.89% of our outstanding Common Stock. Sales, or the potential sales, of substantial numbers of shares in the public market by the Selling Stockholders upon termination of applicable contractual lock-up agreements, could increase the volatility of the market price of our Common Stock or adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock.

 

As of January 25, 2021, we had outstanding approximately 32.9 million shares of our Common Stock. In addition, we intend to register for sale shares of our Common Stock issuable under our equity compensation plans, including approximately 4.9 million shares available for future issuance under the PARTS iD, Inc. 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”), and approximately 2.0 million shares available for future issuance under the PARTS iD, Inc. 2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP” and, together with the 2020 Plan, the “Plans”). The sale or the availability for sale of a large number of shares of our Common Stock in the public market could cause the price of our Common Stock to decline.

 

We have never paid dividends on our capital stock, and we do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

We have never paid dividends on any of our capital stock and currently intend to retain any future earnings to fund the growth of our business. Any determination to pay dividends in the future will be at the discretion of the Board and will depend on our financial condition, operating results, capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors that the Board may deem relevant. As a result, capital appreciation, if any, of our Common Stock will be the sole source of gain for the foreseeable future.

 

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Our stock price is volatile, and you may not be able to sell shares of our Common Stock at or above the price you paid.

 

The trading price of our Common Stock is volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to various factors, some of which are beyond our control. These factors include:

 

actual or anticipated fluctuations in operating results;

 

failure to meet or exceed financial estimates and projections of the investment community or that we provide to the public;

 

issuance of new or updated research or reports by securities analysts or changed recommendations for our stock or the transportation industry in general;

 

announcements by us or our competitors of significant acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures, collaborations or capital commitments;

 

operating and share price performance of other companies that investors deem comparable to us;

 

our focus on long-term goals over short-term results;

 

the timing and magnitude of our investments in the growth of our business;

 

actual or anticipated changes in laws and regulations affecting our business;

 

additions or departures of key management or other personnel;

 

disputes or other developments related to our intellectual property or other proprietary rights, including litigation;

 

our ability to market new and enhanced products and technologies on a timely basis;

 

sales of substantial amounts of the Common Stock by the Board, executive officers or significant stockholders or the perception that such sales could occur;

 

changes in our capital structure, including future issuances of securities or the incurrence of debt; and

 

general economic, political and market conditions.

 

In addition, the stock market in general, and the NYSE American in particular, has experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. Broad market and industry factors may seriously affect the market price of our Common Stock, regardless of our actual operating performance. In addition, in the past, following periods of volatility in the overall market and the market price of a particular company's securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against these companies. This litigation, if instituted against us, could result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management's attention and resources.

 

Risks Related to Our Being a Public Company

 

We will incur significant increased expenses and administrative burdens as a public company, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We face increased legal, accounting, administrative and other costs and expenses as a public company that we did not incur as a private company. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), including the requirements of Section 404, as well as rules and regulations subsequently implemented by the SEC, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 and the rules and regulations promulgated and to be promulgated thereunder, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (the “PCAOB”) and the securities exchanges, impose additional reporting and other obligations on public companies. Compliance with public company requirements will increase costs and make certain activities more time-consuming. A number of those requirements require us to carry out activities that Onyx, as a private company, had not done previously. For example, we created new board committees and have adopted new internal controls and disclosure controls and procedures. In addition, expenses associated with SEC reporting requirements will be incurred. Furthermore, if any issues in complying with those requirements are identified (for example, if the auditors identify a material weakness or significant deficiency in the internal control over financial reporting), we could incur additional costs rectifying those issues, and the existence of those issues could adversely affect our reputation or investor perceptions of it. In addition, we have obtained director and officer liability insurance. Risks associated with our status as a public company may make it more difficult to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on the Board or as executive officers. The additional reporting and other obligations imposed by these rules and regulations increase legal and financial compliance costs and the costs of related legal, accounting and administrative activities. These increased costs will require us to divert a significant amount of money that could otherwise be used to expand the business and achieve strategic objectives. Advocacy efforts by stockholders and third parties may also prompt additional changes in governance and reporting requirements, which could further increase costs.

 

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Our failure to timely and effectively implement controls and procedures required by Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

As a public company, we are required to provide management's attestation on internal controls. The standards required for a public company under Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act are significantly more stringent than those required of Onyx as a private company. Management may not be able to effectively and timely implement controls and procedures that adequately respond to the increased regulatory compliance and reporting requirements that became applicable after the Business Combination. If we are not able to implement the additional requirements of Section 404(a) in a timely manner or with adequate compliance, we may not be able to assess whether our internal controls over financial reporting are effective, which may subject us to adverse regulatory consequences and could harm investor confidence and the market price of our securities.

 

Our management has limited experience in operating a public company.

 

Our executive officers have limited experience in the management of a publicly traded company. Our management team may not successfully or effectively manage our transition to a public company that will be subject to significant regulatory oversight and reporting obligations under federal securities laws. Their limited experience in dealing with the increasingly complex laws pertaining to public companies could be a significant disadvantage in that it is likely that an increasing amount of their time may be devoted to these activities which will result in less time being devoted to the management and growth of the Company. We may not have adequate personnel with the appropriate level of knowledge, experience, and training in the accounting policies, practices or internal controls over financial reporting required of public companies in the United States. The development and implementation of the standards and controls necessary for the Company to achieve the level of accounting standards required of a public company in the United States may require costs greater than expected. It is possible that we will be required to expand our employee base and hire additional employees to support our operations as a public company which will increase our operating costs in future periods.

 

If we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, a bankruptcy court may seek to recover the proceeds from our trust account that was set up when we were a special purpose acquisition company, and the members of our Board may be viewed as having breached their fiduciary duties to our creditors, thereby exposing us and the members of our Board to claims of punitive damages.

 

If we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, any distributions received by stockholders holding shares of Common Stock could be viewed under applicable debtor/creditor and/or bankruptcy laws as either a “preferential transfer” or a “fraudulent conveyance.” As a result, a bankruptcy court could seek to recover all amounts received by our stockholders holding shares of Common Stock. In addition, our Board may be viewed as having breached its fiduciary duty to our creditors and/or having acted in bad faith, thereby exposing us and our Board to claims of punitive damages, by paying our stockholders holding shares of Common Stock from our trust account prior to addressing the claims of creditors.

 

The Company is an “emerging growth company” and the reduced disclosure requirements applicable to emerging growth companies may make its securities less attractive to investors.

 

The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act. It may remain an “emerging growth company” until December 31, 2022, the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the completion of the initial public offering of Legacy, a predecessor to the Company, on November 8, 2017. However, the Company could lose that status sooner if its total annual gross revenues exceed $1.07 billion, if it issues more than $1.0 billion in nonconvertible debt in a three-year period, or if the market value of its shares of common stock held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million on the last day of the second fiscal quarter of any given fiscal year, in which case the Company would cease to be an emerging growth company as of the following fiscal year. As an emerging growth company, the Company is not required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which would require the Company’s internal control over financial reporting to be audited by its independent registered public accounting firm, has reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and is exempt from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. Additionally, as an emerging growth company, the Company has elected to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies (as defined under Section 2(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act). As such, the Company’s financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates. Investors may find our Common Stock less attractive because it may rely on these exemptions, or if it chooses to rely on additional exemptions in the future. As a result, there may be a less active trading market for our Common Stock and its stock price may be more volatile.

 

23

 

 

If securities or industry analysts do not publish or cease publishing research or reports about the Company, its business or its market, or if they change their recommendations regarding the Common Stock adversely, the price and trading volume of the Common Stock could decline.

 

The trading market for the Common Stock will be influenced by the research and reports that industry or securities analysts may publish about the Company, its business, market or competitors. Securities and industry analysts may never publish research on the Company. If no securities or industry analysts commence coverage of the Company, its stock price and trading volume would likely be negatively impacted. If any of the analysts who may cover the Company change their recommendation regarding its Common Stock adversely, or provide more favorable relative recommendations about its competitors, the price of its Common Stock would likely decline. If any analyst who may cover the Company were to cease coverage of the Company or fail to regularly publish reports on it, it could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause the Company’s stock price or trading volume to decline.

 

Certain minority stockholders of the Company could engage in activities that might be disruptive of the Company’s ongoing business.

 

Certain minority stockholders of the Company could engage in litigation against the Company and its directors seeking monetary damages and/or potentially distracting the Company’s directors and officers from executing upon the Company’s business plans, and could engage in shareholder activism that may be disruptive to the Company. See “—The Company’s business could be adversely affected by an ongoing legal proceeding with certain stockholders” for more information regarding litigation brought by these minority stockholders prior to the Business Combination.

 

The Certificate of Incorporation designates the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by the Company’s stockholders, which could limit its stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with the Company or its directors, officers, employees or stockholders.

 

The Certificate of Incorporation provides that, subject to limited exceptions, (i) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of the Company, (ii) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer or other employee of the Company to the Company or the stockholders of the Company, (iii) any action asserting a claim against the Company, its directors, officers or employees arising pursuant to any provision of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the “DGCL”) or the second amended and restated certificate of incorporation or the amended and restated bylaws of the Company (the “Bylaws”), or (iv) any action asserting a claim against the Company, its directors, officers or employees is governed by the internal affairs doctrine. The Company’s bylaws designate the federal district courts of the United States as the exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action arising under the Securities Act. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of Common Stock shall be deemed to have notice of and to have consented to the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation and bylaws described above. In addition, Section 22 of the Securities Act provides that federal and state courts have concurrent jurisdiction over lawsuits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. To the extent the exclusive forum provision restricts the courts in which claims arising under the Securities Act may be brought, there is uncertainty as to whether a court would enforce such a provision. We note that investors cannot waive compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. This choice of forum provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with the Company or its directors, officers or other employees, which may discourage such lawsuits against the Company and its directors, officers and employees. Alternatively, if a court were to find these provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation inapplicable to, or unenforceable in respect of, one or more of the specified types of actions or proceedings, the Company may incur additional costs associated with resolving such matters in other jurisdictions, which could adversely affect the Company’s business and financial condition.

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

 

We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of our Common Stock by the Selling Stockholders.  All of the shares of Common Stock offered by the Selling Stockholders pursuant to this prospectus will be sold by the Selling Stockholders for their respective accounts.

 

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DETERMINATION OF OFFERING PRICE

 

We cannot currently determine the price or prices at which shares of our Common Stock may be sold by the Selling Stockholders under this prospectus.

 

26

 

 

MARKET FOR COMMON EQUITY AND DIVIDEND POLICY

 

Market Information, Holders, and Dividends

 

Our Common Stock is listed on the NYSE American under the symbol “ID”. Prior to the consummation of the Business Combination, our Common Stock was listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “LGC”. As of January 25, 2021, there were 13 holders of record of our Common Stock. Such numbers do not include beneficial owners holding our Common Stock in street name.

 

We have not paid any cash dividends on the Common Stock to date. We may retain future earnings, if any, for future operations, expansion and debt repayment and has no current plans to pay cash dividends for the foreseeable future. Any decision to declare and pay dividends in the future will be made at the discretion of the Board and will depend on, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, cash requirements, contractual restrictions and other factors that the Board may deem relevant. In addition, our ability to pay dividends may be limited by covenants of any existing and future outstanding indebtedness we or our subsidiaries incur. We do not anticipate declaring any cash dividends to holders of our Common Stock in the foreseeable future.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

 

As of December 31, 2020, an aggregate of 6,948,178 shares of Common Stock are authorized to be issued under the 2020 Plan and the ESPP. No awards have been issued under the Plans.

 

We intend to file one or more registration statements on Form S-8 under the Securities Act to register the shares of Common Stock issuable under the 2020 Plan and the ESPP. Any such Form S-8 registration statement will become effective automatically upon filing. We expect that the initial registration statement on Form S-8 will cover shares of Common Stock underlying the 2020 Plan and the ESPP.

 

27

 

 

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements give effect to the Business Combination under the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) Topic 805, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”). The Business Combination is accounted for as a reverse merger in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Under this method of accounting, Legacy is treated as the “acquired” company for financial reporting purposes. For accounting purposes, Onyx is deemed to be the accounting acquirer in the transaction and, consequently, the transaction is treated as a recapitalization of Onyx (i.e., a capital transaction involving the issuance of stock by Legacy for the stock of Onyx). Accordingly, the assets, liabilities and results of operations of Onyx have become the historical financial statements of the Company, and Legacy’s assets, liabilities and results of operations are consolidated with Onyx as of the acquisition date.

 

Onyx has been determined to be the accounting acquirer based on evaluation of the following facts and circumstances:

 

Onyx’s business comprises the ongoing operations of the combined company as of the consummation of the Business Combination, which we refer to in this section as “PARTS iD;”

 

Onyx’s senior management serves as senior management of PARTS iD;

 

Onyx’s shareholders immediately prior to the Business Combination had the greatest voting interest in PARTS iD and a majority interest immediately following the Business Combination;

 

Onyx’s directors and individuals designated by, or representing, Onyx’s shareholders immediately prior to the Business Combination constituted at least 4 of the 7 members of the PARTS iD Board as of the consummation of the Business Combination;

 

Onyx’s shareholders immediately prior to the Business Combination have the ability to control decisions regarding election and removal of directors from the PARTS iD Board; and

 

PARTS iD continues to operate under the Onyx tradename and the headquarters of PARTS iD following the Business Combination is Onyx’s former headquarters.

 

The historical financial information has been adjusted in these unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements to give effect to pro forma events that are (1) directly attributable to the Business Combination and the related transactions, (2) factually supportable, and (3) with respect to the statements of operations, expected to have a continuing impact on the post-combination company. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet is based on Onyx’s unaudited balance sheet as of September 30, 2020 and the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet of Legacy as of September 30, 2020, and has been prepared to reflect the Business Combination as if it occurred on September 30, 2020.

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 combines the unaudited historical results of operations of Onyx and the unaudited historical condensed consolidated results of operations for Legacy for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. This unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations was derived from Onyx’s unaudited statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and Legacy’s unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, each of which is included elsewhere in this prospectus. Such unaudited interim financial information has been prepared on a basis consistent with the audited financial statements of Onyx and Legacy, respectively, and should be read in conjunction with the interim unaudited financial statements and audited financial statements and related notes, each of which is included elsewhere in this prospectus.

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 combines the audited historical results of operations of Onyx and the audited historical results of operations for Legacy for the year ended December 31, 2019. This unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations was derived from Onyx’s audited statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 and Legacy’s audited statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019, included in this prospectus.

 

28

 

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and for the year ended December 31, 2019 gives pro forma effect to the Business Combination as if it occurred on January 1, 2019, the beginning of the fiscal year presented and carried forward to the subsequent interim period.

 

These unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements are for informational purposes only. They do not purport to indicate the results that would actually have been obtained had the Business Combination been completed on the assumed date or for the periods presented, or which may be realized in the future. The pro forma adjustments are based on the information currently available and the assumptions and estimates underlying the pro forma adjustments are described in the accompanying notes. Actual results may differ materially from the assumptions within the accompanying unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information. PARTS iD will incur additional costs after the Business Combination in order to satisfy its obligations as an SEC-reporting public company. In addition, the Company has adopted the PARTS iD 2020 Equity Incentive Plan and the PARTS iD 2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan. No adjustment to the unaudited pro forma statement of operations has been made for these items as they are not directly related to the Business Combination and amounts are not yet known.

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes and the sections entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for PARTS iD, Inc.,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for Legacy Acquisition Corp.” and the historical financial statements and notes thereto of Onyx and Legacy, each of which is included elsewhere in this prospectus.

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements have been prepared to reflect: (a) the withdrawal of approximately $54,136,000 from the trust fund established by Legacy for the benefit of its public stockholders (the “Trust Fund”), which funded shareholder redemptions of 5,153,781 shares of Common Stock at the closing of the Business Combination and the withdrawal of approximately $387,000 from the Trust Fund which funded shareholder redemptions of 37,291 shares of Common Stock at a special meeting in November 2020, (b) the payment of the purchase price of the Onyx ordinary shares of 24,950,958 shares of Common Stock as well as the placement of 1,050,000 shares of Common Stock in escrow for the benefit of the purchaser subject to settlement of certain closing adjustments, (c) the payment of the purchase price for the Onyx preferred shares of $20,000,000 including $9,000,000 in cash and $11,000,000 assumed by Legacy Acquisition Sponsor I LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Sponsor”), through the payment with 1,100,000 of the Sponsor’s shares of Class F Common Stock and Common Stock (the “Founder Shares”), (d) the Sponsor’s forfeiture of its 16,276,252 outstanding private placement warrants and 3,069,474 of its shares of Class F Common Stock for no consideration pursuant to that certain amended and restated sponsor support agreement between Legacy and the Stockholder Representative (the “Sponsor Support Agreement”) and (e) the elimination of 30,000,000 public warrants and 1,223,748 institutional investor private placement warrants in exchange for a payment of approximately $5,400,000 and $220,000, respectively, in cash and 2,460,000 and 100,347, respectively, in shares of Common Stock and (f) the payment of transaction costs, including costs assumed by the Sponsor and payments made by the Sponsor with Founder Shares, and other transaction effects of the Business Combination.

 

29

 

 

Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Balance Sheet

As of September 30, 2020

(In Thousands)

 

   Legacy            
   Acquisition  Onyx         
   Corp. and  Enterprises  Pro Forma  Footnote  Pro Forma
   subsidiary  Int’l, Corp  Adjustments  Reference  Combined
ASSETS               
Current assets               
Cash and cash equivalents  $375   $36,935   $9,282   3a  $25,920 
              (9,000)  3b     
              (5,400)  3c     
              (220)  3c     
              (6,052)  3d     
Accounts receivable        2,858            2,858 
Inventory        4,671           4,671 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   84    2,846           2,930 
Total current assets  $459   $47,310   $(11,390)     $36,379 
Cash and investments held in Trust Account   63,804        (54,135)  3a    
              (387)  3a     
              (9,282)  3a     
Property and equipment, net       11,150           11,150 
Intangible assets       230           230 
Other assets       268           268 
TOTAL ASSETS  $64,263   $58,958   $(75,194)     $48,027 
                        
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)                       
Current liabilities                       
Accounts payable  $1,021   $38,396   $(393)  3d  $38,404 
              (400)  3d     
              (220)  3d     
Customer deposits       13,916           13,916 
Accrued expenses   3,381    4,910    (3,300)  3d   4,911 
              (80)  3d     
Preferred stock dividend payable       42           42 
Notes payable   5,575    21    (5,575)  3d   21 
Other current liabilities       3,732           3,732 
Total current liabilities  $9,977   $61,017   $(9,868)     $61,026 
Deferred underwriters’ fee   6,000        (6,000)  3d    
Deferred tax liabilities       1,097           1,097 
Notes payable, net of current portion        3           3 
Total liabilities   15,977    62,117    (15,968)      62,126 
Common stock subject to possible redemption   43,286        (43,286)  3a    
Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)                       
Preferred stock                   
Class A Common Stock              3a   3 
              3   3b     
Class F Common Stock   1            3b   - 
                 3c     
              (1)  3e     
Ordinary shares                   
Additional paid-in-capital   3,077    5,001    43,286   3a   (510)
              (54,135)  3a     
              (387)  3a     
                 3c     
                 3c     
              (5,400)  3c     
              (220)  3c     
              249,507   3b     
              (249,510)  3b     
              10,500   3b     
              (10,500)  3b     
              11,000   3b     
              (20,000)  3b     
              1   3e     
              1,922   3e     
              15,348   3d     
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)   1,922    (8,160)   (400)  3d   (13,592)
              48   3d      
              (5,080)  3d     
              (1,922)  3e     
Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)  $5,000   $(3,159)  $(15,940)     $(14,099)
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)  $64,263   $58,958   $(75,194)     $48,027 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information

 

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Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Statement of Operations

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

(In Thousands Except Share and Per Share Amounts)

 

   Legacy Acquisition Corp. and subsidiary  Onyx Enterprises Int’l, Corp  Pro Forma Adjustments  Footnote Reference  Pro Forma Combined
E-commerce revenue, net  $   $307,752   $      $307,752 
Cost of goods sold       240,929           240,929 
Gross profit       66,823           66,823 
Operating expenses                       
Advertising       25,015           25,015 
Selling, general and administrative   3,020    28,883    (1,180)  4c   30,723 
Depreciation       5,035           5,035 
Total operating expenses   3,020    58,933    (1,180)      60,773 
Income (loss) from operations   (3,020)   7,980    1,180       6,050 
Other income (expense):                       
Interest and other income   1,057        (1,057)  4a    
Interest expense   (76)   (8)   76   4a   (8)
Total other income (expense)   981    (8)   (981)      (8)
Income (loss) before income taxes   (2,039)   7,882    (199)      6,042 
Provision for                       
income taxes   (191)   (1,659)   191   4a   (1,659)
Net income (loss)  $(2,230)  $6,223   $(390)     $4,383 
Less: Preferred stock dividends       (375)   375   4b    
Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders  $(2,230)  $5,848   $(765)     $4,383 
                        
Two Class Method for Per Share Information:                       
Net income (loss) per Class A share – basic and diluted  $0.04                $0.13 
Weighted average Class A shares outstanding – basic and diluted   18,137,000         4,430,526   5a   33,923,459 
              24,950,958   5a     
              1,050,000   5a     
              (12,014,301)  5a     
              (5,153,781)  5a     
              (37,291)        
              2,460,000   5a     
              100,347   5a     
Net income (loss) per Class B share – basic and diluted  $(0.39)               $ 
Weighted average Class B shares outstanding – basic and diluted   7,500,000         (3,069,474)  5a    
              (4,430,526)  5b     

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information

 

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Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Statement of Operations

For the Year Ended December 31, 2019

(In Thousands Except Share and Per Share Amounts)

 

   Legacy  Onyx         
   Acquisition  Enterprises  Pro Forma  Footnote  Pro Forma
   Corp.  Int’l, Corp  Adjustments  Reference  Combined
E-commerce revenue, net  $   $287,821   $      $287,821 
Cost of goods sold        226,604           226,604 
Gross profit       61,217           61,217 
Operating expenses                       
Advertising       20,988           20,988 
Selling, general and administrative   3,775    35,147           38,922 
Depreciation       5,847           5,847 
Total operating expenses   3,775    61,982           65,757 
Income (loss) from operations   (3,775)   (765)          (4,540)
Other income (expense):                       
Interest and other income   6,482        (6,482)  4a    
Interest expense       (35)           (35)
Total other income (expense)   6,482    (35)   (6,482)      (35)
Income (loss) before income taxes   2,707    (800)   (6,482)      (4,575)
Provision for income taxes   (1,320)   144    1,320   4a   144 
Net income (loss)  $1,387   $(656)  $(5,162)     $(4,431)
Less: Preferred stock dividends       (500)   500   4b     
Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders  $1,387   $(1,156)  $(4,662)     $(4,431)
                        
Two Class Method for Per Share Information:                       
Net income (loss) per Class A share – basic and diluted  $0.16                $(0.13)
Weighted average Class A shares outstanding – basic and diluted   29,867,000         4,430,526   5a   33,923,458 
              24,950,958   5a     
              1,050,000   5a     
              (23,744,301)  5a     
              (37,291)        
              (5,153,781)  5a     
              2,460,000   5a     
              100,347   5a     
Net income (loss) per Class B share – basic and diluted  $(0.46)                 
Weighted average Class B shares outstanding – basic and diluted   7,500,000         (3,069,744)  5a    
              (4,430,626)  5a     

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information

 

32

 

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

1. Description of Transaction

 

On September 18, 2020, Legacy Acquisition Corp., a Delaware corporation (“Legacy” or the “Company”), and Onyx Enterprises Int’l, Corp., a New Jersey corporation (“Onyx”), entered into a Business Combination Agreement (the “Business Combination Agreement”) by and among Legacy, Excel Merger Sub I, Inc., a Delaware corporation and an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Legacy and directly owned subsidiary of Merger Sub 2 (“Merger Sub 1”), Excel Merger Sub II, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and direct wholly owned subsidiary of Legacy (“Merger Sub 2”), Onyx, and Shareholder Representative Services LLC, a Colorado limited liability company, solely in its capacity as the stockholder representative pursuant to the terms of Section 11.16 of the Business Combination Agreement (the “Stockholder Representative”).

 

Pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, at the closing, Legacy paid to the Onyx common stockholders, in the form of 24,950,958 shares of Class A Common Stock valued at $10.00 per share, an amount equal to the sum of (a) $249,509,500, (b) plus the amount, if any, by which the net working capital of Onyx exceeds a net working capital target, (c) minus the amount, if any, by which the net working capital target exceeds the net working capital of Onyx, (d) plus $25,000,000, which represents cash that will be retained by Onyx, (e) minus the amount of indebtedness of Onyx, (f) minus $20,000,000 to be paid to the holders of the outstanding shares of the preferred stock, No par value per share, of Onyx, (g) minus the amount of all of Onyx’s transaction expenses, (h) minus $3,000,000 (the “Adjustment Reserve Amount”), to be held in reserve by Legacy for potential post-closing purchase price adjustments, (i) minus $350,000 for the stockholder representative reserve fund to be used for paying directly, or reimbursing the Stockholder Representative for, any third party expenses pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement and the agreements ancillary thereto, and (j) unless certain claims are resolved prior to closing (as described below), minus $7,500,000 (the “Indemnification Expense Reserve Amount”), to be held in reserve by Legacy for reimbursement of certain potential indemnification expenses that may become payable by Onyx.

 

The purchase price was estimated at closing and will be subject to a post-closing reconciliation process. There were 300,000 shares reserved under the Adjustment Reserve Amount and 750,000 shares reserved under the Indemnification Expense Reserve Amount. Any unused portion of the Adjustment Reserve Amount following such reconciliation, or any unused portion of the Indemnification Expense Reserve Amount, will be paid to the Onyx common stockholders by issuance of additional shares of Class A Common Stock in accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement.

 

Concurrently with the execution of the Business Combination Agreement, Legacy Acquisition Sponsor I LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Sponsor”), Legacy and the Stockholder Representative, entered into an amended and restated sponsor support agreement (the “Sponsor Support Agreement”). Pursuant to the Sponsor Support Agreement, the Sponsor agreed to, immediately prior to the closing, (i) assign and transfer to the Company for cancellation 3,069,474 shares of Class F Common Stock (the “Forfeited Shares”), (ii) assign and transfer to the Company for cancellation 14,587,770 of its private placement warrants to purchase shares of Class A Common Stock (the “Equity Reduction Warrants”), which excludes 2,912,230 warrants that are currently allocated to and beneficially owned by certain institutional investors of the Sponsor, and (iii) assume approximately $15.3 million in Company transaction costs and pay such costs with 1,534,784 of the Founder Shares that the Sponsor retained. The Forfeited Shares and the Equity Reduction Warrants are each being forfeited as partial consideration for the Sponsor Deferred Shares (as defined below).

 

The Sponsor further agreed that (i) if the amount of funds available in the trust fund established by Legacy for the benefit of its public stockholders (the “Trust Fund”), after giving effect to the exercise of redemption rights by the redeeming stockholders of Legacy, is less than $54,000,000, then immediately prior to the closing of the Business Combination, the Sponsor shall surrender and forfeit up to a maximum of 3,250,000 shares of Class F Common Stock (the “Equity Reduction Shares”), pursuant to a calculation described in the Sponsor Support Agreement. As a result of this calculation, the Sponsor forfeited 3,069,474 shares of Class F Common Stock.

 

The Sponsor will have the ability to earn back up to 50% of the sum of the number of Equity Reduction Shares based on the average trading share price of Class A Common Stock over a 730 calendar day period immediately following closing (the “Sponsor Deferred Shares”).

 

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The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements have been prepared to reflect: (a) the withdrawal of approximately $54,135,000 from the Trust Account to fund shareholder redemptions of 5,153,781 shares of Class A Common Stock at the closing of the Business Combination and the withdrawal of approximately $387,000 from the Trust Account to fund shareholder redemptions of 37,291 shares of Class A Common Stock at a special meeting in November 2020, (b) the payment of the purchase price of the Onyx shares of 24,950,958 shares of Class A Common Stock as well as the placement of 1,050,000 shares of Class A Common Stock in escrow for the benefit of the purchaser subject to settlement of certain closing adjustments, (c) the payment of the purchase price for the Onyx preferred shares of $20,000,000 including $9,000,000 in cash and $11,000,000 assumed by the Sponsor through the payment with 1,100,000 of the Sponsor’s Founder Shares, (d) the Sponsor’s forfeiture of its 16,276,252 outstanding Private Placement Warrants and 3,069,474 of its shares of Class F Common Stock for no consideration pursuant to the Sponsor Support Agreement, (e) the elimination of 30,000,000 public warrants and 1,223,748 institutional investor private placement warrants in exchange for a payment of approximately $5,400,000 and $220,000, respectively, in cash and 2,460,000 and 100,347, respectively, in shares of Class A Common Stock and (f) the payment of transaction costs, including assumption of approximately $15.3 million of such costs by the Sponsor and payment in Founder Shares, and other transaction effects of the Business Combination.

 

2. Basis of Presentation

 

The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements give effect to the Business Combination under the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) Topic 805, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”). The Business Combination will be accounted for as a reverse merger in accordance with GAAP. Under this method of accounting, Legacy will be treated as the “acquired” company for financial reporting purposes. For accounting purposes, Onyx will be deemed to be the accounting acquirer in the transaction and, consequently, the transaction will be treated as a recapitalization of Onyx (i.e., a capital transaction involving the issuance of stock by Legacy for the stock of Onyx). Accordingly, the assets, liabilities and results of operations of Onyx will become the historical financial statements of PARTS iD, and Legacy’s assets, liabilities and results of operations will be consolidated with Onyx beginning on the acquisition date.

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet as of September 30, 2020 was derived from Onyx’s unaudited balance sheet as of September 30, 2020 and Legacy’s unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2020. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet as of September 30, 2020 assumes that the Business Combination was completed on September 30, 2020.

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was derived from Onyx’s unaudited statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and Legacy’s unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 was derived from Onyx’s audited statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 and Legacy’s audited statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 and gives pro forma effect to the Business Combination as if it had occurred on January 1, 2019, the beginning of the fiscal year presented and carried forward to the subsequent interim period.

 

3. Adjustments and Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Balance Sheet

 

The pro forma adjustments to the unaudited combined pro forma balance sheet as of September 30, 2020 consist of the following:

 

(a) Reflects the transfer of $63.804 million of funds from the Trust Account as follows: (i) approximately $54.135 million of cash in order to fund the redemption at the closing of the Business Combination of 5,153,781 shares of Class A Common Stock outstanding (ii) approximately $387 thousand of cash in order to fund the redemption of 37,291 shares of Class A Common Stock at a special meeting of shareholders and (iii) approximately 9.282 million to the Company, as well as the reclassification of approximately $43.286 million of common stock subject to redemption to stockholders’ equity.

 

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(b) Reflects (i) payment of the purchase price of the Onyx shares representing 24,950,958 new shares of Class A Common Stock valued at $10.00 per share or $249.5 million in the aggregate (ii) the issuance of 1,050,000 new shares of Class A common stock valued at $10,500,000 for purchase price and placed in escrow pending potential closing adjustments and (iii) the payment of $20 million ($9,000,000 in cash and 1,100,000 shares of Founders Class A Common Stock valued at $11,000,000) to the holders of the Onyx 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock outstanding for the purchase of all of their preferred stock. The assumption of that portion of the purchase price paid in Founders shares is treated as a contribution to additional paid in capital of the Company.

 

(c) Reflects (i) the Sponsor’s forfeiture of its 14,587,770 outstanding Private Placement Warrants and 3,069,474 of its shares of Class F Common Stock for no consideration pursuant to the Sponsor Support Agreement, (ii) the elimination 30,000,000 Public Warrants in exchange for $5.4 million in cash and 2.46 million shares of common stock, (iii) the elimination of 2,912,230 institutionally held Private Placement Warrants in exchange for $220,275 of cash and 100,347 shares of Class A Common Stock, and (iv) the payment in Class A Common Stock of 1,100,000 to the preferred shareholder by the Sponsor with Founders Shares. No effect is given in the pro forma balance sheet for any restoration of the Sponsor Deferred Shares over time as such amount is not determinable.

 

(d) Reflects the payment of transaction costs incurred in connection with the Business Combination estimated to be approximately $21.4 million, consisting of (i) approximately $0.4 million of joint costs, (ii) approximately $15.7 million of Legacy transaction costs (excluding approximately $0.7 million in future required payments to the Trust Account) including approximately $6 million of deferred underwriting compensation, approximately $4.125 million of expenses (approximately $3.3 million are accrued at September 30, 2020) and $5.575 million to settle notes payable (including approximately $5.575 million notes payable and approximately $80 thousand of accrued interest) and (iii) approximately $5.3 million of Onyx transaction costs, approximately $220 thousand of which was included in accounts payable at September 30, 2020. Of the $15.7 million in Legacy transaction costs, approximately $15.3 million was assumed by the Sponsor and paid with Founder Shares and approximately $0.4 million of such costs were paid in cash. The payment by the Sponsor of Company expenses is accounted for as a contribution to paid in capital. In total, approximately $15.3 million was paid in Founder Shares and approximately $6.1 million was paid in cash.

 

(e) This adjustment reflects (i) the elimination of Legacy’s retained earnings and Onyx’s par value of common and preferred stock upon consummation of the Business Combination and (ii) the Sponsor’s forfeiture of 3,069,474 shares of Class F Common Stock and the conversion of the remaining 4,430,526 Class F Common Stock to Class A Common Stock.

 

4. Adjustments and Notes to Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Statements of Operations

 

The pro forma adjustments to the unaudited condensed combined pro forma statements of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and the year ended December 31, 2019 consist of the following:

 

(a) Elimination of interest income, and related federal income taxes, on the Legacy Trust Account assets and interest expense on the related party debt to be settled at closing.

 

(b) Reflects the elimination of preferred stock dividends as such Onyx preferred shares will be acquired from the holders in connection with the Closing of the Business Combination.

 

(c) Elimination of costs in the period associated with the business combination (including approximately $900 thousand for the Company and approximately $280 thousand for Onyx), totaling $1.180 million.

  

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5. Earnings per Share

 

The pro forma adjustments to the unaudited condensed combined pro forma statements of operations earnings per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and the year ended December 31, 2019 consist of the following:

 

(a) Reflects (i) the forfeiture under the Sponsor Support Agreement, as amended, of 3,069,474 Class F common shares, (ii) the conversion of the remaining 4,430,526 shares of Class F Common Stock to shares of Class A Common Stock in connection with the Business Combination, (iii) the issuance of 24,950,958 shares of Class A Common Stock to Onyx shareholders upon Closing of the Business Combination pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement as well as the placement of 1,050,000 shares of Class A Common Stock in escrow for the benefit of the purchase subject to settlement of certain closing adjustments, (iv) the redemption of all 5,153,781 shares of Class A Common Stock for a payment of approximately $54.135 million from the trust assets at approximately $10.50 per share (the per share amount in the Trust Account at November 18, 2020 the redemption date) and the redemption of all 37,291 shares of Class A Common Stock for a payment of approximately $387 thousand at a special meeting in November 2020, (v) the elimination of 30,000,000 public warrants and 1,223,748 institutional investor private placement warrants in exchange for 2,460,000 and 100,347 shares of Class A Common Stock, respectively, and (vi) the reduction in weighted average shares associated with the extension of time that shareholders approved in order to allow additional time to complete the business combination.

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined basic and diluted earnings per share calculations are based on the historical Legacy weighted average number of shares outstanding as follows:

 

Class A shares –  Nine Months ended September 30,
2020
  Year ended December 31,
2019
Weighted average shares – basic and diluted, as reported   18,137,000    29,867,000 
Less: Reduce weighted average to actual shares   (12,014,301)   (23,744,301)
Shares redeemed at a special meeting   (37,291)   (37,291)
Shares redeemed at closing   (5,153,781)   (5,153,781)
Subtotal – public shares   931,627    931,627 
Sponsor Class F shares to be converted to Class A shares   7,500,000    7,500,000 
Less: Sponsor Class F shares forfeited at closing   (3,069,474)   (3,069,474)
Subtotal: Net Sponsor Class F shares converted to Class A shares   4,430,526    4,430,526 
Add: Closing merger consideration payable in stock   24,950,958    24,950,958 
Merger consideration held in escrow   1,050,000    1,050,000 
Warrant Exchange shares   2,460,000    2,460,000 
Institutional investor warrant exchange shares   100,347    100,347 
           
Weighted average shares pro forma – basic and diluted, Actual Redemptions   33,923,458    33,923,458 

 

At the closing of the business combination, in accordance with the Sponsor Support Agreement, the Sponsor forfeited 14,587,770 warrants to purchase 7,293,885 shares of Class A Common Stock. Additionally, under the Warrant Amendments, the Company exchanged 30,000,000 Public Warrants in exchange for $5.4 million in cash and 2,460,000 shares of Class A Common Stock. Further the Company eliminated 1,688,482 of the 2,912,230 institutionally held Private Placement Warrants and exchanged the remaining 1,223,748 institutionally held Private Placement Warrants for $220,275 of cash and 100,347 shares of Class A Common Stock. As such, the Company currently has no outstanding warrants to purchase any shares of Class A Common Stock.

 

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COMPARATIVE PER SHARE INFORMATION

 

The following table sets forth selected historical comparative share information for Legacy and Onyx and unaudited pro forma condensed combined per share information of PARTS iD after giving effect to the Business Combination, to reflect: (a) the withdrawal of approximately $54,135,000 from the Trust Account to fund shareholder redemptions of 5,153,781 shares of Class A Common Stock at the closing of the Business Combination and the withdrawal of approximately $387,000 from the Trust Account to fund shareholder redemptions of 37,291 shares of Class A Common Stock at a special meeting in November 2020, (b) the payment of the purchase price of the Onyx shares of 24,950,958 shares of Class A Common Stock as well as the placement of 1,050,000 shares of Class A Common Stock in escrow for the benefit of the purchase subject to settlement of certain closing adjustments, (c) the payment of the purchase price for the Onyx preferred shares of $20,000,000, including $9,000,000 in cash and $11,000,000 assumed by the Sponsor through the payment with 1,100,000 of the Sponsor’s Founder Shares, (d) the Sponsor’s forfeiture of its 16,276,252 outstanding Private Placement Warrants and 6,250,000 of its shares of Class F Common Stock for no consideration pursuant to the Sponsor Support Agreement, (e) the elimination of 30,000,000 public warrants and 1,223,748 institutional investor private placement warrants in exchange for a payment of approximately $5,400,000 and $220,000, respectively, in cash and 2,460,000 and 100,347, respectively, in shares of Class A Common Stock and (f) the payment of transaction costs and other transaction effects of the Business Combination.

 

The pro forma book value information reflects the Business Combination as if it had occurred on September 30, 2020. The weighted average shares outstanding and net loss per share information give pro forma effect to the Business Combination as if it had occurred on January 1, 2019.

 

This information is only a summary and should be read together with the historical financial statements of Legacy and Onyx and related notes that are included elsewhere in this prospectus or in the Information Statement or in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2020. The unaudited pro forma combined per share information of Legacy and Onyx is derived from, and should be read in conjunction with, the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus and in the Information Statement.

 

The unaudited pro forma combined earnings per share information below does not purport to represent the earnings per share which would have occurred had the companies been combined during the periods presented, nor earnings per share for any future date or period. The unaudited pro forma combined book value per share information below does not purport to represent what the value of Legacy and Onyx would have been had the companies been combined during the periods presented.

 

   Legacy  Onyx  Combined
   (Historical)  (Historical)  Pro Forma
As of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:         
Book value per share(1)  $2.79   $(19,566)  $(0.38)
Weighted average shares outstanding of Class A Common Stock – basic and diluted   6,123,000    417    36,623,000 
Net income (loss) per share of Class A Common Stock – basic and diluted  $0.04   $14,024   $0.16 
                
For the year ended December 31, 2019(2):               
Weighted average shares outstanding of common stock – basic and diluted   27,867,000    417    36,623,000 
Net income (loss) per share of common stock – basic and diluted  $0.16   $(2,772)  $(0.16)

 

(1)Book value per share = (Total equity excluding preferred shares and redeemable shares)/(shares outstanding excluding redeemable shares).

 

(2)There were no cash dividends declared on any common stock in the periods presented.

 

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR PARTS iD, INC.

 

The following discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations of PARTS iD, Inc. should be read together with Onyx’s unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2020 and for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, together with related notes thereto, and Onyx’s audited consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, together with related notes thereto, included elsewhere in this prospectus. The discussion and analysis should also be read together with the section entitled “Business” and our pro forma financial information as of and for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2020. See “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information.” The following discussion contains forward-looking statements. Our actual results may differ significantly from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause future results to differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those discussed in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Forward-Looking Statements.” For the purposes of this section, “we,” “us,” “our,” “Onyx,” the “Company” and “PARTS iD” each refer to Onyx prior to the closing of the Business Combination and PARTS iD, Inc. following the closing of the Business Combination.

 

Overview

 

PARTS iD is a technology-driven, digital commerce company focused on creating custom infrastructure and unique user experiences within niche markets.

 

The Company was founded in 2008 with a vision of creating a one-stop eCommerce destination for the automotive parts and accessories market. Management belies that the Company has since become a market leader and proven brand-builder, fueled by its commitment to delivering an engaging shopping experience; comprehensive, accurate and varied product offerings; and continued digital commerce innovation.

 

On September 18, 2020, Legacy, Merger Sub 1, Merger Sub 2, Onyx, and the Stockholder Representative entered into a Business Combination Agreement, and on November 20, 2020, the Business Combination was completed. Pursuant to the Business Combination, Merger Sub merged with and into Onyx, with Onyx surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Merger Sub 2, and immediately thereafter, Onyx merged with and into Merger Sub 2, with Merger Sub 2 being the surviving entity. Following completion of the Business Combination on November 20, 2020, Legacy changed its name to PARTS iD, Inc. Because Legacy had no other operating business following the acquisition, Onyx effectively became a public company at the conclusion of the Business Combination on November 20, 2020.

 

Trends Impacting Onyx’s Business and Growth Strategy

 

The Company’s management believes the automotive market is large and growing and that it is well positioned to capitalize on the growth in ecommerce adoption. Management expects the key drivers of current and future long-term demand for the products sold within the automotive aftermarket parts and accessories industry to include total miles driven, average vehicle age and the number of vehicles on the road, including the increase in the number of vehicles used for ride-sharing. This attractive backdrop combined with the Company’s differentiated technology and proprietary data provide a customer experience that management believes will fuel growth and position it to capture a larger share of the market.

 

The Company’s distinctive technology provides accurate fitment data to enable a successful automotive parts experience for its customers. Unlike almost any other product category, the success or failure of selling automotive parts comes down to fitment data that sellers like the Company adds to its product offerings. Fitment is the compatibility of each part and accessory to each specific vehicle year, make, model, engine type, trim and more that parts and accessories fit. Having fitment data that is accurate, complete and in the right format for each channel is crucial to a superior user experience and a successful customer transaction.

 

Management believes its business is poised for growth as a result of several drivers, starting with product cultivation within its core automotive product lines, which it is working to capitalize on by further developing vendor relationships in large, key categories such as original equipment car parts. Furthermore, the Company launched seven new verticals over the last two years — boating, motorcycle, recreation, power sports, RV/camper, semi-truck and tools. Finally, private label products present an opportunity for the Company. While it is a small piece of the Company’s business today, there is work underway to grow it by gradually developing existing lines, adding new lines under existing in-house brands and introducing new brands for new product lines. In addition, the Company intends to pursue emerging opportunities within the growing do-it-for-me (DIFM) segment of the market, in partnership with select vendors and service providers, such as third-party networks of garage, mechanic, tire installation and on-demand service providers.

 

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The Company’s second strategic growth initiative is pricing optimization. The Company’s analytics team has been developing more advanced pricing policies based on findings from recent price elasticity tests, including adjusting price to drive more volume and expand gross margin dollars. The Company is making investments in people and software to advance its efforts on this important front.

 

Geographic expansion is the Company’s third major growth driver. With the Company’s expansion into multiple verticals, the Company has shown that its existing technology structure can be applied to other industries. The Company is in the process of replicating the same playbook when it comes to operating in new countries. This endeavor starts with a test in Canada in the coming years, which management expects will establish its blueprint to accelerate international expansion in the years ahead.

 

Marketing, the Company’s fourth and final strategic growth initiative, consists of several different approaches to boost brand awareness and fuel increased retention. In the past year, the Company accelerated social media marketing to reach new consumers. More recently, the Company ran its first television commercial and is incorporating what was learned into its next television spot due out later this year. The Company also has plans to develop a loyalty program aimed at increasing customer lifetime value by incentivizing customers to buy more and spend more across all its verticals. During the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, repeat customers, which the Company begin tracking during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011, accounted for approximately 19.5% and 16.6%, respectively, of unique customers during the fiscal year, with the remaining unique customers being new customers. The Company’s final strategy is capitalizing on personalization and customer relationship management automation by leveraging its broad data set to craft targeted consumer messages.

 

Impact of COVID-19

 

Although the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has caused an economic downturn on a global scale, disrupted global supply chains, and created significant uncertainty, volatility, and disruption across economies, due to the further adoption of online shopping by consumers, it has had a positive effect on the Company’s e-commerce business operations, including a substantial increase in net sales, profitability and cash flows. To date, the Company has largely been successful in managing its supply chain, with just marginal increases in order cancellations and delivery times. The Company expects the increased adoption of online shopping by consumers to continue in the future, even as restrictions designed to slow the spread of COVID-19 are reduced or eliminated.

 

See the section titled “Risk Factors” of this prospectus for further discussion of the risks related to COVID-19.

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of the Fiscal Years Ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s results of operations for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

      2019-2018
   Years ended December 31,  Changes from previous year
   2019  % to Sales  2018  % to Sales  Dollars  Percentage
Revenues  $287,820,277        $288,632,927         (812,650)   (0.3)%
Cost of goods sold   226,603,934    78.7%   226,967,953    78.6%   (364,019)   (0.2)%
Gross profit   61,216,343    21.3%   61,664,974    21.4%   (448,631)   (0.7)%
Gross Margin   21.3%        21.4%               
Operating expenses                              
Advertising   20,986,879    7.3%   21,796,677    7.6%   (809,798)   (3.7)%
Selling, general & administrative   35,147,259    12.2%   36,066,049    12.5%   (918,790)   (2.5)%
Depreciation   5,847,413    2.0%   4,345,441    1.5%   1,501,972    34.6%
Total operating expenses   61,981,551    21.5%   62,208,167    21.6%   (226,616)   (0.4)%
Loss from operations   (765,208)   (0.3)%   (543,193)   (0.2)%   (222,015)   40.9%
Other expense                              
Interest expense   34,534    0.0%   915    0.0%   33,619    3,674.2%
Loss before income tax   (799,742)   (0.3)%   (544,108)   (0.2)%   (255,634)   47.0%
Income tax (benefit)/expenses   (143,902)   (0.0)%   96,295    0.0%   (240,197)   (249.4)%
Net Loss  $(655,840)   (0.2)%  $(640,403)   (0.2)%   (15,437)   2.4%

 

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Revenues

 

Revenues decreased $0.8 million, or 0.3%, in fiscal year 2019 compared to fiscal year 2018. This decrease was primarily attributable to a 19.0% decrease in conversion rate, largely due to the Company’s implementation of sales tax collection in October 2018 following the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in South Dakota v. Wayfair, which overruled Quill Corp. v. North Dakota and had a material impact of approximately $67.8 million in fiscal year 2019.

 

Sales promotions such as free shipping, discounted shipping and discounted product pricing can impact conversion rates, average order value, sales volume and margin in varying amounts depending on the type of promotion, the effective promotional value, the length of the promotion, the specific products, brands and categories the promotions are applied to, and the promotional and pricing strategies and activities of competitors for the same or similar products during the period. The Company measures the impact from pricing and promotional strategies using A/B testing, discount code redemptions and sequential analysis.

 

Cost of Goods Sold

 

Cost of goods sold is composed of product cost, the associated fulfilment and handling costs charged by vendors, if any, and shipping costs. In fiscal year 2019, the cost of goods sold was 78.7% of revenues, consistent with 78.6% of revenues in fiscal year 2018.

 

Gross Profit and Gross Margin

 

Gross profit decreased $0.4 million, or 0.7%, in fiscal year 2019 compared to fiscal year 2018. This decrease resulted from the decrease in revenue in fiscal year 2019 as compared to fiscal year 2018. Gross margin in fiscal year 2019 of 21.3% was approximately consistent with the gross margin of 21.4% in fiscal year 2018.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Advertising expenses decreased $0.8 million, or 3.7%, in fiscal year 2019 compared to fiscal year 2018. This decrease was primarily attributable to more efficient and effective advertising dollar spend during fiscal year 2019.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $0.9 million, or 2.5%, in fiscal year 2019 compared to fiscal year 2018. This decrease was primarily attributable to a one-time loss of $2.6 million in fiscal year 2018 for settlement expenses and reduced performance incentives in fiscal year 2019. For additional information regarding these settlement expenses, please see Note 8 of the Notes to the Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 in the “Index to Financial Information Onyx Enterprises Int’l, Corp.” included in this Information Statement. The decrease was partially offset by increased investments in new stores, as well as site maintenance expenses and small increases in professional fees, hosting and software expenses.

 

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Depreciation expenses increased $1.5 million, or 34.6%, in fiscal year 2019 compared to fiscal year 2018. This increase was primarily attributable to increased depreciation related to prior years’ website and software development combined with a marginal increase in website and software development during fiscal year 2019.

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense increased $33.6 thousand in fiscal year 2019 compared to fiscal year 2018. This increase was primarily attributable to interest on sales tax payable for past periods.

 

Income Tax (Benefit)/Expenses

 

Income tax benefit was $0.1 million for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, compared to income tax expenses of $0.1 million for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, a change of $0.2 million. This change was primarily attributable to unabsorbed depreciation, partially offset by deferred revenues. The effective income tax rate for 2019 was 18.4% as compared to 46.8% in 2018. The decrease in rate is attributable to a difference in expenses not deductible for income tax purposes.

 

Comparison of the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:

 

   Nine Months ended  Changes from previous
period
   2020  % Sales  2019  % Sales  Dollars  Percentage
Revenues   307,751,463         217,749,149         90,002,314    41.3%
Cost of goods sold   240,928,853    78.3%   171,235,868    78.6%   69,692,985    40.7%
Gross profit   66,822,610    21.7%   46,513,281    21.4%   20,309,329    43.7%
Gross Margin   21.7%        21.4%               
Operating expenses                              
Advertising   25,014,794    8.1%   15,584,259    7.2%   9,430,535    60.5%
Selling, general & administrative   28,883,134    9.4%   25,810,128    11.9%   3,073,006    11.9%
Depreciation   5,034,672    1.6%   4,242,694    1.9%   791,978    18.7%
Total operating expenses   58,932,600    19.1%   45,637,081    21.0%   13,295,519    29.1%
Income from operations   7,890,010    2.6%   876,200    0.4%   7,013,810    800.5%
Other expenses                              
Interest expense   7,684    0.0%   4,814    0.0%   2,870    59.6%
Income before income tax   7,882,326    2.5%   871,386    0.4%   7,010,940    804.6%
Income tax expenses   1,659,227    0.5%   215,145    0.1%   1,444,082    671.2%
Net income  $6,223,099    2.0%  $656,241    0.3%  $5,566,858    848.3%

 

Revenues

 

Revenues increased $90.0 million, or 41.3%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same period for 2019. This increase was primarily attributable to a 29.4% increase in website traffic and a 24.1% increase in conversion rate compared to the same period for 2019, caused by rapid adoption of online shopping during the initial outbreak of COVID-19.

 

Sales promotions such as free shipping, discounted shipping and discounted product pricing can impact conversion rates, average order value, sales volume and margin in varying amounts depending on the type of promotion, the effective promotional value, the length of the promotion, the specific products, brands and categories the promotions are applied to, and the promotional and pricing strategies and activities of competitors for the same or similar products during the period. The Company measures the impact from pricing and promotional strategies using tools like A/B testing, discount code redemptions and sequential analysis among others.

 

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Cost of Goods Sold

 

Cost of goods sold is composed of product cost, the associated fulfilment and handling costs charged by vendors, if any, and shipping costs. In the nine months ended September 30, 2020, cost of goods sold increased by $69.7 million, or 40.7%, compared to the same period in 2019. The increase in cost of goods sold was primarily driven by an increase in the number of orders delivered. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the cost of goods sold was 78.3% of revenues, consistent with 78.6% of revenues in the same period of 2019.

 

Gross Profit and Gross Margin

 

Gross profit increased $20.3 million, or 43.7%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same period for 2019. This increase was primarily attributable to the 41.3% increase in revenue in the nine months ended September 30, 2020. Gross margin in the nine months ended September 30, 2020 of 21.7% was slightly higher than gross margin of 21.4% in the same period for 2019.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Advertising expenses increased $9.4 million, or 60.5%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same period for 2019. This increase was primarily attributable to (i) an increase in paid traffic along with an increase in revenue in the nine months ended September 30, 2020, and (ii) testing of new social media advertising campaigns and development of commercials for connected TV marketing.

 

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased $3.1 million, or 11.9%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 versus the same period for 2019. This increase was primarily attributable to an increase in merchant services provider processing fees in line with the increase in revenue and small changes in other operational costs, including one-time Business Combination deal expenses of $0.3 million. As a percentage of revenue, SG&A expenses decreased from 11.9% to 9.4%, reflecting greater operating cost leverage on higher revenues during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Depreciation expenses increased $0.8 million, or 18.7%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same period for 2019. This increase was primarily attributable to increased depreciation related to prior years’ website and software development combined with a marginal increase in website and software development costs during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense increased $2.9 thousand, or 59.6%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. This increase in terms of dollar amount was not material.

 

Income Tax Expenses

 

Income tax expenses increased $1.4 million, or 671.2%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same period for 2019. This change was primarily attributable to an increase in taxable income for the period. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the effective income tax rate was 21.05% compared to 24.69% for the same period for 2019. The increase in rate was primarily attributable to differences in expenses not deductible for income tax purposes.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Company’s primary sources of liquidity are cash on hand of $36.9 million as of September 30, 2020, cash generated from operations and changes in operating assets and liabilities of the Company.  Management believes the Company’s current resources will be sufficient to fund its cash needs, as they arise, for at least the next 12 months. The Company’s primary uses of cash are for investment in website and software development.

 

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Comparison of the Fiscal Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

The following table summarizes the key cash flow metrics from the Company’s statements of cash flows for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

   Fiscal Years Ended
December 31,
   2019  2018
Net cash provided by operating activities  $4,268,997   $10,689,689 
Net cash used in investing activities   (7,198,876)   (7,263,330)
Net cash used in financing activities   (520,386)   (1,191,181)
Net change in cash  $(3,450,265)  $2,235,178 

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $4.3 million and $10.7 million for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, a decrease of $6.4 million, or 60.1%. This decrease was primarily attributable to a reduction in accounts payable of $5.2 million, a reduction in customer deposits of $2.5 million and a reduction in other current liabilities of $1.8 million, partially offset by an increase in depreciation of $1.5 million and an increase in accrued expenses of $1.1 million.

 

The Company has a negative working capital model (current liabilities exceed current assets). Any profitable growth in revenue results in incremental cash for the Company, as the Company receives funds when customers place orders on the website, while accounts payable are paid over a period time, based on vendor terms, which range on average from one week to eight weeks. Because revenues in fiscal year 2019 were relatively flat compared with fiscal year 2018, net cash flows from operating activities were principally derived from net loss and depreciation, which totaled $5.2 million. This was partially offset by a $1.0 million increase in the Company’s net working capital.

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $7.2 million and $7.3 million for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, a decrease of $0.1 million, or 0.9%. This decrease was primarily attributable to a reduction in purchases of property and equipment of $0.3 million and a reduction in purchases of intangible assets of $0.2 million, partially offset by an increase in website and software development costs of $0.5 million.

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

Net cash used in financing activities was $0.5 million and $1.2 million for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, a decrease of $0.7 million, or 56.3%. This decrease was primarily attributable to a reduction in payments of preferred stock dividends of $0.7 million.

 

Comparison of the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

 

The following table summarizes the key cash flow metrics from the Company’s statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:

 

   Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2020  2019
Net cash provided by operating activities  $28,879,301   $4,608,760 
Net cash used in investing activities   (5,171,877)   (5,351,722)
Net cash used in financing activities   (390,892)   (390,078)
Net change in cash  $23,316,532   $(1,133,040)

 

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Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

The net cash provided by operating activities consisted of our net income adjusted for certain non-cash items including depreciation as well as the effect of changes in working capital and other activities. Operating cash flows can be volatile and are sensitive to many factors, including changes in working capital and our net income (loss). The Company has a negative working capital model (current liabilities exceed current assets). Any profitable growth in revenue results in incremental cash for the Company, as the Company receives funds when customers place orders on the website, while accounts payable are paid over a period time, based on vendor terms, which range on average from one week to eight weeks.

 

Cash provided by operating activities in the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $28.9 million and was driven primarily by cash provided by a) operating assets and liabilities of $16.3 million, b)  net income of $6.2 million, c) impact of non-cash item depreciation and amortization expense of $5.0 million, and d) the net impact of deferred income taxes $1.4 million.

 

Cash used in operating activities in the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $4.6 million and was driven primarily by cash provided by a) impact of non-cash item depreciation and amortization expense of $4.2 million, and b)  net income of $0.7 million, partly offset by cash used by operating assets and liabilities of $0.5 million.

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $5.2 million and $5.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. This decrease of $0.2 million, or 3.4%, was primarily attributable to lower spending on website and software development (technology platform and catalog) costs and purchases of property and equipment. This is something that varies depending on the timing of technology and product development cycles.

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

Net cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 of $0.4 million was consistent with net cash used in financing activities of $0.4 million during the same period for 2019. 

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Company’s consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. The Company considers its most important accounting policies that require significant estimates and management judgment to be those policies discussed below. The Company’s other significant accounting policies are summarized in Note 2 of the Notes to the Unaudited Financial Statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 set forth elsewhere in this prospectus.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue from product sales and associated shipping fees, net of promotional discounts and return allowances, when the following revenue recognition criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; the selling price is fixed or determinable; collectability is reasonably assured; and the product is delivered to the customer. The Company estimates customer product return allowances based on historical experience and reduces product revenue, inclusive of shipping fees, by expected product returns.

 

Amounts received from customers prior to the delivery of products are recorded as customer deposits in the accompanying balance sheets. These advances are recognized as revenue in accordance with the Company’s policy on revenue recognition.

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09”). This new standard replaces all previous accounting guidance on this topic, eliminates all industry-specific guidance and provides a unified model to determine how revenue is recognized. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In doing so, companies need to use more judgment and make more estimates than under prior guidance. Judgments include identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of consideration to include in the transaction price, and allocating the transaction price to each performance obligation.

 

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Effective January 1, 2019, the Company elected to adopt ASU 2014-09 using the modified retrospective method which applied to all new contracts initiated on or after January 1, 2019 and all open contracts which had remaining obligations as of that date. Prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with Onyx’s historical accounting practices under Topic 605. The adoption of ASU 2014-09 did not have a material impact on Onyx’s balance sheets and financial results for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and there was no cumulative effect to retained earnings on the date of adoption.

 

In determining the appropriate amount of revenue to be recognized as it fulfills its obligations under its agreements, Onyx performs the following steps (i) identifies contracts with customers; (ii) identifies performance obligation(s); (iii) determines the transaction price; (iv) allocates the transaction price to the performance obligation(s); and (v) recognizes revenue when (or as) Onyx satisfies each performance obligation.

 

The Company recognizes revenue on product sales through the Company’s website as the principal in the transaction as the Company has concluded it controls the product before it is transferred to the customer. The Company controls products when it is the entity responsible for fulfilling the promise to the customer and takes responsibility for the acceptability of the goods, assumes inventory risk from shipment through the delivery date, has discretion in establishing prices, and selects the suppliers of products sold.

 

The Company’s revenue recognition is impacted by estimates of unshipped and undelivered orders at the end of the applicable reporting period. If actual unshipped and undelivered orders are not consistent with the Company’s estimates, the impact on the Company’s revenue for the applicable reporting period could be material. Unshipped and undelivered orders as of September 30, 2020 and 2019 were $13.9 million and $8.9 million, respectively, which are reflected as customer deposits on the Company’s balance sheets.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the unshipped and undelivered orders, the goods in transit, and cost of goods sold were estimated based on (i) 10 days of unshipped and/or undelivered orders based on the actual computed days for similar orders at the end of December 2019, and (ii) the cost of goods sold and goods in transit were estimated by applying the percentages to total revenues for unshipped and undelivered orders based on the actual data for June 2020 and December 2019, respectively.

 

Sales discounts earned by customers at the time of purchase and taxes collected from customers, which are remitted to governmental authorities, are deducted from gross revenue in determining net revenue. Allowances for sales returns are estimated and recorded based on historical experience and reduce product revenue, inclusive of shipping fees, by expected product returns. Net allowances for sales returns at September 30, 2020 and 2019 were $664,886 and $550,450, respectively.

 

If actual sales returns are not consistent with the Company’s estimates or adjustments, the Company may incur future losses or gains that could be material. Adjustments to return allowances for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,  Balance at Beginning
of Period
  Adjustments  Balance at Close
of Period
2020  $495,697   $169,189   $664,886 
2019  $480,192   $70,256   $550,450 

 

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Website and Software Development

 

The Company capitalizes certain costs associated with website and software (technology platform including the catalog) developed for internal use in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350-50, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other — Website Development Costs and ASC 350-40, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other — Internal Use Software when both the preliminary project design and the testing stage are completed and management has authorized further funding for the project, which it deems probable of completion and to be used for the function intended. Capitalized costs include amounts directly related to website and software development such as contractors’ fees, payroll and payroll-related costs for employees who are directly associated with and who devote time to the internal-use software project. Capitalization of such costs ceases when the project is substantially complete and ready for its intended use. Capitalized costs are amortized over a three-year period commencing on the date that the specific module or platform is placed in service. Costs incurred during the preliminary stages of development and ongoing maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Determinations as to when a project is substantially complete and what constitutes ongoing maintenance require judgments and estimates by management. The Company periodically reviews the carrying values of capitalized costs and makes judgments as to ultimate realization. The amount of capitalized software costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,  Capitalized
Software
2020  $5,146,408 
2019  $5,272,433 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

The Company is not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See Note 2 of the Notes to the Financial Statements for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 and Note 2 of the Notes to the Unaudited Financial Statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, provided elsewhere in this prospectus, for information on how recent accounting pronouncements have affected or may affect the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR LEGACY ACQUISITION CORP.

 

The following discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations of Legacy Acquisition Corp. should be read together with Legacy’s unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2020 and for the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, together with related notes thereto, and Legacy’s audited consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, together with the related notes thereto, included elsewhere in this prospectus. The discussion and analysis should also be read together with the section entitled “Business”, the pro forma financial information as of and for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2020 (see “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information”) and the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of PARTS iD, Inc.” The following discussion contains forward-looking statements. Legacy’s actual results may differ significantly from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause future results to differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those discussed in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Forward Looking Statements.” For the purposes of this section, “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” and “Legacy” refer to Legacy prior to the closing of the Business Combination.

 

Recent Developments — Impact of COVID 19

 

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, China, which has and is continuing to spread throughout China and other parts of the world, including the United States. On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern.” On January 31, 2020, U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Alex M. Azar II declared a public health emergency for the United States to aid the U.S. healthcare community in responding to COVID-19, and on March 11, 2020 the World Health Organization characterized the outbreak as a “pandemic.” A continuation of the significant outbreak of COVID-19 and other infectious diseases could result in a widespread health crisis that could adversely affect the economies and financial markets worldwide. The extent to which our operations will be affected will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, among others. If the disruptions posed by COVID-19 or other matters of global concern continue for an extensive period of time, our operations may be materially adversely affected.

 

Overview

 

We were incorporated as a Delaware corporation as a blank check company and were formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses. We reviewed a number of opportunities for the purpose of entering into a business combination with an operating business, and, as described below in further detail under the caption “Agreement for Business Combination and Extension Amendments” entered into a Share Exchange Agreement with Blue Valor Limited which we terminated in July 2020 (as further discussed below), and subsequently entered into the Business Combination Agreement with Onyx on September 18, 2020. On November 20, 2020, we effectuated the Business Combination using remaining cash from the proceeds of our initial public offering (after redemptions in October 2019 and in May 2020) and our capital stock.

 

Agreement for Business Combination with Blue Valor and Extension Amendments

 

On December 2, 2019, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Share Exchange Agreement, as amended by that First Amendment to the Amended and Restated Share Exchange Agreement, dated March 13, 2020 (the “Share Exchange Agreement”), that amends and restates the Share Exchange Agreement dated as of August 23, 2019, as amended by that First Amendment to Share Exchange Agreement dated as of September 27, 2019, with Blue Valor Limited (“Blue Valor” or the “Seller”), a company incorporated in Hong Kong and an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Blue Focus Intelligent Communications Group (“BlueFocus”). On July 20, 2020, the Company terminated the Share Exchange Agreement pursuant to Section 10.1(f), which allowed either party to terminate the agreement if the business combination contemplated therein was not consummated by May 20, 2020. The termination was in response to the increasing impact on the global advertising sector, and global markets broadly, resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, which has negatively affected market valuations. No termination penalty was incurred or became payable by the Company in connection with the termination of the Share Exchange Agreement. Under the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement, Legacy would have purchased all of the issued and outstanding shares of a wholly owned holding company of Blue Valor, which held an advertising and marketing services group, which we refer to as the “Blue Impact business.” Concurrently with termination of the Share Exchange Agreement, Legacy terminated the related ancillary agreements which it had entered into in connection with the contemplated business combination.

 

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The Company’s Charter and final IPO prospectus dated November 16, 2017, (which was filed with the SEC on November 17, 2017) provided that the Company had until November 21, 2019 to complete a business combination. In order to provide the Company additional time to complete the business combination with the Blue Impact business, on October 22, 2019 the Company’s Stockholders approved an Extension Amendment (the “Extension Amendment”) in order to extend the deadline to complete the business combination with the Blue Impact business from November 21, 2019 to December 21, 2019 and thereafter at the Company’s option or upon the Sellers request up to five times, initially to January 21, 2020, and thereafter by up to four additional 30-day periods ending on May 20, 2020 (the “Initial Extended Date”). On April 21, 2020, the Company filed a definitive proxy on Schedule 14A related to the extension of the deadline to consummate a business combination to November 20, 2020. Thereafter, on May 18, 2020, the stockholders of the Company approved an extension of time to complete a business combination from May 20, 2020 to November 20, 2020 (the “Extended Date”). The Company had the discretion to continue to withdraw from the trust account amounts necessary for taxes, and for working capital of up to $750,000 annually (on a pro rata basis), during the period of the Extension Amendments.

 

When the Company elected and/or the Seller requested that the Company extend the date by which the Company had to consummate the business combination with the Blue Impact business, the Company publicly announced the Company’s decision no later than the close of business on the last day of the then-current extension period. In addition, the Company made additional contributions of $0.03 per outstanding public share for each period of the extension by Legacy at its option and/or at the Seller’s request. The Seller had made contributions of $979,155.40 for each of the first three extensions, and $879,155.40 for each of the fourth, fifth and sixth extensions at September 30, 2020, for contributions of a total aggregate amount of $5,574,932.

 

In connection with the May 2020 Extension Agreement, shareholders elected to redeem 23,182,481 shares of Legacy’s Class A common stock at approximately $10.46 per share for an aggregate of approximately $242,423,000 withdrawn from the trust account. In addition, in connection with the May 2020 Extension Agreement, the Company agreed to make a cash contribution (“Contribution”) to the trust account in an amount equal to $0.02 for each public share that was not redeemed in connection with the stockholder approval of the Extension Amendment for each month of the Extension (or approximately $122,400.00 per month after giving effect to redemptions). The Contribution did not accrue interest and the aggregate amount of the Contribution was calculated as of the date it was determined the business combination would not be effectuated. Since this potential payment was contingent upon the closing of a business combination, no accrual of a liability was made at September 30, 2020.

 

On October 23, 2019, the Company issued a note (the “Seller Note”) for the aggregate principal amount of approximately $979,000, to the Seller (including $100,000 provided to the Company for working capital). Borrowings under the Seller Note will bear interest at a rate equal to the 1-month USD LIBOR interest rate, plus 1.5%. The Seller Note was issued in connection with the approval by the Company’s stockholders of the Extension Amendment. In connection with the Extension Amendment, stockholders elected to redeem 694,820 shares of the Legacy’s Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, issued in the Company’s initial public offering (the “public shares”) aggregating approximately $7,108,000, and 29,305,180 public shares remained issued and outstanding at that time following such redemptions. Accordingly, consistent with the Company’s proxy materials relating to the special meeting, on or about October 23, 2019, the Company made a cash contribution to the Trust Account in an amount equal to $0.03 for each public share that was not redeemed in connection with the stockholder approval of the Extension Amendment for the initial extension through December 21, 2019, which equaled an aggregate amount of approximately $979,000 (including $100,000 provided to Company for costs and expenses). On December 17, 2019, in connection with the Company’s extension of the date by which the Company has to consummate a business combination from December 21, 2019, to January 21, 2020, the Company issued an amended and restated note (the “Amended Seller Note”) to the Seller that amended and restated the Seller Note and received the second Seller Loan from the Seller. Borrowings under the Amended Seller Note continued to bear interest at a rate equal to the 1 month USD LIBOR interest rate, plus 1.5% accruing from the date of the applicable borrowings. Subsequent to December 31, 2019, the Company extended the date by which it has to consummate a business combination from January 21, 2020 to February 20, 2020, from February 20, 2020 to March 21, 2020, from March 21, 2020 to April 20, 2020 and from April 20, 2020 to May 20, 2020. In connection with each of the first three extensions, the Seller loaned $979,155.40 to the Company under the Amended Seller Note. Additionally, in connection with the remaining extensions, the Seller loaned $879,155.40 for each extension. As a result, Seller loaned to the Company a total of $5,574,932.40 at September 30, 2020 (six loans), and a total of $1,958,310.80 at December 31, 2019 (two loans).

 

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Under the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement, the Seller agreed to loan (each, a “Seller Loan”) to Legacy the amount of the contributions to be made by Legacy in connection with the initial extension through December 21, 2019, and for each period of the Extension thereafter; provided, however, that the Seller was not required to make any loan to Legacy with respect to any Extension for the purpose of consummating an initial business combination other than the business combination. In addition, the Seller agreed that the Seller Loans could have included additional amounts to cover certain costs and expenses that Legacy could have reasonably incurred in connection with the continuation of operations until the earlier of the consummation of the business combination or the Extended Date and the total of all such costs and expenses were not to exceed a total of $300,000 in the aggregate for all Extensions through the Extended Date. No Seller Loan was to exceed $1,000,000 in the aggregate (including loans to fund costs and expenses). The Seller Loans made on or about October 23, 2019, December 21, 2019 and January 21, 2020, each in the principal amount of approximately $979,000 under the Amended Seller Note reflected a loan to fund the Company’s Contributions to the Trust Account of approximately $879,000 plus $100,000 to fund the costs and expenses that the Company reasonably expected to incur in connection with the continuation of operations until the earlier of the consummation of the business combination or the Extended Date. As of September 30, 2020, Legacy had borrowed in respect of its costs and expenses a total of $300,000 in the aggregate.

 

On November 20, 2020, in connection with the Business Combination with Onyx, the Seller, the Sponsor, and the Company entered into that certain Amended and Restated Promissory Note Amendment Side Letter, by which the Sponsor assumed all of the Company’s obligations under the promissory note in connection with the Seller Loans. As of November 20, 2020, the aggregate unpaid amount under the promissory note was $5,655,000.

 

Agreement for Business Combination with Onyx

 

On September 18, 2020, the Company entered into the Business Combination Agreement with Onyx, pursuant to which the Company paid to the Onyx common stockholders, in the form of shares of Common Stock valued at $10.00 per share, an amount equal to the sum of (a) $260,000,000, (b) plus the amount, if any, by which the net working capital of Onyx exceeds a net working capital target, (c) minus the amount, if any, by which the net working capital exceeds the net working capital of Onyx, (d) plus $25,000,000, which represents cash that will be retained by Onyx, (e) minus the amount of indebtedness of Onyx, (f) minus $20,000,000 to be paid to the holders of the outstanding shares of the preferred stock, no par value per share, of Onyx, (g) minus the amount of all of Onyx’s transaction expenses, (h) minus $3,000,000, to be held in reserve by Legacy for potential post-Closing purchase price adjustments, (i) minus $350,000 for the stockholder representative reserve fund to be used for paying directly, or reimbursing the Stockholder Representative for, any third party expenses pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement and the agreements ancillary thereto, and (j) unless certain claims are resolved prior to Closing (as described below), minus $7,500,000, to be held in reserve by the Company for reimbursement of certain potential indemnification expenses that may become payable by Onyx.

 

The purchase price was estimated at Closing and is subject to a post-Closing reconciliation process. Any unused portion of the Adjustment Reserve Amount following such reconciliation, or any unused portion of the Indemnification Expense Reserve Amount, will be paid to the Onyx common stockholders by issuance of additional shares of Common Stock in accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement.

 

As a result of a Letter Agreement dated September 17, 2020, by and between Legacy, Wells Fargo, Cantor Fitzgerald, Stifel, Nicolaus & Co. and Loop Capital, the deferred underwriting fee referred payable by Legacy and referred to in the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” and “Deferred Offering Costs” has been reduced by $4,500,000, from $10,500,000 to $6,000,000.

 

Concurrently with the execution of the Business Combination Agreement, the Sponsor, the Company and the Stockholder Representative entered into a Sponsor Support Agreement (the “Sponsor Support Agreement”), and on November 20, 2020, in connection with the Closing, the parties entered into an Amended and Restated Sponsor Support Agreement (the “A&R Sponsor Support Agreement”). Pursuant to the A&R Sponsor Support Agreement, prior to, and in connection with, the Closing, the Sponsor, among other things, (a) forfeited (i) 3,069,474 shares of Legacy’s Class F Common Stock (the “Forfeited Shares”) and (ii) 14,587,770 warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock, (b) retained the rights to an aggregate of 4,430,526 shares of the Company’s Class F Common Stock, (c) assumed the obligation to pay the Buyer Transaction Expenses (as such term is defined in the Business Combination Agreement) and (d) obtained the right to 1,502,129 shares of Common Stock should the Common Stock exceed $15.00 per share for any thirty-day trading period during the 730 calendar days after Closing (the “Sponsor Deferred Shares”).

 

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The number of Forfeited Shares was calculated pursuant to the Sponsor Support Agreement, such that (i) if the amount of funds available in the trust fund established by the Company for the benefit of its public stockholders (the “Trust Fund”), after giving effect to the exercise of redemption rights by the redeeming stockholders of the Company, was less than $54,000,000, then immediately prior to the closing of the Business Combination, the Sponsor would surrender and forfeit up to a maximum of 3,250,000 shares of Class F common stock and (ii) if, and to the extent, that the Company paid its transaction expenses from the Trust Fund in excess of $16,400,000, then the Sponsor would surrender and forfeit to the Company up to a maximum of 3,250,000 shares of Class F common stock (the “Expense Reduction Shares”), pursuant to a calculation described in the Sponsor Support Agreement. In no event was the sum of the Expense Reduction Shares and the Equity Reduction Shares to exceed 3,250,000 shares of Class F common stock.

 

The number of Sponsor Deferred Shares was calculated pursuant to the Sponsor Support Agreement, as amended by the A&R Sponsor Support Agreement, such that the Sponsor had the ability to earn back up to a percentage of the sum of the number of Forfeited Shares based on the average ending share price of Common Stock over a 730 calendar day period immediately following the Closing.

 

In addition, pursuant to the A&R Sponsor Support Agreement, 1,100,00 of the 4,430,526 shares of the Company’s Class F Common Stock retained by the Sponsor were retained in consideration of Sponsor’s contribution to Legacy of that certain direction notice provided by OEC to Sponsor, which direction notice was paid to OEC, as the sole holder of the preferred stock of Onyx, as consideration for $11,000,000 of the Preferred Payment (as such terms are defined in the Business Combination Agreement) of $20,000,000 that was otherwise payable in cash. The Company agreed to use commercially reasonable efforts to register 2,700,000 shares of the Company’s Class F Common Stock retained by Sponsor, including the Common Stock into which such shares were converted, pursuant to which agreement this registration statement is filed.

 

In connection with the Business Combination, the Warrant Agreement was amended such that each of the 30,000,000 outstanding public warrants, and each of the 1,223,748 outstanding private placement warrants issued pursuant to that certain Sponsor Warrants Purchase Agreement, dated as of October 24, 2017, between Legacy and Sponsor, and not owned by Sponsor, was converted solely into the right to receive $0.18 in cash and 0.082 of a share of Common Stock.

 

Results of Operations and Known Trends or Future Events

 

We had neither engaged in any operations nor generated any revenues prior to the Business Combination. Our primary activities since inception and prior to the Business Combination had been organizational activities and those necessary to prepare for our initial public offering which was consummated on November 21, 2017. Since that time and prior to the Business Combination, our activities had also included the activities in our search for a business combination, our negotiation and entry into the Share Exchange Agreement, the termination of the Share Exchange Agreement, our negotiation and entry into the Business Combination Agreement and our performance of our obligations thereunder.

 

Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

 

In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 our principal operating expenses included approximately $60,000 and $215,000 for the professional, insurance and listing costs associated with our public reporting, approximately $50,000 and $150,000 in franchise taxes, approximately $980,000 and $2,600,000 in consulting, legal and travel costs associated with our search for a business combination candidate and related proxy and other costs and approximately $30,000 and $90,000 ($10,000 per month) in administrative fees to our Sponsor. Additionally, in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the company incurred approximately $24,000 and $76,000 of interest expense on the notes issued in connection with the October 23, 2020 Extension Amendment, as amended. Further, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company generated approximately $16,000 and $1,057,000 of interest income on the U.S. government treasury bill, and money market, investments in the Trust Account. The lower interest income in 2020 is largely due to lower interest rates, and to a lesser extent, lower balances. Such interest income is currently taxable and results in a (credit) provision for income taxes of approximately $(7,000) and $191,000 in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 since the majority of our operating expenses are considered start-up costs and are not currently deductible. The Company periodically withdraws funds from the Trust Account to fund the payment of income and franchise taxes and for permitted withdrawals for working capital.

 

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In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 our principal operating expenses included approximately $60,000 and $220,000 for the professional, insurance and listing costs associated with our public reporting, approximately $50,000 and $150,000 in franchise taxes, approximately $900,000 and $2,600,000 in consulting, legal and travel costs associated with our search for a business combination candidate and approximately $30,000 and $90,000 ($10,000 per month) in administrative fees to our Sponsor. Further, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company generated approximately $1,588,000 and $5,154,000 of interest income on the U.S. government treasury bill investments in the Trust Account. The significantly lower interest income is a trend that is expected to continue. In fact, it is likely that interest income will not be sufficient to fund withdrawals for taxes and working capital. The higher interest income in 2019 is largely due to higher interest rates as well as, to a lesser extent, higher trust assets in 2019. Such interest income is currently taxable and results in a provision for income taxes of approximately $325,000 and $1,055,000 in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 since the majority of our operating expenses are considered start-up costs and are not currently deductible. The Company periodically withdraws funds from the Trust Account to fund the payment of income and franchise taxes and for permitted withdrawals for working capital.

 

Following the closing of our initial public offering in November 2017, we have not generated, and will not generate, any operating revenues until after completion of our initial business combination. As discussed above, we currently generate non-operating income in the form of interest income on cash and cash equivalents after our initial public offering and such income generates a currently payable provision for income taxes on such income since our operating expenses are considered start-up expenses and are not currently deductible. In addition to our taxes, administrative fees to our Sponsor and costs associated with our public reporting, we expect to incur increased expenses for our due diligence and other costs of identifying, documenting and closing a business combination and such costs are expected to be very significant and will vary with the stage of development of a business combination. We intend to pay our income and franchise taxes from the income of the Trust Account and we are permitted to draw $750,000 annually from the Trust Account for working capital. The Company may continue to withdraw from the Trust Account amounts necessary for taxes, and for working capital of up to $750,000 annually (on a pro rata basis), during the period of the Extension Agreement.

 

Year End December 31, 2019 and Year End December 31, 2018

 

In the year ended December 31, 2019 our principal operating expenses included approximately $480,000 for the professional, insurance and listing costs associated with our public reporting, approximately $200,000 in franchise taxes, approximately $2,960,000 in consulting, legal and travel costs associated with our search for a business combination candidate and approximately $120,000 ($10,000 per month) in administrative fees to our Sponsor. Further, during the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company generated approximately $6,482,000 of interest income on the investments in the trust account. The higher interest income in 2019 is largely due to higher interest rates and, until the redemptions in October 2019, higher balances. Such interest income is currently taxable and results in a provision for income taxes of approximately $1,320,000 in the year ended December 31, 2019 since the majority of our operating expenses are considered start-up costs and are not currently deductible. The Company periodically withdraws funds from the trust account to fund the payment of income and franchise taxes and for permitted withdrawals for working capital.

 

During year ended December 31, 2018, we incurred approximately $1,623,000 for such formation and organizational activities as well as, since November 21, 2017, our initial activities in search of a business combination. In the year ended December 31, 2018, our primary operating costs included administrative costs to our Sponsor of approximately $120,000, professional accounting, audit and legal fees of approximately $160,000, regulatory and insurance costs of approximately $180,000 and costs associated with our search for a business combination of approximately $920,000 and franchise taxes of approximately $200,000. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company generated approximately $5,559,000 of interest income on the investments in the trust account. Such interest income is currently taxable and results in a provision for income taxes of approximately $1,130,000 in the year ended December 31, 2018 since the majority of our operating expenses are considered start-up costs and are not currently deductible.

 

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Following the closing of our initial public offering in November 2017, we have not generated, and will not generate, any operating revenues until after completion of our initial business combination, if at all. As discussed above, we currently generate non-operating income in the form of interest income on cash and cash equivalents after our initial public offering and such income generates a currently payable provision for income taxes on such income since our operating expenses are considered start-up expenses and are not currently deductible. In addition to our taxes, administrative fees to our Sponsor and costs associated with our public reporting, we expect to incur increased expenses for our due diligence and other costs of identifying, documenting and closing a business combination and such costs are expected to be very significant and will vary with the stage of development of a business combination. We intend to pay our income and franchise taxes from the income of the trust account and we are permitted to draw $750,000 annually from the trust account for working capital, which amounts for 2018 and 2019 have been fully drawn. The Company may continue to withdraw from the trust account amounts necessary for taxes, and for working capital of up to $750,000 annually (on a pro rata basis), during the period between the Initial Extended Date and the Extended Date.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The net proceeds from (i) the sale of the Units in our initial public offering, after deducting offering expenses of approximately $887,000 and underwriting commissions of $6,000,000 (excluding deferred underwriting commissions of $10,500,000, which was reduced, in September 2020, to $6,000,000), and (ii) the sale of the private placement warrants for a purchase price of $8,750,000, were approximately $301.6 million. Of this amount, $300.0 million was placed in the Trust Account, which includes up to $10,500,000 of deferred underwriting commissions. The remaining approximately $1,600,000 was made available to us for working capital and is not held in the Trust Account. See below regarding an aggregate of approximately 249,531,000 that has been removed from the Trust in connection with shareholder redemptions of 23,877,302 shares, including 23,182,481 shares redeemed for approximately $242,423,000 in May 2020 and the 694,820 shares redeemed for approximately $7,108,000 in October 2019, in connection with the Extension Amendments.

 

We used substantially all of the funds held in the Trust Account, including any amounts representing interest earned on the trust account (which interest shall be net of taxes payable and up to $750,000 released to us annually to fund working capital requirements and excluding deferred underwriting commissions) to complete the Business Combination. We may withdraw interest to pay taxes, if any, and up to $750,000 to fund working capital requirements annually. Delaware franchise tax is based on our authorized shares or on our assumed par and non-par capital, whichever yields a lower result. Our annual franchise tax obligation is expected to be capped at the maximum amount of annual franchise taxes payable by us as a Delaware corporation of $200,000. The Company had the discretion to continue to withdraw from the Trust Account amounts necessary for taxes, and for working capital of up to $750,000 annually (on a pro rata basis), during the period of the Extension Agreement. Our annual income tax obligations will depend on the amount of interest and other income earned on the amounts held in the Trust Account.

 

As of September 30, 2020, we had available to us approximately $375,000 of proceeds held outside the Trust Account. We had the discretion to withdraw from the Trust Account amounts necessary for taxes, and for working capital of up to $750,000 annually (on a pro rata basis), during the period of the Extension Amendment. See “Overview, Agreement for Business Combination and Exchange Amendments” above for a discussion of the Share Exchange Agreement and the Extension Amendment.

 

The Company’s sources of liquidity, including our $375,000 cash position at September 30, 2020, together with the agreement for Seller Loans in the Share Exchange Agreement, were adequate to fund our operations until November 20, 2020, the Extended Date. In addition, the Company had the discretion to continue to withdraw from the Trust Account amounts necessary for taxes, and for working capital of up to $750,000 annually (on a pro rata basis), during the period of the Extension Agreement. We used these funds primarily to perform business due diligence on the prospective business combination target business, review corporate documents and material agreements of prospective target business, structure, negotiate and complete the business combination, pay our professional and other costs of being a public company, and to pay taxes to the extent the interest earned on the trust account is not sufficient to pay our taxes. We did not have any material capital expenditures during 2020, except as were incurred in connection with our initial business combination.

 

In order to finance transaction costs in connection with the Business Combination, the Sponsor, pursuant to the Amended and Restated Sponsor Support Agreement, dated November 20, 2020, assumed all of the Company’s payment obligations with respect to Buyer Transaction Expenses (as such term is defined in the Business Combination Agreement), which totaled $15,347,838.

 

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Going Concern

 

In connection with Legacy’s assessment of going concern considerations in accordance with Financial Accounting Standard Board’s Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-15, “Disclosures of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern”, management determined that the Company’s negative liquidity as well as the mandatory liquidation and subsequent dissolution, raised substantial doubt about Legacy’s ability to continue as a going concern. No adjustments were made to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities if Legacy had been required to liquidate after November 20, 2020.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and income and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. The Company has identified the following as its critical accounting policies:

 

Emerging Growth Company

 

Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such an election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard.

 

Net Income (Loss) per Common Share

 

Net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) applicable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. The Company has not considered the effect of the warrants sold in the initial public offering (including the consummation of the over-allotment) and private placement to purchase an aggregate of 23,750,000 Class A ordinary shares in the calculation of diluted income (loss) per share, since their inclusion would be anti-dilutive under the treasury stock method. As a result, diluted income (loss) per common share is the same as basic loss per common share for the period.

 

The Company’s statements of operations include a presentation of income (loss) per share for common stock subject to redemption in a manner similar to the two-class method of income (loss) per share. Net income (loss) per common share, basic and diluted for Class A common stock is calculated by dividing the interest income earned on the Trust Account, net of income tax expense, franchise tax expense and funds available to be withdrawn from Trust for working capital purposes (up to a maximum of $750,000 annually), by the weighted average number of Class A common stock outstanding for the period. Net income (loss) per common share, basic and diluted, for Class F common stock is calculated by dividing the net income (loss), less income attributable to Class A common stock, by the weighted average number of Class F common stock outstanding for the period. Net income (loss) available to each class of common stockholders is as follows for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:

 

   Three months ended  Nine months ended
   September 30,  September 30,
   2020  2019  2020  2019
             
Net income available to Class A common stockholders:            
Interest income  $16,000   $1,588,000   $1,057,000   $5,154,000 
Less:  Income and franchise taxes   (16,000)   (375,000)   (341,000)   (1,205,000)
Expenses available to be paid with interest income from Trust (up to a maximum of $750,000 per year)   -         (563,000)   - 
Net income available to Class A common stockholders  $-   $1,213,000   $153,000   $3,949,000 

 

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   Three months ended  Nine months ended
   September 30,  September 30,
   2020  2019  2020  2019
             
Net income available to Class F common stockholders:            
Net (loss) income  $(1,048,000)  $53,000   $(2,330,000)  $1,533,000 
Less: amount attributable to Class A common stockholders   -    (1,213,0000)   (153,000)   (3,949,000)
Net income (loss) available to class F common stockholders  $(1,048,000)  $1,160,000)  $(2,383,000)  $(2,416,000)

 

Net income (loss) available to each class of common stockholders is as follows for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

   Year ended December 31,
   2019  2018
Net income available to Class A common stockholders:      
Interest income  $6,482,000   $5,559,000 
Less: Income and franchise taxes   (1,520,000)   (1,330,000)
Expenses available to be paid with interest income from Trust (up to a maximum of $750,000 per year)   (125,000)   (1,372,000)
Net income available to Class A common stockholders  $4,837,000   $2,857,000 
           
Net income available to Class F common stockholders:          
Net income  $1,387,000   $2,806,000 
Less: amount attributable to Class A common stockholders   (4,837,000)   (2,857,000)
Net (loss) available to Class F common stockholders  $(3,450,000)  $(51,000)

 

Financial Instruments:

 

The fair value of the Company’s assets and liabilities, which qualify as financial instruments under FASB ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” approximates the carrying amounts represented in the financial statements.

 

Deferred Offering Costs:

 

The Company complies with the requirements of the ASC 340-10-S99-1 and SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin (SAB) Topic 5A – “Expenses of Offering”. Offering costs of approximately $17,387,000 consisted principally of underwriter discounts of $16,500,000 (including $10,500,000 of which payment is deferred) and approximately $887,000 of professional, printing, filing, regulatory and other costs, have been charged to additional paid-in-capital upon completion of the public offering. See also, Note 5 to condensed consolidated financial statements regarding reduction of the deferred underwriting fees in September 2020.

 

Income Taxes:

 

The Company follows the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes under FASB ASC, 740, “Income Taxes.” Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that included the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

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The Company’s currently taxable income consists of interest income on the Trust Account net of franchise taxes. The Company’s general and administrative costs are generally considered start-up costs and are not currently deductible. The Company recorded income tax (credit) expense of approximately $(7,000), 191,000, 325,000 and $1,055,000, respectively, in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, primarily related to interest income earned on the Trust Account net of franchise taxes.

 

The Company’s effective tax rate was approximately (1)%, 9%, 86% and 41%, respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. The Company’s effective tax rate differs from the expected income tax rate due to the start-up and business combination costs (discussed above) which are not currently deductible. At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company has a deferred tax asset of approximately $1,718,000 and $1,080,000, respectively, primarily related to start-up and business combination costs. Management has determined that a full valuation allowance of the deferred tax asset is appropriate at this time.

 

FASB ASC 740 prescribes a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. There were no unrecognized tax benefits as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. No amounts were accrued for the payment of interest and penalties at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position. The Company is subject to income tax examinations by major taxing authorities since inception.

 

Redeemable Common Stock:

 

All of the 30,000,000 common shares sold as part of a Unit in the Public Offering (an aggregate of 23,877,301 shares have been redeemed, including 23,182,481 shares which were redeemed in May 2020 and 694,820 of shares which were redeemed in October 2019 as discussed in Note 3 above, leaving 6,122,699 outstanding) contain a redemption feature which allows for the redemption of common shares under the Company’s Liquidation or Tender Offer/Stockholder Approval provisions. In accordance with FASB 480, redemption provisions not solely within the control of the Company require the security to be classified outside of permanent equity. Ordinary liquidation events, which involve the redemption and liquidation of all of the entity’s equity instruments, are excluded from the provisions of FASB ASC 480. Although the Company did not specify a maximum redemption threshold, its charter provides that in no event will it redeem its Public Shares in an amount that would cause its net tangible assets (stockholders’ equity) to be less than $5,000,001.

 

The Company recognizes changes immediately as they occur and adjusts the carrying value of the securities at the end of each reporting period. Increases or decreases in the carrying amount of redeemable common stock are affected by adjustments to additional paid-in capital. Accordingly, at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, 4,328,690 and 28,344,013, respectively, of the 30,000,000 Public Shares (6,122,699 and 29,305,180, respectively, of which shares remain outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 after 23,877,302 and 694,826 total share redemptions as of those dates) were classified outside of permanent equity.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Management does not believe that any recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting pronouncements, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We did not have any off balance sheet arrangements as of December 31, 2019.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

As of December 31, 2019, we did not have any long-term debt, capital or operating lease obligations. We have recorded deferred underwriting commissions payable upon the completion of a business combination.

 

We entered into an Administrative Services Agreement on November 16, 2017 pursuant to which we are obligated to pay our Sponsor a total of $10,000 per month for office space, utilities, secretarial support and other administrative and consulting services. None of the $10,000 per month payment will be received by our officers or directors or their affiliates. Upon completion of the business combination or our liquidation, we will cease paying these monthly fees. Accordingly, in the event the Company extends the period by which it has to consummate the business combination to the latest possible date, May 20, 2020, our sponsor will be paid a total of $300,000 ($10,000 per month) for office space, utilities, secretarial support and other administrative and consulting services and will be entitled to be reimbursed for any out of pocket expenses.

 

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BUSINESS

 

The following discussion reflects, and “we,” “us,” “our” the “Company” and “PARTS iD” generally refer to, the business of Onyx prior to giving effect to the Business Combination and PARTS iD, Inc. after giving effect to the Business Combination, as the context indicates, unless the context otherwise refers to Legacy.

 

Overview

 

PARTs iD is a technology-driven, digital commerce company focused on creating custom infrastructure and unique user experiences within niche markets. The Company was founded in 2008 with a vision of creating a one-stop eCommerce destination for the automotive parts and accessories market. Management believes that the Company has since become a market leader and proven brand-builder, fueled by its commitment to delivering an engaging shopping experience; comprehensive, accurate and varied product offerings; and continued digital commerce innovation.

 

At its core, the Company’s technology solution is a data and information platform that enables and facilitates a differentiated digital commerce experience within complex product markets, as opposed to a pure eCommerce or electronics retailer. The deep technology platform that Onyx has built integrates software engineering with catalog management, data intelligence, mining and analytics, along with user interface development that utilizes distinctive rules-based parts fitment software capabilities. In order to handle the ever-growing need for accurate automotive product and parts data, the Company has utilized cutting-edge computational and software engineering techniques, including Bayesian classification, to enhance and improve data records and product information and also deliver an engaging user experience.

 

Through the journey of building a comprehensive and complex product portfolio with over 17 million SKUs, as well as building an end-to-end digital commerce platform, the Company has developed a platform for both digital commerce and fulfillment, relying on insights gleaned from nearly 14 billion data points related to vehicle parts, a virtual shipping network comprising over 2,500 locations, nearly 5,000 active brands, and machine-learning algorithms for complex fitment industries such as vehicle parts and accessories.

 

While the Company’s platform has been initially focused on automotive parts and accessories, management believes the Company’s platform is scalable and can be applied to other complex, multi-dimensional fitment, product portfolio industries, including the seven new parts and accessories verticals — semi truck, motorcycle, powersports, RV/camper, boating, recreation and tools — that launched in August 2018.

 

 

The Company has positioned these verticals under its existing “iD” brand and believes this will drive brand loyalty among customers and reputation among vendors, ultimately increasing online traffic, brand visibility, and customer orders for adjacent markets.

 

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Digital Commerce Platform

 

The Company’s digital commerce platform was developed in-house from inception as a solution for industries with data limitations and parts fitment complexities, all while making processes simpler and more efficient. A core differentiator of the Company’s digital commerce platform is its purpose-built and proprietary data catalog developed over more than a decade by collecting, analyzing and refining data regarding original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, vehicles and aftermarket products and customer feedback to define a universe of accurate Year-Make-Model, or YMM, values. Management believes this functionality creates a unique user experience path that drives purchase intelligence and increases consumer confidence and trust.

 

 

The Company’s in-house data catalog houses nearly 14 billion data points for automobiles and the Company’s other seven verticals. This data catalog is designed to tie vehicles with parts that fit their specific YMM, including the variations of sub-model, engine size, transmission type and drivetrain type, as well as to recommend complementary products, such as tools required to install purchased parts and accessories. To build its catalog, the Company aggregates data from multiple sources, cross-pollinates this data to address any gaps in data sets, enriches the catalog using its proprietary internal data, then applies artificial intelligence to make further improvements. Through this process, the Company’s data catalog is able to: (i) determine the exact parts fitment for a product by its parameters, even if certain fitment details are originally missing in manufacturers’ data feeds; and (ii) rapidly incorporate new SKUs as they become available. Because its data catalog is continually expanding with each customer interaction, the Company also is able to offer better purchase recommendations, increase up-sell opportunities, improve the efficiency of its fulfillment operations, and lower errors and mistakes in orders. These economic and commercial advantages result in a fly-wheel effect that increases operating leverage and momentum. Because the cost of operating the Company’s data catalog is largely fixed, the Company has been able to expand its customer offerings into adjacent categories at relatively low incremental costs.

 

Fulfillment Operations

 

The Company’s proprietary and capital efficient fulfillment model is a creative solution to manage high sales volume while carrying minimal inventory, which is primarily associated with its private label products. The Company’s platform, which incorporates live or frequently updated inventory feeds from vendors, provides stock-on-hand for more than 17 million products across nearly 5,000 brands. The Company’s fulfillment model decides which supplier to buy from while the sale is made based on a proprietary algorithm, which incorporates factors such as availability of inventory, customer proximity, shipping cost and profitability.

 

This decentralized, data-driven approach allows the Company to increase delivery speed through more than 2,500 shipping points from its U.S. vendor network.

 

Products

 

The Company primarily sells automotive parts and accessories, including a wide range of goods from automobile accessories, wheels and tires, performance parts, lighting and repair parts. Sales from the Company’s “CARiD” store, which primarily sells automotive products, accounted for approximately 96% and 99% of the Company’s gross revenue for the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The Company also offers parts and accessories for semi-trucks, motorcycles, powersports (including ATVs, snowmobiles and personal watercraft), RVs/campers, boats, recreation (including outdoor sports and camping gear) and tools through its other “ID” branded online stores.

 

The Company primarily sources its products from industry leading brands and suppliers located in the U.S., except that its private label products are largely imported from foreign suppliers. The Company has no significant supplier concentration, as its largest supplier accounted for less than 10% of the Company’s total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2019. The Company’s product sales are accounted for on a cash basis and the Company’s inventory on hand, which largely relates to private label products, has generally remained below $1.0 million in value. As of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, the sale value of customers’ unshipped and undelivered orders were $13.9 million and $8.9 million, respectively.

 

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Private Label Product.  The Company’s private label business uses proprietary data to identify, import and sell higher margin products that are in demand on its platform. Management believes that by selecting and pairing a superior import product with its purpose-built and proprietary data catalog, consumers are provided the option to purchase a high-quality product at a reasonable cost. Private label revenue was less than 10% of the Company’s total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Branded Product.  The Company has developed and implemented application programming interfaces with the majority of its drop-ship suppliers that allow it to electronically transmit orders, check inventory availability, and receive the shipment tracking information and share it with its customers. These processes allow the Company to offer nearly 5,000 brands on an inventory-free basis, thereby reducing carrying costs and improving margins.

 

Industry and Market Opportunity

 

The Company’s management believes the U.S. aftermarket automotive market is massive, fragmented, and ripe for disruption as overall consumer preferences are increasingly shifting to online transactions. Although the ultimate impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic remain uncertain and consumer demand for automobile parts and accessories may be impacted in a recessionary environment, a recent survey published by Capgemini found that 46% of U.S. adults surveyed plan to use their cars more often and public transportation less often in the future. Additionally, the pandemic is accelerating trends of online shopping more broadly as consumers seek to avoid physical retail locations.

 

In 2019, the domestic automotive aftermarket market opportunity was nearly $400 billion. The Company has historically focused on the $46 billion specialty automotive equipment market but is seeking to accelerate its growth through automotive repairs, targeted international expansion and the addition of new verticals. The Company’s other product verticals present an aggregate market opportunity exceeding $120 billion.

 

 

 

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Marketing

 

Management believes its customers’ core need is to search and find the right parts that fit their vehicle at the best price and are delivered on time. The PARTS iD marketing program is designed to meet this need with a straightforward marketing approach that makes it easy to access CARiD.com and search with precision, to learn how to address their needs and to build their order and checkout seamlessly and confidently.

 

 

 

The Company currently drives traffic to its platform primarily with search engine marketing; 75% of the Company’s traffic and 60% of its revenue is currently acquired in this manner. Once on the platform, customers are presented with the Company’s proprietary digital marketing content that is created via in-house, multi-step image and video processing. Automated image refinement and the Company’s creative design team work to ensure consistency and quality across all content, including the product images presented to customers on the Company’s platform. Product pages on the Company’s platform present customers with multiple, customized product choices, plus cross-sell and up-sell opportunities, as well as training materials, product comparison information, installation instructions and customer reviews. Customers have the option to shop and explore on the Company’s platform in multiple ways, including by part number, brand or product category.

 

The Company’s expertise in search engine marketing and analytics is now complemented by social media, retargeting, connected TV (CTV) and email marketing to boost brand awareness and outreach proactively to accelerate customer acquisition and retention. Management believes these new efforts, supported by its strong foundation of search engine marketing, will allow it to penetrate additional segments of the automotive parts and accessories market, as well as the markets for the Company’s other product verticals.

 

Competition

 

The parts and accessories industries in which the Company sells its products are competitive and fragmented, and products are distributed through multi-tiered and overlapping channels. The Company competes with both online and offline sellers that offer parts and accessories, repair parts and OEM parts to either the do-it-yourself or the do-it-for-me consumer segments. Current or potential competitors include (i) online retailers, including both niche retailers of uncommon, highly specialized products and general retailers of a larger number of broadly available products; (ii) national parts retailers such as Advance Auto Parts, AutoZone, NAPA and O’Reilly Auto Parts; (iii) internet-based marketplaces such as Amazon.com and eBay.com; (iv) discount stores and mass merchandisers; (v) local independent retailers; (vi) wholesale parts distributors and (vii) manufacturers, brand suppliers and other distributors selling online directly to consumers. The Company faces significant competition from these and other retailers in the United States and abroad. The majority of these competitors are, and will be, substantially larger than the Company, and have substantially greater resources and operating histories. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to keep pace with the technological or product developments of its competitors. These companies also compete with the Company in recruiting and retaining highly qualified technical and professional personnel and consultants.

 

Competitive factors in the markets the Company serves include fitment data and related intelligence, technology, customer experience, customer service, range of product offerings, product availability, product quality, price and shipping speed. Management believes its custom-built tech-stack for the complex, multi-dimensional automotive parts and accessories industry, which offers nearly 5,000 brands and more than 17 million unique SKUs, provides it with a unique competitive advantage.

 

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Intellectual Property

 

The Company owns a number of trade names, service marks and trademarks, including “iD,” “CARiD,” “BOATiD,” “MOTORCYCLEiD,” “CAMPERiD,” “POWERSPORTSiD,” “TOOLSiD,” “TRUCKiD,” “RECREATIONiD” and more, for use in connection with its business. In addition, the Company owns and has registered trademarks for certain of its private label brands. Management believes these trade names, service marks and trademarks are important to the Company’s sales and marketing strategy.

 

Environmental Matters

 

The Company is subject to various federal, state and local laws and governmental regulations relating to the operation of its business, including those governing the use and transportation of hazardous substances and emissions-related standards, established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, or the EPA, and similar state-level regulators, including the California Air Resources Board, or CARB.

 

While the Company has processes in place to ensure that products are sold in compliance with the requirements imposed by the EPA and similar state-level regulators, all verification processes have inherent limitations. The Company has been, is currently, and may in the future be the subject of regulatory proceedings initiated by the EPA, CARB or other applicable regulatory bodies, and the results of such proceedings are uncertain. For additional information, see “Legal Proceedings” below.

 

Although management believes that the Company is in substantial compliance with currently applicable environmental laws, rules, and regulations, it is unable to predict the ultimate impact of adopted or future laws, rules, and regulations on its business, properties or products. Such laws, rules, or regulations may cause the Company to incur significant expenses to achieve or maintain compliance, may require it to modify its product offerings, may adversely affect the price of or demand for some of its products, and may ultimately affect the way the Company conducts its operations. Failure to comply with these current or future laws, rules, or regulations could result in harm to the Company’s reputation and/or could lead to fines and other penalties, including restrictions on the importation of the Company’s products into, or the sale of its products in, one or more jurisdictions until compliance is achieved.

 

Seasonality

 

The Company’s revenue is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year, although sales typically spike during the spring months and the holiday season. While the Company expects to be able to maintain sales growth through seasonality, it recognizes that future revenues may be affected by these seasonal trends as well as cyclical trends affecting the overall economy, especially the automotive parts and accessories industry.

 

Property

 

The Company leases corporate office space in each of Cranbury and Jersey City, New Jersey, and space for call centers, warehouses and photo and video service facilities in Cranbury, New Jersey. Management believes that the Company’s properties are adequate and suitable for its business as presently conducted as well as for the foreseeable future.

 

Employees

 

The Company currently employs approximately 120 people, all in the United States. All of these employees work for the Company on a full-time basis. None of the Company’s employees are represented by a labor union, and management believes that the Company’s relations with its employees are good.

 

Certain call center, development, and back-office services are provided by independent contractors in Ukraine, Belarus, the Philippines and Costa Rica.

 

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Legal Proceedings

 

California Air Resources Board (CARB) v. Onyx Enterprises Int'l Corp

 

On September 18, 2018, the California Air Resources Board (“CARB”), first notified the Company of its allegations that between September 2015 and 2018, the Company offered for sale and/or sold products developed by third parties that were not exempted by CARB pursuant to 13 C.C.R. §§ 22220. On August 3, 2020, the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement and Release with CARB pursuant to which it did not admit fault, but agreed to pay a fine in the aggregate amount of $281,000, of which $140,500 is payable to fund a Supplemental Environmental Project entitled Installation of School Air Filtration Systems – El Centro (Imperial County). During the year ending December 31, 2020, the entire amount of $281,000 was paid to the respective authorities. The Company has also implemented a series of supplemental CARB compliance procedures with the goal of avoiding a recurrence of the situation that led to the alleged violation.

 

Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) v. Onyx Enterprises Int'l, Corp. d/b/a CARiD

 

On October 22, 2018, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (the “EPA”), submitted a formal information request asserting that the Company sold improper and illegal defeat devices in violation of the Clean Air Act (the “CAA”). The Company responded on December 2018. On July 16, 2020, the EPA presented the Company with a proposed notice of violation directed to a subset of sales performance parts that the EPA alleges were sold by the Company in violation of the CAA. The EPA did not propose an aggregate fine but identified 267 transactions as being in violation of the CAA. The products in question were sold by the Company in 2018 and have since been removed from its platform. On November 22 2020, the Company provided a response to the EPA with analysis directed at the reasons the 267 transactions did not violate the CAA.

 

Seoul Semiconductor Co, LTD et. al. v. Onyx Enterprises Int’l Corp

 

On May 15, 2020, the Company was sued for patent infringement by Seoul Semiconductor Company (“Seoul Semiconductors”), a designer of LED component packages and the manufacturing processes necessary to produce LED packages. The Civil Action is captioned as Seoul Semiconductor Co., LTD. and Seoul Viosys Co., LTD v. Onyx Enterprises Int’l Corp, Civil Action Number 2:20-cv-05955 and is currently pending in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey. The Company did not have knowledge of these patents, nor does it manufacturer LEDs. Rather, the Company sources lighting products for sale on its platforms through third party manufacturers. Seoul Semiconductors is seeking a royalty for past sales and an agreement to source future LED components from one of its approved component manufacturers.

 

Onyx Enterprises Int’l, Corp. v. IDParts, LLC

 

On June 30, 2020, the Company initiated a trademark infringement action against IDParts, LLC (“IDParts”) for the unlawful use of “ID” to sell automotive products through its eCommerce platform found at www.idparts.com. The Company first used “iD” to sell automotive products in March of 2009 on its ecommerce platform found at www.carid.com. The Civil Action is captioned as Onyx Enterprises Int’l, Corp. v. IDParts, LLC, Civil Action Number 1:20-cv-11253-RMZ and is currently pending before the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts. On August 4, 2020, the Company filed the First Amended Complaint. Upon being served by the Company, IDParts counterclaimed against the Company for infringement of its alleged common law trademark rights arising from is use of “IDParts” on www.idparts.com in January of 2010. On January 22, 2021, the Company filed the Second Amended Complaint against IDParts. The Company is seeking monetary damages for use of its trademark as well as an order precluding IDParts from continuing to use “ID” as part of its branding. IDParts is seeking similar relief through its counterclaims.

 

Onyx Enterprises Int’l Corp v. Volkswagen Group of America, Inc.

 

On August 4, 2020, Onyx initiated a trademark infringement action against Volkswagen Group of America, Inc. (“Volkswagen”) for the unlawful use of “ID” to brand its new line of electric vehicles due to be imported into the United States in 2021 and manufactured in Tennessee in 2022. The United States Patent and Trademark Office rejected Volkswagen’s application to register “ID” multiple times due to the Company’s priority over the mark in the automotive space. In 2019, Volkswagen approached the Company for a license to use ID for a royalty. When Volkswagen announced in July of 2020 that it would proceed with the launch using this branding, the Company filed suit. The Civil Action is captioned as Onyx Enterprises Int’l, Corp v. Volkswagen Group of America, Inc., Civil Action Number 3:20-cv-09976-BRM-ZNQ and is currently pending in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey. Volkswagen has moved to stay the matter pending the outcome in the ID Parts matter, a request Parts ID has opposed. VW has not asserted counterclaims. The Company is seeking monetary damages for use of its trademark as well as an order precluding Volkswagen from continuing to use ID as part of its branding.

 

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Lesidine LLC v. Onyx Enterprises Int’l Corp

 

On January 20, 2021, Lexidine, LLC filed a patent infringement suit against the Company in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey. The case is based upon United States Patent No. 7,609,961 and is directed toward certain OEM Fit 3rd Brake Light Cameras offered for sale by third party brands on the Company’s eCommerce platform. The matter has not been served. It is captioned as Lexidine LLC v. Onyx Enterprises Int’l Corp, d/b/a www.carid.com, Case No. 3:21-cv-00946. Lexidine is seeking monetary relief for the sale of allegedly infringing products as well as injunctive relief.

 

Stockholder Litigation

 

On February 12, 2018 (withdrawn) and March 22, 2018 (refiled), Plaintiffs Stanislav Royzenshteyn and Roman Gerashenko (the “Founder Stockholders” or “Plaintiffs”) filed a complaint against Prashant Pathak, Carey Kurtin, Onyx Enterprises Canada Inc., In Colour Capital, Inc., J. William Kurtin (“Defendants”), and the Company’s predecessor Onyx Enterprises Int’l, Corp. as a nominal defendant (“Nominal Defendant”), under the caption Royzenshteyn, et al., v. Pathak, et al., No. MON-C-45-18 (New Jersey, Chancery Division, Monmouth County) (the “Stockholder Litigation”).  Plaintiffs amended their complaint on February 21, 2019, and again on July 1, 2019.  Plaintiffs assert four counts of fraud and/or negligent misrepresentation against the Defendants relating to a 2015 transaction in which the Plaintiffs sold a majority interest in the predecessor Company to Defendants.  In particular, Plaintiffs claim that they entered into the 2015 transaction upon the misapprehension that a third party’s investment was “already assured” and the third party’s due diligence was “continuing.”  Plaintiffs further assert two causes of action for federal and New Jersey state securities law violations on the basis of the same facts.  Plaintiffs bring several derivative claims on behalf of the Nominal Defendant against Defendants for alleged breaches of fiduciary duty, corporate waste, diversion of corporate opportunity, frustration of purpose, and tortious interference related to offers to third parties to invest in the Company and the decision to terminate Plaintiff Gerashenko.  Plaintiffs also bring claims for breach of contract and breach of the implied covenant of good faith against the Defendants as to the 2015 transaction related to Defendants’ alleged “quick exit strategy” and alleged frustration of Plaintiffs’ employment expectations at the Company.  Plaintiffs also assert a cause of action for violation of the oppressed minority shareholder against Defendants related to various corporate governance issues and Plaintiffs’ employment.  Plaintiffs finally allege causes of action for frustration of purpose, punitive damages, and conspiracy on the same bases.  Plaintiffs seek damages for their various causes of action and rescission of the 2015 transaction.  On November 6, 2020, the Defendants filed a motion for summary judgment seeking dismissal of all of the claims brought by the Plaintiffs, which is scheduled to be heard on February 5, 2021. For additional information regarding the Stockholder Litigation, please see Note 7 of the Notes to the Financial Statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 in the “Index to Financial Information Onyx Enterprises Int’l, Corp.

 

Business Combination Litigation

 

On October 3, 2020, counsel to the Investor Stockholder and Principals received a letter from counsel to the Founder Stockholders objecting to the Investor Stockholder’s use of the “drag-along right” under Section 4.5 of the Stockholders Agreement and the proxy granted pursuant to Section 5.1 of the Stockholders Agreement to execute (i) the stockholder written consent, dated September 18, 2020, approving the Business Combination Agreement and (ii) the Stockholder Support Agreements, in each case on behalf of the Founder Stockholders. The letter also describes the Business Combination as unlawful and threatens further unspecified actions by the Founder Stockholders.

 

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On October 15, 2020, the Founder Stockholders filed an order to show cause to preliminarily enjoin the Business Combination pending final adjudication of the Stockholder Litigation. On October 23, 2020, the Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Monmouth County refused to grant a preliminary injunction and set the hearing date on the order to show cause for December 4, 2020. On October 26, 2020, the Founder Stockholders filed an application for permission to file emergent motion to request a temporary restraining order preventing the closing of the Business Combination prior to the hearing on December 4, 2020 with the Superior Court of New Jersey, Appellate Division, which such court denied. On October 27, 2020, the Founder Stockholders appealed the Appellate Division’s ruling to the Supreme Court of New Jersey. On October 28, 2020, the Supreme Court of New Jersey denied such appeal. On November 20, 2020, the Founder Stockholders requested another emergent motion before the Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Monmouth County for a temporary restraining order preventing the closing of the Business Combination. The Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Monmouth County denied that request by order dated November 20, 2020. The Founder Stockholders withdrew their order to show cause after the November 20, 2020 was entered.

 

Misappropriation Action

 

The Company commenced an action on November 24, 2020 against Stanislav Royzenshteyn, the Company’s former CEO, captioned Parts iD, LLC v. Stanislav Royzenshteyn (the “Misappropriation Action”), which is currently pending before the same court presiding over the Stockholder Litigation.  The Misappropriation Action arises from Mr. Royzenshteyn’s failure to immediately return two Company computers and other equipment he had had in his possession upon his resignation as CEO in July 2020.  After Mr. Royzenshteyn ultimately returned the computers, the Company engaged Epiq, a worldwide provider of electronic discovery and forensic services, to perform a forensic analysis, which revealed that Mr. Royzenshteyn engaged in the mass copying of files and folders located on the Company computers prior to their return.  As a result, the Company is asserting claims against Mr. Royzenshteyn for violation of the Computer Related Offenses Act, New Jersey’s Trade Secrets Act, breach of fiduciary duties and breach of his employment agreement.  The Company is also asserting claims against Mr. Royzenshteyn for failing to return a luxury automobile purchased by the Company. The Company is seeking return of the automobile and any associated damages for the wrongful possession. At the same time the Company commenced the Misappropriation Action, it filed an application for a preliminary injunction and temporary restraints via order to show cause, and on January 8, 2021, the court entered an order enjoining Mr. Royzenshteyn from sharing or disseminating any Company information. The Company filed an amended complaint on January 20, 2020 to include claims for breach of fiduciary duty and breach of contract relating to a bonus payment Mr. Royzenshteyn directed be paid to him in July 2020. Mr. Royzenshteyn has not yet answered the complaint and we are unable to offer an opinion as to the potential outcome of the Misappropriation Action.

 

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MANAGEMENT

 

Board of Directors and Executive Officers

 

We have seven directors (including the Chairman of the Board). Our Board is divided into two classes with only one class of directors being elected in each year and each class (except for those directors appointed prior to our first annual meeting of stockholders) serving a two year term. The class I directors consist of Messrs. McCall and Petkar and Ms. Schwister, and their term will expire at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2021. The class II directors consist of Messrs. Rigaud, White, Jha and Pathak, and their term will expire at our annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2022.

 

We have four executive officers (excluding the Chairman of the Board). Our officers are appointed by the Board and serve at the discretion of the Board, rather than for specific terms of office. Our Board is authorized to appoint persons to the offices set forth in our bylaws as it deems appropriate. Our bylaws provide that our officers may consist of a Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and such other officers (including without limitation, Vice Presidents, Assistant Secretaries and a Treasurer) as may be determined by the Board.

 

The following persons are the directors and executive officers of the Company:

 

 

Name

  Age   Title
Antonino Ciappina   39   Chief Executive Officer
Kailas Agrawal   63   Chief Financial Officer
Ajay Roy   38   Chief Operating Officer
Mark Atwater   61   Vice President of Vendor Relations
Prashant Pathak   49   Chairman of the Board of Directors
Edwin J. Rigaud   77   Director
Darryl T. F. McCall   66   Director
Richard White   67   Director
Aditya Jha   64   Director
Rahul Petkar   61   Director
Ann M. Schwister   53   Director

 

Antonino Ciappina has served as Onyx’s Interim General Manager since July 2020 and the Company’s Chief Executive Officer since November 20, 2020. Upon joining Onyx in January 2020, Mr. Ciappina served as Chief Marketing Officer and directed efforts related to marketing, customer acquisition and retention, pricing optimization, advertising, creative services, market research, analytics and public relations for the portfolio of iD brands. Prior to joining Onyx, Mr. Ciappina served in various digital marketing and e-commerce positions, most recently as Senior Director, E-Commerce & Digital Marketing at Foot Locker from May 2018 to December 2019, as Vice President, E-Commerce & Digital Marketing at Firestar Diamond Group from June 2017 to May 2018 and as Director, Digital Marketing & Customer Acquisition at The Children’s Place from April 2015 to June 2017. Mr. Ciappina earned his Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration, Marketing and International Business from Montclair State University.

 

Kailas Agrawal served as Onyx’s Chief Financial Officer from January 2018 to March 2020 and from August 2020 until November 20, 2020, at which time he became the Company’s Chief Financial Officer. Prior to joining Onyx, Mr. Agrawal served as Chief Financial Officer at In Colour Capital (during this period, he functioned as the Chief Financial Officer of Onyx), an independent principal investment group, from January 2016 to December 2017 and as Principal Financial Consultant with KSS Consulting, Inc. from May 2014 to December 2015. Additionally, Mr. Agrawal has gained international experience while serving in various positions for multiple organizations across the United States, Canada, and India, including as Regional Chief Financial Officer of Minacs Worldwide, Inc. Mr. Agrawal’s experience spans numerous industries such as information technology services, food distribution, real estate, agricultural processing and manufacturing. Mr. Agrawal earned a designation as a Chartered Accountant from the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India in addition to obtaining a Bachelor of Commerce from the University of Mumbai.

 

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Ajay Roy has served as Onyx’s Chief Operating Officer since October 2019 and the Company’s Chief Operating Officer since November 20, 2020. Prior to joining Onyx, Mr. Roy served as Senior Vice President of Operations at Moda Operandi, Inc., an online fashion retailer, from September 2018 to September 2019 and General Manager of Global Supply Chain and Operations at Wayfair, Inc., an online furniture and home-goods retailer, from August 2017 to August 2018. Additionally, Mr. Roy gained extensive management experience while serving as Vice President of ToolsGroup, Inc., a global provider of service-driven supply chain planning and demand analytics software, from 2013 to August 2017 and as a Management Consultant with Deloitte Consulting. Mr. Roy earned his Master’s in Business Administration from SP Jain School of Management and a Bachelor of Engineering in Computer Engineering from the MS Ramaiah Institute of Technology.

 

Mark Atwater has served as Onyx’s Vice President of Vendor Relations since October 2016 and the Company’s Vice President of Vendor Relations since November 20, 2020. As Vice President of Vendor Relations, Mr. Atwater is responsible for the leadership of the Vendor Relations Department, management of Onyx’s vendor partners, pricing strategy, new product category development and carrier logistics. Since joining Onyx in 2011, Mr. Atwater has served in a variety of positions including General Manager and Director of Vendor Relations. Prior to joining Onyx, while serving in a variety of positions in the automotive industry, Mr. Atwater obtained experience in negotiating, purchasing, logistics and distribution, warehouse management, retail store management, automotive sales and e-commerce sales.

 

Prashant Pathak has served as a director of the Company since November 20, 2020, and his current term as director is set to expire at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2022. Mr. Pathak has served as CEO of Ekagrata Inc., a business building oriented principal investment company, since January 2015 and as a Principal of In Colour Capital Inc., an independent principal investment group, since April 2015. He has been an appointee of the Government of Canada on the Board of the Business Development Bank of Canada for nearly a decade. Previously, Mr. Pathak has been a Partner of McKinsey & Company Inc. At McKinsey he was a leader of the North American Telecom Practice, the Financial Services Practices and a leader in the Strategy & Corporate Finance Practice. He has also been part of the startup team and the Managing Partner of ReichmannHauer Capital Partners, a successful Canadian investment firm. Mr. Pathak has an MBA from INSEAD with Distinction and a B.Tech degree in Electrical Engineering from IIT, where he was adjudged the Best All-round Graduating Student of his class. He also has a Diploma in Fuzzy Logic from IIT.

 

Edwin J. Rigaud has served as a director of the Company since Legacy’s inception in 2016, and his current term as director is set to expire at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2022. Mr. Rigaud served as Legacy’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer since Legacy’s inception until the Business Combination and has more than 55 years of business experience across a multitude of operating and leadership roles. In 2007, Mr. Rigaud founded EnovaPremier and commenced operations through the acquisition of the assets of T&WA, Inc. Since that time, he has served as owner and the President and Chief Executive Officer of EnovaPremier (2007-2018) and as Chairman (2019) while guiding that company to a position as one of the leading providers of automotive tire & wheel pre-assembly services in the United States. Prior to founding EnovaPremier, Mr. Rigaud served in numerous operating and management capacities at Procter & Gamble from 1965 to 2001. Mr. Rigaud’s notable leadership positions at Procter & Gamble included his role as a Vice President of Food & Beverage Products and as a Vice President of Government Relations in North America. Adding to his experience as a senior manager, Mr. Rigaud developed significant expertise in product development and brand management having been the first Technical Brand Manager in the exploratory phase of Pringle’s, and ultimately the Product Development Group Leader during the execution of Pringle’s national launch. Mr. Rigaud also led the product development efforts of Secret Deodorant & Antiperspirant improvements, including key active ingredient technology and perfume upgrades, while having direct participation with the Leo Burnett Agency in the creation of the famous advertising slogan, “strong enough for a man, but made for a woman.” Mr. Rigaud’s leadership in these efforts helped to facilitate a major relaunch of the Secret brand. He was ultimately named a Director in Product Development. Outside of his corporate leadership experience, Mr. Rigaud has served on the Board of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland and the Board of the local affiliate of Fifth Third Bank of Cincinnati. Mr. Rigaud has also held appointments by Governor Bob Taft to the Ohio Board of Regents, and by President George W. Bush to the national Institute of Museum and Library Services. In 1997, Mr. Rigaud became the first CEO of the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, located in Cincinnati, Ohio. This 9-year development program included raising $110 million while working closely with John Pepper, former Chairman and CEO of Procter & Gamble, who served as the national building Campaign Chairman. Mr. Rigaud is also the head of one of the first African American co-ownership groups of a Major League Baseball franchise, the Cincinnati Reds.

 

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Darryl T. F. McCall has served as a director of the Company since Legacy’s inception in 2016, and his current term as director is set to expire at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2021. Mr. McCall also served as Legacy’s President and COO since Legacy’s inception until the Business Combination. With more than 35 years of domestic and international operating experience with consumer products businesses, Mr. McCall will provide us with a broad range of functional expertise and executive leadership experience. Mr. McCall served as Executive Vice President and Executive Committee member at Coty Inc. from 2008 to 2014 where his key responsibilities involved the management of numerous global manufacturing facilities and distribution centers. During his tenure at Coty, Mr. McCall also held major responsibilities related to the integration of 5 acquired businesses and helped lead the company through its $1.0 billion initial public offering in 2013. Prior to joining Coty, Mr. McCall held numerous positions at Procter & Gamble from 1978 to 2008. From 2007 to 2008, Mr. McCall was Product Supply Vice President — Global Fabric Care, leading a global organization comprised of more than 35 manufacturing operations centers and more than 16,000 employees. From 2005 to 2006, Mr. McCall served as General Manager of Procter & Gamble’s Global Personal Cleansing Care Division which oversees brands such as Camay®, Gillette®, Ivory®, Olay®, Old Spice®, and Zest®. Mr. McCall also held significant responsibilities for integrating certain of Procter & Gamble’s large acquisitions. Notable examples include the leadership of the supply chain integration of Gillette® and Wella®. Over the course of his career Mr. McCall has managed operations in Belgium, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Switzerland and the United States. He also is an outside independent Director for HCP Packaging.

 

Richard White has served as a director of the Company since Legacy’s inception in 2016, and his current term as director is set to expire at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2022. He is chair of the Compensation Committee and a member of the Audit Committee. Mr. White has also served as chief executive officer of Aeolus Capital Group Ltd., a financial and strategic management advisory firm, since May 2017. Mr. White served as Managing Director and head of Oppenheimer & Co. Inc.’s. Private Equity and Special Products Department from 2004 until April 2017. From 1997 until 2002, Mr. White was a Managing Director of CIBC Capital Partners, the private equity merchant banking division of Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, the successor by acquisition of Oppenheimer & Co., Inc. From 1985 until 1997, Mr. White was a Managing Director and one of approximately 30 General Partners of Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. Mr. White was responsible for founding and building several of its investment banking industry groups including consumer products, business services, industrials, technology, gaming and leisure, and real estate. Mr. White also headed Oppenheimer’s mergers and acquisitions department. Mr. White is a CPA. Mr. White is the Lead Independent Director of G-III Apparel Group Ltd., a manufacturer, retailer, and distributor of apparel (Nasdaq: “GIII”). Mr. White holds a Master’s in Business Administration from the Wharton Graduate School of the University of Pennsylvania and a B.A. from Tufts University.

 

Aditya Jha has served as a director of the Company since November 20, 2020, and his current term as director is set to expire at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2022. Mr. Jha is chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, and is a member of both the Audit Committee and the Compensation Committee. His entrepreneurial pursuits have included startup technology ventures in the United States and internationally as well as turn-around businesses in Canada. He co-founded a software company, Isopia Inc., which was acquired by Sun Microsystems Inc., USA in 2001. He also served as General Manager, eBusiness at Bell Canada. He is Member of the Order of Canada (Canada’s highest civilian honors).

 

Rahul Petkar has served as a director of the Company since November 20, 2020, and his current term as director is set to expire at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2021. Mr. Petkar is also a member of both the Compensation Committee and the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. Mr. Petkar is a business leader with over thirty years’ experience in the financial services and technology sectors spanning Asia, Middle East, North America and Latin America, and is a strategic advisor and board member to both public and private financial technology startups in the United States and Canada. He is President and CEO of Ishkan Inc., a Canada corporation, and established Polaris Canada, a banking technology company providing services to all major Canadian banks and select U.S. financial institutions. He also served as Director of International Development at TD Waterhouse, where he was a core member of the team responsible for the global expansion of its brokerage and wealth management business to Japan, the United Kingdom, Luxembourg, and Hong Kong.

 

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Ann M. Schwister has served as a director of the Company since November 20, 2020, and her current term as director is set to expire at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2021. Ms. Schwister is also chair of the Audit Committee, and is a member of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. Ms. Schwister has 29 years of domestic and international operational experience at Procter and Gamble. She served as Vice President and CFO of Procter and Gamble’s two most important regions, North America and Greater China and Vice President and CFO for the Global Oral Care business. Since retiring from Procter and Gamble in 2018, Ms. Schwister has been a strategic advisor working with several organizations including social enterprises and a small family owned business. She also serves on the Executive Committee and board of the Greater Cincinnati Foundation where she chaired the Finance and Audit Committee for six years. Additionally, she has served on the CFO Committee of the Grocery Manufacturers Association and the Wisconsin School of Business Dean’s Advisory Board. In these roles, Ms. Schwister has amassed significant experience regarding Global P&L responsibilities, gained a deep understanding of consumers and digital and traditional retail environments, and gained experience with respect to small businesses. She is a qualified audit committee financial expert and has corporate governance expertise. She has a BBA degree in Finance with a specialization in International Business from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

 

Board Leadership Structure and Role in Risk Oversight

 

The Board recognizes that the leadership structure and combination or separation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman roles is driven by the needs of the Company at any point in time. As a result, the Board does not have a fixed policy regarding the separation of the offices of Chief Executive Officer and Chairman and believes that it should maintain the flexibility to select the Chairman and its leadership structure, from time to time, based on the criteria that it deems in the best interests of the Company and its Stockholders. This has allowed Legacy’s Board the flexibility to establish the most appropriate structure for the Company at any given time.

 

Currently, our Chief Executive Officer is separate from our Chairman. The Board believes that, currently, having a separate Chief Executive Officer and Chairman is the appropriate leadership structure for our Company. In making this determination, the Board considered, among other matters, the respective experiences of and rapport between Messrs. Ciappina and Pathak and believes that such structure promotes balanced leadership and direction for the Company.

 

The Board is actively involved in overseeing our risk assessment and monitoring processes. The Board, through the Strategy, Technology and Risk Management Committee, focuses on our general risk management strategy and ensures that appropriate risk mitigation strategies are implemented by management. In addition, each of the other committees of the Board considers risk within its area of responsibility.

 

Director Independence

 

NYSE American listing standards require that a majority of our Board be independent. An “independent director” is defined generally as a person other than an executive officer or employee of the company or any other individual having a relationship which in the opinion of the company’s board of directors, would interfere with the director’s exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director. We have appointed six “independent directors” as defined in the NYSE American listing standards and applicable SEC rules to serve on our Board. Our independent directors will have regularly scheduled meetings at which only independent directors are present.

 

Board Meetings

 

During 2018, there were seven meetings of Legacy’s Board. During 2019, there were four meetings of Legacy’s Board. During 2020, there were seven meetings of Legacy’s Board and two meetings of the PARTS iD’s Board. All of our directors attended at least 75% of the meetings held during these years. All directors are expected